Definition of compost in English:

compost

noun

  • 1Decayed organic material used as a plant fertilizer.

    • ‘For best performance amend the soil with organic matter such as compost before planting.’
    • ‘Even with Betty's method of making compost, some ingredients tend to smell.’
    • ‘Mulch in late winter with any organic material such as home-made compost, leaf mould or composted bark.’
    • ‘I recycle all my fruit and vegetable scraps to make compost for my garden.’
    • ‘My job was to add fresh compost to the rows to make them rich for planting.’
    • ‘Making leaf mould is different to making general garden compost in that only the leaves are used.’
    • ‘Even a newbie to composting can make good quality compost.’
    • ‘Mulch with an organic material such as compost or alfalfa hay.’
    • ‘Place in a well-lit spot and keep the compost lightly moist.’
    • ‘Place in a conservatory or warm greenhouse and keep the compost moist.’
    • ‘Add a little compost to the soil and fork in lightly, mulch and water.’
    • ‘Mix plenty of compost into the soil, or grow the trees in raised beds.’
    • ‘Amend soil regularly with compost and apply organic mulches continually to enrich your soil.’
    • ‘I watered the planting area for each one with several litres of water, then added some fresh compost.’
    • ‘Garden compost is not really suitable for this purpose because it contains weed seeds.’
    • ‘There is no fertilizer better than compost, and you can make it yourself for free!’
    • ‘I dug big planting holes, though, and mixed large amounts of compost into the backfill.’
    • ‘If it's bad, mix 1 cubic foot of compost into the backfill.’
    • ‘They spread the compost before plowing in the spring.’
    • ‘Adding compost to heavy clay soil improves drainage by improving soil structure.’
    fertilizer, plant food, dressing, organic matter, vegetable waste, humus, peat
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A mixture of decayed organic material with loam and/or other ingredients, used as a growing medium.
      • ‘Stock up on compost, potting soil and fertilizers, or find and haul these materials from local sources to create your own.’
      • ‘Five plants were grown in each 25 cm diameter pot, using commercial potting compost supplemented by liquid fertilizer.’
      • ‘Ingredients in commercial composts include various kinds of animal manures and lawn and garden wastes.’
      • ‘Similarly, it is always best to use new potting compost when sowing seeds or transplanting seedlings.’
      • ‘In a nutshell, you plant the tubers sandwiched between layers of multipurpose potting compost.’
      • ‘With the gardening season now getting into full swing, the trust is urging people to only use peat-free composts in their gardens.’
      • ‘Gardening is our fastest growing pastime and the demand for composts is greater than ever - still largely met by commercial peat extraction.’
      • ‘Used only in a do-it-myself mixture of seed compost, a single bag of peat lasted nearly a decade.’
      • ‘There are plenty of bacteria, fungi, and other critters in a shovelful of soil or finished compost to get things cooking.’
      • ‘He starts by filling the pot or seed tray with a mixture of seed compost and perlite (which helps aeration and drainage).’
      • ‘Alternatively, chemically-treated composts are available, which are said to keep vine weevils at bay for 12 months, or proprietary insecticides which work for about six months.’
      • ‘In the croft garden we always use peat-free composts and prefer those made from composted bark.’
      • ‘Sow some of the seed in a pot with multi-purpose compost or in a row in the garden.’
      fertilizer, plant food, dressing, organic matter, vegetable waste, humus, peat
      View synonyms

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Make (vegetable matter or manure) into compost.

    ‘don't compost heavily infested plants’
    • ‘They bent their shoulders and backs to compost hay, manure, and field stubble, and transplanted plants from the woods into their own yards.’
    • ‘All through the summer I've been collecting and composting the used coffee grounds from work.’
    • ‘When crops are growing in the fields, the manure is composted and applied to the land later.’
    • ‘At this time of year it's also important to regularly remove dead flowers and leaves from plants and then compost this material for later return of the nutrients to the beds.’
    • ‘They share a powerful shredder, and compost all healthy plant material.’
    • ‘It's best not to compost fruit and leaves unless you know your pile gets hot enough to kill the pests.’
    • ‘It is unlikely there will now be much left in our grey bin, given that my household already recycles many other waste items and composts green and kitchen waste.’
    • ‘He filled the tanks with a mix of 3 parts composted organic matter and 1 part each soil, sand, and pumice.’
    • ‘This involved separating their waste into bins for glass, tins and paper, then composting suitable material.’
    • ‘You can compost fruits, vegetables, tea bags and coffee grounds, as well as leaf and yard waste.’
    • ‘You could use horse manure, but make sure it is composted.’
    • ‘Most other plant residues can be composted, if you have a well-maintained compost pile which generates enough heat to kill disease pathogens.’
    • ‘The only environmentally acceptable way to improve the earth is to compost banana peels and recycle soy milk cartons.’
    • ‘As municipalities launch programs to collect and compost household food waste, interest in degradable plastics is on the rise.’
    • ‘Any manure, hay or other organic material must be composted fully before usage to make sure it contains no surviving and active seeds to add to your problems.’
    • ‘During the composting season, check your bin regularly to assure optimum moisture and aeration are present in the material being composted.’
    • ‘If the industry was serious about conserving supplies it would invest in water saving devices or compost the manure but that might cut profits, so they don't.’
    • ‘One of the easiest ways for a household to reduce their level of waste is to start composting their rubbish.’
    • ‘As another continuing farm project, Mark uses worms to compost cow manure and coffee hulls.’
    • ‘Finally, the district will soon be getting a grant for vermi-composting, which uses worms to compost organic matter.’
    1. 1.1 Treat (soil) with compost.
      ‘we turned clay soil into almost workable soil by composting it’
      • ‘It climbs by means of tendrils and is best grown in a composted soil supported by a fence or trellis.’
      • ‘For those of you who suffer from an inordinate amount of clay in your soil, composting is the answer.’
      • ‘They like shade and composted soil and plenty of water.’
      • ‘When planting tulip or daffodil bulbs in a formal display it pays to make sure that the soil has been well composted and forked over beforehand.’
      • ‘He saw how well the tomatoes flourished in that dark composted soil.’
      add fertilizer to, enrich with fertilizer, feed, mulch, compost, manure, dung, dress, top-dress
      View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French composte, from Latin composita, compositum ‘something put together’, feminine and neuter past participle of componere.

Pronunciation

compost

/ˈkɑmˌpoʊst//ˈkämˌpōst/