Definition of congenital in English:

congenital

adjective

  • 1(especially of a disease or physical abnormality) present from birth.

    ‘a congenital malformation of the heart’
    • ‘Family history should be obtained to evaluate the risk of congenital disease.’
    • ‘We excluded infants with congenital abnormalities precluding enteral feeding.’
    • ‘Women with diabetes, renal disease, autoimmune disease, and congenital heart disease need intensive surveillance.’
    • ‘It can be caused by congenital defects or problems with the blood clotting.’
    • ‘Defects caused by congenital infections result when a mother gets an infection before or during the pregnancy.’
    • ‘Autopsy showed the presence of abnormal adrenal glands and multiple congenital abnormalities.’
    • ‘In terms of congenital defects, the first trimester of pregnancy is the exposure period of interest.’
    • ‘Of the 50 patients, 23 belonging to the paediatric age group had congenital diseases.’
    • ‘The proportion of neonatal deaths attributed to major genetic or congenital abnormalities has increased.’
    • ‘This is a common congenital defect of the aorta, your body's main artery.’
    • ‘Speaking of heart disease, is there a link between the risk of coronary and the risk of having a baby with a congenital abnormality?’
    • ‘After birth, the first sign of congenital heart disease is often the presence of a heart murmur.’
    • ‘Because the baby is born with them, they're known as congenital infections.’
    • ‘Disturbances in this process may produce some of the more common congenital abnormalities: the neural tube defects.’
    • ‘It is the leading cause of pregnancy loss, congenital abnormalities and mental and physical retardation.’
    • ‘Several congenital abnormalities are rendered less likely by an adequate folate intake.’
    • ‘Some cases are due to congenital syndromes and others may be related to drug use such as steroids or marijuana.’
    • ‘Read about birth defects and congenital heart disease to learn more.’
    • ‘We looked at hospital admissions data for congenital and acquired syphilis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and ectopic pregnancy.’
    • ‘There are no documented congenital diseases specific to Austrian Americans.’
    inborn, inherited, hereditary, in the blood, in the family, innate, inbred, constitutional, built-in, inbuilt, ingrown, natural, native, original, inherent, unlearned, instinctual, deep-rooted, deep-seated
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a person) having a particular trait from birth or by firmly established habit.
      ‘a congenital liar’
      • ‘I can say unequivocally that she is a congenital liar.’
      • ‘At home he is tagged a congenital loser, unable to secure a single unambiguous victory for Labor in four previous tries.’
      • ‘I accept that when some people see him in such settings they see a war criminal or a congenital liar.’
      • ‘It is a product of the congenital inferiority complex of the Scots that they cannot believe in their own creations.’
      • ‘Mary always wants her own way and, worse, is a congenital liar.’
      • ‘These people were wrong then and they have a congenital inability to admit it now.’
      • ‘Only libraries and librarians can make reading a congenital habit.’
      • ‘Even for a congenital hypocrite, he hit a high watermark this week.’
      • ‘The fact that he would have lied to inspectors back then doesn't show he's some sort of congenital liar.’
      • ‘That I have a different opinion than you doesn't mean you get to treat my like a congenital idiot.’
      inveterate, compulsive, persistent, chronic, regular, pathological, established, long-established, long-standing, hardened, confirmed, committed, seasoned, habitual, obsessive, obsessional
      View synonyms

Origin

Late 18th century: from Latin congenitus, from con- together + genitus (past participle of gignere beget) + -al.

Pronunciation:

congenital

/kənˈjenədl/