Definition of consolidate in US English:



[with object]
  • 1Make (something) physically stronger or more solid.

    ‘the first phase of the project is to consolidate the outside walls’
    • ‘There he made preparations for his first attempts to consolidate purified platinum powder into a solid plug and to hammer it into a metallic ingot.’
    • ‘This pore sealant both slows down corrosion of the zinc and consolidates the layer of zinc corrosion products, in order to maintain their protective effect.’
    • ‘Special furnaces and fire grates have therefore for a long time been in use for this purpose, whilst in recent times attempts have been made to consolidate the substance into briquettes before burning it, which have met with a fair amount of success.’
    • ‘Strips of suitable length are cut, and are then beaten with a hammer in order to consolidate the substance of the hide.’
    1. 1.1 Reinforce or strengthen (one's position or power)
      ‘the company consolidated its position in the international market’
      • ‘Within the disputed border region, military forces from the neighboring state continue to consolidate their positions.’
      • ‘Taken together, they paint a chilling picture of an administration more concerned with consolidating its power than national security or the health and welfare of Americans.’
      • ‘In my opinion, your country has enormous potential to build and consolidate an outstanding position as a European and international tourist destination.’
      • ‘Leaders hate to be thwarted; it is in the nature of power to consolidate itself.’
      • ‘But he consolidated his position at home, extending royal power into Caithness and Ross, and above all into Galloway, a show of strength derived from his ability to exploit feudal inheritance law.’
      • ‘The vision includes consolidating Mexico's position in a pan-American trading block, but important social improvements are envisaged as well.’
      • ‘The UK has world-class neuroscience, and this Centre would consolidate the UK's position as a global leader.’
      • ‘In the period up to and immediately beyond World War II Atlanta consolidated its position of regional dominance in the air network.’
      • ‘He said he had no doubt that the additional guarantees inherent in that standard will further consolidate the market position of quality-assured eggs.’
      • ‘At the same time regional power centers are evolving and consolidating their positions, aspiring to a greater role in the world community.’
      • ‘The acquisition forms part of the Group's strategy of category and geographic expansion of its trade division and firmly consolidates the Group's position in the South East of the country.’
      • ‘As he looks ahead to the history books, however, he seems to realize that hard power alone will not consolidate his position.’
      • ‘Her life and practices became all about consolidating Louis XIV's position as a great king.’
      • ‘To avoid such an outcome, an attacker may resort to an ‘operational pause’ to consolidate his position before continuing the attack.’
      • ‘As he continues to consolidate his position in the world of entertainment, his tricks are still breathtaking and dramatic.’
      • ‘The local club made home advantage tell and both teams secured second places, consolidating their mid-table positions.’
      • ‘Finals are pretty much assured for all teams, just final positions need to be consolidated.’
      • ‘He won power in an election that year and consolidated his position in an imperial coup of 1851 after which his government arrested agitators to deport them and he became a hated despot, the enemy of republicanism.’
      • ‘This medical monopoly has throughout the twentieth century continued to consolidate and strengthen its power.’
      • ‘As imperialist globalisation tries to consolidate its power the world over, building a mass anti-imperialist women's movement is more important than ever.’
      strengthen, make stronger, make secure, secure, make stable, stabilize, reinforce, fortify, tighten, harden, stiffen, cement, enhance
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  • 2Combine (a number of things) into a single more effective or coherent whole.

    ‘all manufacturing activities have been consolidated in new premises’
    • ‘Some members of Congress seek to create a single voice for space, consolidating all Department of Defense space activities.’
    • ‘I feel the whole conference could have been consolidated into a single day if the tracks had been put together correctly.’
    • ‘The bank wants to consolidate its 20 Edinburgh offices to a ‘single digit’ on three sites - the city centre, the Gyle and Gogarburn.’
    • ‘My primary school, a split site in the years that I was there, consolidated to a single newer building in the 1980s.’
    • ‘By consolidating the ten pre-Napoleonic states into three parts, toppling the old dynasties, and inspiring patriots to develop new programmes of unity and independence, Napoleon advanced the cause of national unity.’
    • ‘One idea that has come to light is to consolidate the number of local coverage bodies from one per state to about 20 across the nation.’
    • ‘Freed from distracting desires which could never be adequately fulfilled, I pass through life with confidence and purpose, the multiple identities of my past consolidated into a unified whole.’
    • ‘One option being considered is to consolidate Chippenham and Malmesbury's sorting offices into a single, purpose built facility in Chippenham.’
    • ‘The service consolidates a number of separate services that used to exist in different parts of the county.’
    • ‘Carrying on an old tradition, many airlines have been known to cancel a flight, to consolidate the numbers of passengers on board.’
    • ‘An Interior charge card task force recommended that the three parallel card systems be consolidated into a single accounting process.’
    • ‘This will mean that the nine separate land transport programmes for Auckland will be consolidated into just two for the authority and Transit New Zealand.’
    • ‘Staffers are studying how to consolidate the paper's four weekly magazines into a single Sunday magazine of up to 32 pages, she said.’
    • ‘Try consolidating a number of servers to one bigger one.’
    • ‘As a result, customers will streamline their storage management and consolidate the number of vendors they support.’
    • ‘Another argument put forward is that the number of treaties signed with each member state are so many as to create a mass of overlapping complex texts that need to be consolidated into a single overriding treaty.’
    • ‘You can lock in a fixed rate on your federal loans if you have two or more loans that can be consolidated into one.’
    • ‘And, in time, the two technologies - Workplace Messaging and Notes - will be consolidated as a single technology.’
    • ‘Three Taiwanese government-owned banks have merged in order to consolidate banking activities in the country, overcrowded by too many banks.’
    • ‘Then, in 1999, the lender suggested that the single mom consolidate her two mortgages into one.’
    combine, unite, merge, integrate, amalgamate, fuse, blend, mingle, marry, synthesize, bring together
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    1. 2.1 Combine (a number of financial accounts or funds) into a single overall account or set of accounts.
      • ‘If you have money spread around various bank deposit and building society accounts then this is as good a time as any to consolidate them into one single account.’
      • ‘Companies with subsidiaries in several countries will normally consolidate their accounts in the home country, bringing together accounting statements in a variety of currencies.’
      • ‘He has been meeting with the local banks in order to consolidate our accounts.’
      • ‘We consolidate our accounts and get lower APRs and keep devoting a percentage of our income to paying them off.’
      • ‘You can get around the cap by consolidating IRA accounts into your 401 plan if your employer allows it.’
      • ‘The new board has been instructed by cabinet to consolidate the corporation's accounts into a holding company and to settle the corporation's debts as well as its overdraft and outstanding loans.’
      • ‘He observed: to describe the right to consolidate several accounts as an example of the banker's lien is… a misuse of language.’
      • ‘The department has previously hired different advertising and media agencies for separate campaigns, but will now consolidate its account.’
      • ‘I recently got married, so I had to start looking for a bank to consolidate our accounts.’
      • ‘My spouse and I used to have the three accounts set up, but decided to consolidate to one account.’
    2. 2.2British Combine (two or more legal actions involving similar questions) into one for action by a court.
      • ‘In 1936 the Public Health Act consolidated with amendments previous enactments relating to public health.’
      • ‘The power was amended by the Criminal Justice Act 1993 and has now been consolidated into the Drug Trafficking Act 1994.’
      • ‘The new rules will consolidate existing legislation and introduce new controls on the way asbestos is handled in the workplace.’
      • ‘The final package of changes proposed responds to a need to update, consolidate, and ensure consistency across different pieces of legislation.’
      • ‘The legislation has a simple purpose: to consolidate and modernise the legislation relating to the property of the Anglican Church in the diocese of Christchurch.’
      • ‘The 1911 Copyright Act served to consolidate existing common law and legislation and brought within the copyright fold the right to perform a creative work.’
      • ‘The provisions of that Act have now been consolidated into the Clean Air Act 1993, which covers the emission of dark smoke from chimneys and industrial and trade premises.’
      • ‘Last week, the two lawsuits - together with the City's cross-complaint discussed above - were consolidated by the judge in the case.’
      • ‘Most recently the Commission has made a proposal to reform and consolidate all of the legislation in one measure.’
      • ‘The very last Major act was to consolidate the various legislation on employment rights regarding unfair dismissal, redundancy, and claims of lesser importance.’
      • ‘A Friday hearing is scheduled in Washington, D.C. by a judicial panel on multidistrict litigation to determine whether the 28 lawsuits filed might be consolidated.’
      • ‘These measures bring together, update and consolidate EU food and feed legislation.’
      • ‘The bill consolidates existing legislation relating to rail safety and expands on that legislation to address a number of deficiencies in the current rail safety legislative framework.’
      • ‘At the same time the method of rating the boards was provided for in the Local Government Act 1958, later consolidated into the General Rate Act 1967.’
      • ‘Now the Health Service Commissioners Act 1993 has consolidated these earlier statutes and governs such matters as appointment, jurisdiction and powers.’
      • ‘Most of the 1875 Act was consolidated with related legislation in the Public Health Act 1936.’


Early 16th century (in the sense ‘combine into a whole’): from Latin consolidare, from con- ‘together’ + solidare ‘make firm’ (from solidus ‘solid’).