Definition of consolidate in English:



  • 1Make (something) physically stronger or more solid.

    ‘the first phase of the project is to consolidate the outside walls’
    • ‘There he made preparations for his first attempts to consolidate purified platinum powder into a solid plug and to hammer it into a metallic ingot.’
    • ‘Strips of suitable length are cut, and are then beaten with a hammer in order to consolidate the substance of the hide.’
    • ‘This pore sealant both slows down corrosion of the zinc and consolidates the layer of zinc corrosion products, in order to maintain their protective effect.’
    • ‘Special furnaces and fire grates have therefore for a long time been in use for this purpose, whilst in recent times attempts have been made to consolidate the substance into briquettes before burning it, which have met with a fair amount of success.’
    1. 1.1Reinforce or strengthen (one's position or power)
      ‘the company consolidated its position in the international market’
      • ‘He said he had no doubt that the additional guarantees inherent in that standard will further consolidate the market position of quality-assured eggs.’
      • ‘Her life and practices became all about consolidating Louis XIV's position as a great king.’
      • ‘The acquisition forms part of the Group's strategy of category and geographic expansion of its trade division and firmly consolidates the Group's position in the South East of the country.’
      • ‘As imperialist globalisation tries to consolidate its power the world over, building a mass anti-imperialist women's movement is more important than ever.’
      • ‘The vision includes consolidating Mexico's position in a pan-American trading block, but important social improvements are envisaged as well.’
      • ‘The UK has world-class neuroscience, and this Centre would consolidate the UK's position as a global leader.’
      • ‘Within the disputed border region, military forces from the neighboring state continue to consolidate their positions.’
      • ‘In my opinion, your country has enormous potential to build and consolidate an outstanding position as a European and international tourist destination.’
      • ‘As he looks ahead to the history books, however, he seems to realize that hard power alone will not consolidate his position.’
      • ‘At the same time regional power centers are evolving and consolidating their positions, aspiring to a greater role in the world community.’
      • ‘In the period up to and immediately beyond World War II Atlanta consolidated its position of regional dominance in the air network.’
      • ‘But he consolidated his position at home, extending royal power into Caithness and Ross, and above all into Galloway, a show of strength derived from his ability to exploit feudal inheritance law.’
      • ‘Finals are pretty much assured for all teams, just final positions need to be consolidated.’
      • ‘To avoid such an outcome, an attacker may resort to an ‘operational pause’ to consolidate his position before continuing the attack.’
      • ‘This medical monopoly has throughout the twentieth century continued to consolidate and strengthen its power.’
      • ‘Leaders hate to be thwarted; it is in the nature of power to consolidate itself.’
      • ‘The local club made home advantage tell and both teams secured second places, consolidating their mid-table positions.’
      • ‘As he continues to consolidate his position in the world of entertainment, his tricks are still breathtaking and dramatic.’
      • ‘Taken together, they paint a chilling picture of an administration more concerned with consolidating its power than national security or the health and welfare of Americans.’
      • ‘He won power in an election that year and consolidated his position in an imperial coup of 1851 after which his government arrested agitators to deport them and he became a hated despot, the enemy of republicanism.’
      strengthen, make stronger, make secure, secure, make stable, stabilize, reinforce, fortify, tighten, harden, stiffen, cement, enhance
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  • 2Combine (a number of things) into a single more effective or coherent whole.

    ‘all manufacturing activities have been consolidated in new premises’
    • ‘One idea that has come to light is to consolidate the number of local coverage bodies from one per state to about 20 across the nation.’
    • ‘My primary school, a split site in the years that I was there, consolidated to a single newer building in the 1980s.’
    • ‘Another argument put forward is that the number of treaties signed with each member state are so many as to create a mass of overlapping complex texts that need to be consolidated into a single overriding treaty.’
    • ‘Staffers are studying how to consolidate the paper's four weekly magazines into a single Sunday magazine of up to 32 pages, she said.’
    • ‘By consolidating the ten pre-Napoleonic states into three parts, toppling the old dynasties, and inspiring patriots to develop new programmes of unity and independence, Napoleon advanced the cause of national unity.’
    • ‘Then, in 1999, the lender suggested that the single mom consolidate her two mortgages into one.’
    • ‘And, in time, the two technologies - Workplace Messaging and Notes - will be consolidated as a single technology.’
    • ‘An Interior charge card task force recommended that the three parallel card systems be consolidated into a single accounting process.’
    • ‘Three Taiwanese government-owned banks have merged in order to consolidate banking activities in the country, overcrowded by too many banks.’
    • ‘One option being considered is to consolidate Chippenham and Malmesbury's sorting offices into a single, purpose built facility in Chippenham.’
    • ‘As a result, customers will streamline their storage management and consolidate the number of vendors they support.’
    • ‘Carrying on an old tradition, many airlines have been known to cancel a flight, to consolidate the numbers of passengers on board.’
    • ‘I feel the whole conference could have been consolidated into a single day if the tracks had been put together correctly.’
    • ‘The service consolidates a number of separate services that used to exist in different parts of the county.’
    • ‘This will mean that the nine separate land transport programmes for Auckland will be consolidated into just two for the authority and Transit New Zealand.’
    • ‘The bank wants to consolidate its 20 Edinburgh offices to a ‘single digit’ on three sites - the city centre, the Gyle and Gogarburn.’
    • ‘Try consolidating a number of servers to one bigger one.’
    • ‘You can lock in a fixed rate on your federal loans if you have two or more loans that can be consolidated into one.’
    • ‘Some members of Congress seek to create a single voice for space, consolidating all Department of Defense space activities.’
    • ‘Freed from distracting desires which could never be adequately fulfilled, I pass through life with confidence and purpose, the multiple identities of my past consolidated into a unified whole.’
    combine, unite, merge, integrate, amalgamate, fuse, blend, mingle, marry, synthesize, bring together
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    1. 2.1Combine (a number of financial accounts or funds) into a single overall account or set of accounts.
      • ‘You can get around the cap by consolidating IRA accounts into your 401 plan if your employer allows it.’
      • ‘If you have money spread around various bank deposit and building society accounts then this is as good a time as any to consolidate them into one single account.’
      • ‘My spouse and I used to have the three accounts set up, but decided to consolidate to one account.’
      • ‘The department has previously hired different advertising and media agencies for separate campaigns, but will now consolidate its account.’
      • ‘The new board has been instructed by cabinet to consolidate the corporation's accounts into a holding company and to settle the corporation's debts as well as its overdraft and outstanding loans.’
      • ‘Companies with subsidiaries in several countries will normally consolidate their accounts in the home country, bringing together accounting statements in a variety of currencies.’
      • ‘He has been meeting with the local banks in order to consolidate our accounts.’
      • ‘He observed: to describe the right to consolidate several accounts as an example of the banker's lien is… a misuse of language.’
      • ‘We consolidate our accounts and get lower APRs and keep devoting a percentage of our income to paying them off.’
      • ‘I recently got married, so I had to start looking for a bank to consolidate our accounts.’
    2. 2.2Combine (two or more legal actions involving similar questions) into one for action by a court.
      • ‘The final package of changes proposed responds to a need to update, consolidate, and ensure consistency across different pieces of legislation.’
      • ‘In 1936 the Public Health Act consolidated with amendments previous enactments relating to public health.’
      • ‘The provisions of that Act have now been consolidated into the Clean Air Act 1993, which covers the emission of dark smoke from chimneys and industrial and trade premises.’
      • ‘At the same time the method of rating the boards was provided for in the Local Government Act 1958, later consolidated into the General Rate Act 1967.’
      • ‘Last week, the two lawsuits - together with the City's cross-complaint discussed above - were consolidated by the judge in the case.’
      • ‘The power was amended by the Criminal Justice Act 1993 and has now been consolidated into the Drug Trafficking Act 1994.’
      • ‘These measures bring together, update and consolidate EU food and feed legislation.’
      • ‘The very last Major act was to consolidate the various legislation on employment rights regarding unfair dismissal, redundancy, and claims of lesser importance.’
      • ‘The new rules will consolidate existing legislation and introduce new controls on the way asbestos is handled in the workplace.’
      • ‘The legislation has a simple purpose: to consolidate and modernise the legislation relating to the property of the Anglican Church in the diocese of Christchurch.’
      • ‘A Friday hearing is scheduled in Washington, D.C. by a judicial panel on multidistrict litigation to determine whether the 28 lawsuits filed might be consolidated.’
      • ‘Most of the 1875 Act was consolidated with related legislation in the Public Health Act 1936.’
      • ‘Most recently the Commission has made a proposal to reform and consolidate all of the legislation in one measure.’
      • ‘The bill consolidates existing legislation relating to rail safety and expands on that legislation to address a number of deficiencies in the current rail safety legislative framework.’
      • ‘The 1911 Copyright Act served to consolidate existing common law and legislation and brought within the copyright fold the right to perform a creative work.’
      • ‘Now the Health Service Commissioners Act 1993 has consolidated these earlier statutes and governs such matters as appointment, jurisdiction and powers.’


Early 16th century (in the sense combine into a single whole): from Latin consolidare, from con- together + solidare make firm (from solidus solid).