Main definitions of compound in English

: compound1compound2

compound1

noun

  • 1A thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.

    ‘the air smelled like a compound of diesel and gasoline fumes’
    • ‘There is a particular smell, a compound, I think, of floor polish and burnt egg, which I shall forever associate with boarding school.’
    • ‘During these processes, the energy from these compounds can be released for use by the body or stored in body tissues, especially the liver, muscles, and body fat.’
    • ‘Pyrolized Mobil jet oil showed the greatest complex pattern, with overlapping peaks indicating poor separation of compounds.’
    • ‘Improvements were made over the years to the syntheses of all these compounds, but I'm not going to go into the details.’
    • ‘Very often farmers will have to choose between a blend or a true compound.’
    • ‘An enormous number of naturally occurring and synthetic compounds are known to be photosensitizers commonly used in photobiological studies.’
    • ‘In the last 100 years, humans have introduced hundreds of new, synthetic compounds into the environment.’
    • ‘He prepared mixtures of many compounds, which he used to paint his posters.’
    • ‘Simply stated an object composed of many compounds can have one frequency.’
    • ‘These two fears compose a powerful compound - sufficient to prop up governments everywhere on earth for several millennia.’
    • ‘A brick's color can be attributed to its clay composition, any added compounds, its firing temperature and any surface treatments.’
    • ‘Now the sophistication of the device has authorities pretty rattled, especially as a unique mixture of explosive compounds was involved.’
    • ‘The most popular gallery was the one dedicated to works in chocolate, spices, birdseed and so on, the smell a compound of the enticing and the fetid.’
    • ‘Also, the relative amounts of the different compounds of the mixture tend to be more even, which is reflected in lower dominance values.’
    • ‘It is easier to identify a specific target with newer sensitizers, as these tend to be a pure compound rather than a mixture.’
    • ‘A small sample of the compound (or a mixture of compounds) is placed in a strong magnetic field.’
    • ‘The two sets of compounds are separated by partitioning a mixture between phosphate buffer and ether.’
    • ‘If the different compounds of a mixture act synergistically, greater toxicity or deterrence may result.’
    • ‘Many of these are natural and found in food at doses millions of times greater than those to which we are exposed by synthetic compounds.’
    • ‘Quick-setting cement compounds are a mixture of cement, sand and other ingredients, and are designed to mix with water.’
    amalgam, amalgamation, combination, composite, blend, mixture, mix, admixture, meld, fusion, synthesis, consolidation
    alloy
    hybrid
    mash-up
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A substance formed from two or more elements chemically united in fixed proportions.
      ‘a compound of hydrogen and oxygen’
      • ‘Chemists most often use distillation to separate and purify compounds in a mixture.’
      • ‘Exhaust gases include harmful volatile organic compounds or hydrocarbons, chemicals such as nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide.’
      • ‘This energy is used to produce new organic compounds form carbon dioxide, and thus enables bacteria to grow and divide in the absence of light.’
      • ‘Metals usually make positive ions when the compounds are dissolved in solution.’
      • ‘When a halogen combines with another element, the resulting compound is called a halide.’
      • ‘Organic compounds and other covalently bonded molecules do not dissolve well in water.’
      • ‘Chemical forces are forces caused by other compounds or molecules that act on substances.’
      • ‘Chemistry is the study of elements and compounds and interactions between substances.’
      • ‘The empirical formula of a compound is that which is obtained through laboratory research.’
      • ‘Once the active chemical compound has been identified, its molecular structure must be determined.’
      • ‘For this he designed and produced an aromatic chemical compound.’
      • ‘Dr. Miller says a compound called nitric oxide is known to play a role in the dilation of the endothelium.’
      • ‘Diesel particulate matter consists of soot mixed with anything from volatile organic compounds to sulphur and nitrous oxides.’
      • ‘But so far only 120 plant derived chemical compounds have been developed into modern drugs.’
      • ‘When they do so, they form ionic compounds.’
      • ‘Nitrogenous compounds have become a major global pollutant in freshwater and estuarine ecosystems.’
      • ‘The layers of plants and animals slowly broke down into simple substances called hydrocarbons, compounds of hydrogen and carbon.’
      • ‘These substances are compounds because the molecules that make it up have two kinds of atoms.’
      • ‘Also, the burning of methane turns the carbon in it into a compound (carbon dioxide) that is far less potent as a greenhouse gas.’
      • ‘Substitution reactions of organic compounds can also involve free radicals.’
    2. 1.2 A word made up of two or more existing words, such as steamship.
      • ‘Lexicalisation doesn't have to involve making up a new word, it could be a compound, or an existing word could be broadened.’
      • ‘The name is a compound of two words meaning The Vine of Death or The Vine of the Spirits.’
      • ‘It's certainly not a compound, and I can't imagine what two meanings might be evoked by this word in order to produce the intended effect.’
      • ‘We also included some compounds with self-, like the ubiquitous self-identify, which has a number of uses.’
      • ‘In New Zealand the word Maori was productive in forming compounds: Maori axe, Maori welcome, Maori scone, Maori council, and so on.’
      • ‘They really are all around us, these compounds that are six nouns deep or more.’
      • ‘They can be used as components of compounds, but if they are used on their own they must be used with possessive prefixes.’
      • ‘It's not the dictionary term I may or may not vaguely remember, which was not a German compound.’
      • ‘The first case concerns the use of a noun as a modifier in a compound.’
      • ‘Compounds of conditionals are a hard problem for everyone.’
      • ‘American English has the general term car for railway vehicles, which British English only uses in compounds, such as restaurant car or sleeping car.’
      • ‘When two words are joined together, the resultant compound cannot be interpreted on the basis of the separate, individual components.’
      • ‘You could compare this to an English compound like ‘chair lift’.’
      • ‘The Oxford English Dictionary lists 125 compounds of the word ‘snow’ alone!’
      • ‘Names for body parts such as ai ‘eye’ and maus ‘mouth’ are used as metaphors in many pidgins and Creoles, and occur quite often in compounds.’
      • ‘Terms like megastore or hypertext are also called compounds, because they are combinations of free-standing words with prefixes or suffixes.’
      • ‘The orthography was developed by Nance from the surviving texts, and vocabulary is extended by analogizing from Breton and Welsh and forming compounds from existing words.’
      • ‘Here's a brief listing of some of the many compounds starting in cyber.’

adjective

Pronunciation /ˈkämˌpound//kəmˈpound/
  • 1Made up or consisting of several parts or elements, in particular.

    • ‘The difference is that the compound exercises utilise other muscles which likewise adapt.’
    • ‘Our experts are in accord: Nothing builds legs like squats because they're a compound movement that stimulates all major muscles of the legs.’
    • ‘He said that had the hospital done so, a compound skull fracture would have been detected and there would have been earlier referral for neurosurgery.’
    • ‘He used a simple microscope, although compound microscopes were available at the time.’
    • ‘Try doing extensions before doing dips or close-grip benches; in this way, you pre-exhaust your tris and focus the compound lifts more on your arms.’
    • ‘And if the arm must be straight before the initiation of the lunge in a compound attack, why shouldn't it be straight before the initiation of the lunge in a simple attack?’
    • ‘Some may criticize me for overloading my workouts with compound movements, which may prevent me from properly concentrating on isolated muscles and detail.’
    • ‘The final stained embryos were mounted on slides and examined under a digital compound microscope.’
    • ‘He had a skull fracture, was in serious shock and had a compound leg fracture.’
    • ‘You seem to have this compound conception of what it means for civil society to be engaged in a movement, as opposed to focusing on an individual leader or a particular party.’
    • ‘These multifaceted compound moves work your quads, hamstrings and glutes in one shot.’
    • ‘My previously injured left leg sustained a compound fracture, and I was devastated.’
    • ‘Because I've been training for 25 years, people assume I work out old-school style with mostly barbells and compound lifts.’
    • ‘The compound effect of this annual growth is to double productivity and wealth production every 35 years.’
    1. 1.1 (of a word) made up of two or more existing words or elements.
      ‘a compound noun’
      • ‘When you have two different elements, there are usually only two words in the compound name.’
      • ‘He did so by combining two complex ideas - or at least two abstract compound nouns - in a new way.’
      • ‘Too bad we can't hear the pronunciation: does any gate also have compound pronunciation, like anyway?’
      • ‘The compound term bloc-notes is an old one, whose meaning strikes me as rather inappropriate as a basis for extension to blogging.’
      • ‘I was about to take my colleague to task for failing to hyphenate ‘best known’ when using it as a compound adjective.’
      • ‘That is, they cannot be used in isolation but must occur either as part of a compound word or with a possessive prefix.’
      • ‘The compound nouns are chasing the adverbs out of the language.’
      • ‘So in this pundit's view, the spelling determines compound status and thus the plural.’
      • ‘The new company about to be born will have a compound name.’
      composite, complex
      blended, fused, synthesized, compounded, combined
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 (of interest) payable on both capital and the accumulated interest.
      ‘compound interest’
      Compare with simple
      • ‘After all, it's silly to spend $300 billion today when, after compound interest, it will be worth $500 billion in a few decades.’
      • ‘This is where compound interest calculators can be so useful, provided you don't get carried away with outlandish annual growth rates.’
      • ‘Effectively, their Lordships' decision enables banks to charge compound interest even at the penalty rate chargeable upon the customer's default.’
      • ‘One easy way to use interest to your advantage is to understand and apply the magic of compound interest.’
      • ‘Taxpayers, however, run into problems because of the city's high compound interest rate applied to unpaid amounts - a steep 18 per cent a year.’
      • ‘The effect of compound interest, Einstein's ‘eighth wonder of the world’, can also be seen.’
      • ‘For the hero of Mark Twain's story things came a relatively easily, but the rest of us must rely on the ‘miracle’ of compound interest.’
      • ‘The current three-year issue pays a compound interest rate of 1.05 % over inflation.’
      • ‘So should we all assume a lower growth rate when playing with our compound interest calculators?’
      • ‘Given the power of compound interest and plenty of patience, even people on a modest income can become much richer.’
      • ‘Because ultimately, you know, the miracle of compound interest becomes a nightmare.’
      • ‘The bank rate, which garners much attention as an indicator of the health and direction of the economy, is a compound interest rate.’
      • ‘The current three-year issue pays a compound interest rate of 1.05% over inflation.’
      • ‘Thanks to the power of compound interest, the longer that you invest, the greater your gain.’
      • ‘Under private accounts, saving at younger ages counts more than saving at older ages because early savings have more years to accumulate compound interest.’
      • ‘Some experimentation with our compound interest calculators can then show you how your investment plans are bearing up.’
      • ‘As simplistic as this may sound, she instinctively understands the power of compound interest.’
      • ‘This highlights the very significant role played by compound rates of interest.’
      • ‘And why not take advantage of compound interest while you're at it?’
      • ‘You can also try putting a few numbers into our compound interest calculator.’
    3. 1.3Biology (especially of a leaf, flower, or eye) consisting of two or more simple parts or individuals in combination.
      • ‘Leaves are opposite on the stem and mostly compound with three to five leaflets.’
      • ‘The female reproductive structures of flowers are the carpels, which are either free, or are fused to form a compound ovary.’
      • ‘These specialized plants generally have spike-like compound inflorescences, comprised of paired cymules of tiny flowers that are sessile within succulent free or fused bracts.’
      • ‘Leymus chinensis flowers are hermaphroditic and arranged in compound spikes.’
      • ‘The buckwheat inflorescence is a compound raceme that produces laterally flowered cymose clusters, the number of which was affected by the position of the inflorescence along the main stem.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
Pronunciation /kəmˈpound//ˈkämˌpound/
  • 1Make up (a composite whole); constitute.

    ‘a dialect compounded of Spanish and Dutch’
    • ‘Society is compounded of all kinds of interests and meanings involved with social action.’
    • ‘It was compounded of loose soil to be sure, but also of a great deal more, including soot and ashes and street litter, and the fecal matter of the legion horses on whom all transport in London depended.’
    • ‘All animals are compounded of various organs, each of which exercising a separate function, and in a manner peculiar to itself, concurs to the preservation of the whole.’
    • ‘His style was compounded of elements drawn from Titian, Dürer, and Parmigianino, whose prints he copied.’
    • ‘At the sight of them a rude, equally animal resentment rises in me, compounded of shame, fear, and ignoble joy not to be one of them.’
    • ‘That illusion, like the touching belief that one party is always better than the other, is compounded of near-equal parts naiveté and cynicism.’
    • ‘The renouncers' attitude was compounded of dark bitterness and bright hope.’
    • ‘All propositions are simple or compounded of simples.’
    • ‘The horrifying scene was compounded of darkness, silhouettes of mountains, and beyond the mountains, a red glow which rose to the sky, from remote fires.’
    • ‘We can see wave movements not just compounded of different qualities but compounded of different, even noncontiguous, spaces.’
    • ‘This is effectively a pot of stew originally compounded of cheap cuts of mutton, potatoes, and onions.’
    be composed of, be made up of, be constituted of, be formed from
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Mix or combine (ingredients or constituents)
      ‘yellow pastas compounded with lemon zest or saffron’
      • ‘We compounded the mixture of the medicinal herbs according to the season and the patient's condition.’
      • ‘The pharmacist then compounds the necessary ingredients and dispenses the medication to the patient.’
      • ‘We compound various strengths and combinations of thyroid hormone.’
      • ‘When we compound prescriptions, we mix ingredients specific to each patient's needs.’
      • ‘As Greek pharmacists found that there was more money to be made in compounding and mixing cosmetics, physicians were compelled out of necessity to return to making their own drugs.’
      mix, combine, blend, put together, amalgamate, alloy, fuse, synthesize, coalesce, mingle, meld, intermingle
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Calculate (interest) on previously accumulated interest.
      ‘the yield at which the interest is compounded’
      • ‘Compounded annually, that growth rate is dramatic.’
      • ‘While I'm puttering around playing with words, other people are investing and accumulating and feathering their nests and compounding their interest.’
      • ‘Contract law principles may require such interest to be compounded so as to award the plaintiff the benefit of the bargain.’
      • ‘I-Bonds deliver a guaranteed rate of interest above the inflation rate and the interest they earn is compounded semiannually.’
      • ‘The savings will earn an interest rate of 5 per cent compounded annually.’
      • ‘The AER shows what the notional interest rate would be if the interest was compounded and paid once a year.’
      • ‘Interest was to be compounded in accordance with the bank's current practice from time to time.’
      • ‘He further concluded that interest could continue to be compounded even after a bank had demanded repayment or called up the loan.’
      • ‘Interest on these bonds is accumulated monthly and compounded every six months.’
      • ‘This may be because not only is the Royal Bank of Scotland rate currently pitched below that of its rivals HSBC and Barclays, but for some bizarre reason the interest is not compounded.’
      • ‘Each thread compounds interest on half the loans in a database.’
  • 2Make (something bad) worse; intensify the negative aspects of.

    ‘I compounded the problem by trying to make wrong things right’
    • ‘Little or no analysis is done and poor planning is compounded by even worse implementation strategies.’
    • ‘When it is compounded by the anxiety that accompanies panic disorder, the patient and physician have a delicate situation on their hands.’
    • ‘The paper also points out that individual land uses often interact synergistically, compounding their negative effect on habitats and birds.’
    • ‘Thus her social status compounds her gender injustice.’
    • ‘Some horse owners actually compound the negative effects by adding corn oil to the horse's diet thinking that it offers a beneficial source of energy.’
    • ‘It simply compounds the strategic errors at the very top of the party.’
    • ‘The nighttime pilot must deal with all the visual challenges common in daylight, compounded with a whole new set of challenges resulting from darkness.’
    • ‘It merely compounds the problem as interest on your outstanding loans accumulates.’
    • ‘Major problems in agriculture and structural difficulties in the eurozone compounded the negative effects from slower global trade.’
    • ‘Adolescents seek to relieve tension through risk behaviors such as substance use that only compound the negative psychological and physical toll.’
    • ‘The potential problem of reduced access revenue in a more competitive environment is compounded by the negative outlook for media and advertising services revenue.’
    • ‘But the report merely compounds the confusion by never once defining its terms.’
    • ‘Sometimes stresses outside the gym compound the situation.’
    • ‘His uncouth son who shows no respect to his illiterate father compounds the dilemma.’
    • ‘All of this is compounded by the fact that the whole stalking and lurking phase of these sequences is tedious and suspense-free.’
    • ‘Inflation and tax will eat into the value of any savings, and a poor interest rate will only compound this.’
    • ‘Management crises are compounding the problems.’
    • ‘This is further compounded by varying ideas of what constitutes proper and improper dress.’
    • ‘The lack of sanitation facilities compounds the trauma of displacement and loss.’
    • ‘It compounds the potential inarticulateness of boys.’
    aggravate, worsen, make worse, add to, augment, exacerbate, intensify, heighten, increase, magnify
    View synonyms
  • 3Law
    dated Forbear from prosecuting (a felony) in exchange for money or other consideration.

    • ‘Since the effect of compounding an offence is that of acquittal, the perpetrators would also know that they cannot be tried again for the same offence.’
    1. 3.1 Settle (a debt or other matter) in exchange for money or other consideration.
      ‘he compounded the case with the defendant for a cash payment’

Usage

The sense of the verb compound that means ‘worsen,’ as in this compounds their problems, has an interesting history. It arose through a misinterpretation of the phrase compound a felony, which, strictly speaking, means ‘forbear from prosecuting a felony in exchange for money or other consideration.’ The ‘incorrect’ sense has become the usual one in legal uses and, by extension, in general senses too, and is now accepted as part of standard English

Origin

Late Middle English compoune (verb), from Old French compoun-, present tense stem of compondre, from Latin componere put together The final -d was added in the 16th century on the pattern of expound and propound.

Pronunciation

compound

Noun/ˈkämˌpound/

compound

Adjective/ˈkämˌpound//kəmˈpound/

compound

Verb/kəmˈpound//ˈkämˌpound/

Main definitions of compound in English

: compound1compound2

compound2

noun

  • An open area enclosed by a fence, for example around a factory or large house or within a prison.

    • ‘The 11 men, 15 women and three children entered the school premises through a hole cut in a wire fence surrounding the school compound.’
    • ‘Once within your compound's adobe walls you never really need to re-emerge.’
    • ‘Classes of school children assembled in front of the embassy and attached telegrams of condolence to the fence that surrounds the compound.’
    • ‘The villages are rather compact, consisting of groups of compounds enclosed by millet-stalk fences.’
    • ‘The temple compound is an example of a traditional temple.’
    • ‘American diplomatic staff took refuge in a safe area within the compound.’
    • ‘People are free to meditate anywhere within the compound.’
    • ‘Within an enclosed compound, you discover a pristine, high-ceilinged exhibition space that occupies a renovated factory building.’
    • ‘At present an average 220 monks and novices live within the temple compound.’
    • ‘Sensitive areas within compounds have also been given extra protection while electronic scanning of staff, visitors and vehicles entering sites has been stepped up.’
    • ‘If the elites continue to ignore the hard realities faced by a growing majority of us, they'll need to build mighty high fences around their own compounds.’
    • ‘Within the compound, the officials were able to protect some of the rare trees and other plant species.’
    • ‘Within seconds the compound was swarming with scientists, examining every room in the place.’
    • ‘The enclosures were located within a compound covered with plastic mesh to exclude large predators.’
    • ‘The arrangement of space is quite unique in that the longtang houses are built on a street but are divided into sub-lanes within the compound.’
    • ‘The 29 broke into the school premises Wednesday through a hole cut in a wire fence surrounding the compound.’
    • ‘These four temples have a meditation hall and a major monks' training center within the same compound.’
    • ‘Whoever had been seeking refuge within the compound's razor-wire-topped walls had been forced to leave in a hurry.’
    • ‘The bomb was believed to have been planted in a minibus parked outside the walled embassy compound and detonated remotely.’
    • ‘Low coral walls fence their homes but please ask permission before photographing families at home within these compounds.’

Origin

Late 17th century (referring to such an area in Southeast Asia): from Portuguese campon or Dutch kampoeng, from Malay kampong enclosure, hamlet; compare with kampong.

Pronunciation

compound

/ˈkämˌpound/