Definition of composition in US English:

composition

noun

  • 1The nature of something's ingredients or constituents; the way in which a whole or mixture is made up.

    ‘the social composition of villages’
    • ‘Later Surveyor missions carried analytical instrumentation to determine the chemical composition of the soil samples.’
    • ‘But the exact composition of this mixture varies from person to person, depending on body chemistry and diet.’
    • ‘The ingredient and nutrient composition of the basal diet is presented in Tables 1 and 2.’
    • ‘We are determined that the Armed Forces should better reflect the ethnic composition of the British population.’
    • ‘Currently, we create so much CO 2 this way that we are changing the chemical composition of the atmosphere.’
    • ‘Tourism has also accelerated immigration to Panajachel and furthered a gradual diversification in its social composition.’
    • ‘Well, the concern and the uncertainty that we're facing now is that we're not sure about the nature of the chemical composition of the magma that is involved in driving this thing.’
    • ‘Although their body fat was not reduced, the addition of the lean mass altered their body composition.’
    • ‘In tumors with heterogeneous cellularity, fields were selected to reflect the whole tumor composition.’
    • ‘Underlying that growth was a dramatic shift in the ethnic composition of the population.’
    • ‘Sojourner analyzed the chemical composition of fifteen rocks using its alpha proton X-ray spectrometer.’
    • ‘For that reason the isotope composition of the labelling solution was determined.’
    • ‘The materials alchemists used were typically impure mixtures whose composition varied according the site from which they originated.’
    • ‘Though the clothes themselves are ordinary garments, they are by the nature of their composition all individual.’
    • ‘Finally, long-term cholesterol depletion could initiate compensatory changes in membrane lipid composition.’
    • ‘The cumulative effect, over billions of years, is to change the elemental composition of the universe.’
    • ‘As diagenetic growth of authigenic apatite continues within a bone, the isotopic composition of the whole bone will trend towards a purely diagenetic signal.’
    • ‘Endogenous LS is a complex, multicomponent mixture, the precise composition of which is still not completely defined.’
    • ‘One such question has to do with the composition of the atmosphere as observed by Huygens.’
    • ‘Immigration policy has produced an extraordinary change in the ethnic composition of the U.S. population.’
    make-up, constitution, configuration, structure, construction, conformation, formation, form, framework, fabric, anatomy, arrangement, organization, format, layout
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    1. 1.1 The action of putting things together; formation or construction.
      ‘the composition of a new government was announced’
      • ‘The importance of understanding the factors that play a part in EI formation and composition is critical to EI research.’
      • ‘Special attention should be paid to the problem of composition of the formations engaged in blockades.’
      formation, structure, organization
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    2. 1.2 A thing composed of various elements.
      ‘a theory is a composition of interrelated facts’
      • ‘Certain alloy compositions, however, exhibit a peculiar transformation on quenching.’
      • ‘They show some variation towards more evolved compositions, as suggested by the variation in incompatible elements.’
      • ‘It is important for heavy sections to be well inoculated and to be made from a composition low in trace elements.’
      • ‘Interpretation of elements and whole compositions often varies according to the informant.’
      • ‘He explained the true nature of man: a composition of elements which arise and then fall away immediately and which are devoid of an abiding substance, of a self.’
      • ‘The whole composition of pavilions and paving lacks design coherency.’
      • ‘For calibration, a series of glass standards was chosen that corresponded closely to the major element compositions of the melt inclusions and matrix glasses.’
      • ‘The range of elemental compositions displayed by individual glass shards combined with the consistency of many trace element ratios are characteristics of the Minoan glass.’
      • ‘Each of the burglars represents an aspect of the criminal subconscious, crime as a composition of elements.’
      • ‘Scientists analyze the minerals and compositions of certain distinctive elements of the dust to identify its origin.’
      • ‘Nominal compositions of the principal alloys are listed in Table 1.’
      • ‘The construction system reinforces this notion, with building elements being carefully articulated and assembled into a composition of plane and frame.’
      • ‘The invention further comprises compositions incorporating the above compound.’
      • ‘A list of selected wrought copper alloy compositions and their properties is given in Table 1.’
      • ‘This invention also relates to pharmaceutical compositions comprising these compounds.’
      amalgamation, amalgam, merger, union, blend, mixture, mix, mingling, meld, fusion, fusing, compound, alloy, marriage, weave, coalescence, coalition, pooling, integration, conjunction, incorporation, synthesis, composite, concoction
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    3. 1.3archaic Mental constitution; character.
      ‘persons who have a touch of madness in their composition’
      • ‘However, treatment may work differently in children, according to the severity of the trauma, a child's mental composition, and the availability of support.’
    4. 1.4often as modifier A compound artificial substance, especially one serving the purpose of a natural one.
      ‘composition flooring’
      • ‘So it was soon banned as was hard composition rubber.’
      • ‘Solid vinyl tile is a non-backed product that contains higher levels of vinyl resins, plasticizers and stabilizers than composition tile.’
      • ‘Nickel alloys are normally welded with matching composition filler metals.’
      • ‘In high-traffic areas, Kastner says he uses modular carpet for high-wear areas and vinyl composition tile for corridors with less traffic.’
      • ‘We looked at copper, composition shingles, slate and concrete, and finally decided on rubber shingles made entirely from recycled tires.’
      • ‘A new, 500-space parking lot is hidden amid grassy dunes on which saltgrass is growing in durable composition material.’
      • ‘Wood composition sheathing may be glued to polyurethane and isocyanurate slabs of insulation in the same way as EPS panels.’
      • ‘Excessive heat build-up in an attic can shorten the longevity of composition roof shingles by causing premature evaporation of the oils in the asphalt.’
      • ‘A particular problem with composition shingles is that due to the heat-softening, they become very prone to damage.’
      • ‘For example, composition tile consists of a vinyl surface with a separate backing.’
      mixture, compound, amalgam, blend, mix, admixture
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    5. 1.5Linguistics The formation of words into a compound word.
      • ‘These include word identification, syntactic parsing, and semantic composition of word meanings.’
    6. 1.6Mathematics The successive application of functions to a variable, the value of the first function being the argument of the second, and so on.
      ‘composition of functions, when defined, is associative’
      • ‘He continued to study functional analysis applications to integral equations producing a large number of papers on composition and permutable functions.’
      • ‘Let's assume that we have some function which we can choose to write as a composition.’
    7. 1.7Physics The process of finding the resultant of a number of forces.
      • ‘An important consideration about the composition of forces is that the contribution of the several forces acting cannot be determined from information about the resultant motion.’
      • ‘Are the laws of acceleration and composition of forces nothing but arbitrary conventions?’
  • 2A work of music, literature, or art.

    ‘Chopin's most romantic compositions’
    • ‘It was later recognised as one of the iconic compositions of classical music.’
    • ‘His compositions comprise mainly chamber music, including string quartets and accompanied keyboard sonatas.’
    • ‘Itsuko Hasegawa, one of Japan's most widely respected architects, likens making architecture to the act of creating a poem or a musical composition.’
    • ‘These include various compositions by Bach, Mozart, Schumann, Haydn, Beethoven and Purcell.’
    • ‘Mention the word ‘étude,’ and compositions by Chopin, Debussy or Czerny may come to mind.’
    • ‘Because he wrote equally as well for the orchestra, the piano orchestral works are compositions all serious musicians should explore.’
    • ‘Musical compositions accompanying each piece help set the mood.’
    • ‘Despite the complex rhythms of his compositions, Stravinsky's music is imbued with the spirit of the dance, and it was not just in the scores written specifically for ballet that he produced ideal ballet music.’
    • ‘A song, of course, is a musical composition, a poem or ballad; a ballad is a short narrative poem adopted for reciting or for singing.’
    • ‘One rarely associates the term ‘programmatic music’ with the compositions of Johannes Brahms.’
    • ‘Each of her dances, however, was created around different music, ranging from the baroque compositions of Johann Pachelbel to local folk songs.’
    • ‘There are also educational pieces, numerous compositions of chamber music and two concertos.’
    • ‘It's a neat trick, actually, and sidesteps the innate structure that pervades dance music's more epic compositions.’
    • ‘He maintains clarity of form in the very nuclei of his compositions, namely the melodies that he derives from folk songs and dances, and transfers this to a larger scale.’
    • ‘Their repertoire spans from traditional Chinese music to contemporary Canadian compositions, and other cross-cultural pieces.’
    • ‘This made it an object of desire in the homes of the fast-growing bourgeoisie, creating a market greedy for the sheet music of Chopin's compositions that poured into the shops.’
    • ‘Josef Suk can always be counted upon to produce good, well crafted and melodious music and these three compositions certainly live up to that description.’
    • ‘At the same time, he fully recognises the impact of existing music on his own compositions.’
    • ‘On a couple of tracks, he added a heavy dose of jazz in between his chamber music compositions.’
    • ‘Such motives form the basis for his musical compositions, especially the operas.’
    work of art, work, creation, artistic work, literary work, musical work, opus, oeuvre, piece, arrangement
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    1. 2.1 The action or art of producing a work of music, literature, or art.
      ‘the technical aspects of composition’
      • ‘It's an enjoyable experience in its own right and with a high standard of composition and performance the album could be ‘Music to watch clouds by’.’
      • ‘He brought his political commitment and his many talents - photography, journalism and music composition - to film-making.’
      • ‘After the radio performance, the RTÉ producers encouraged the girls to continue to work together, as it was felt that they have an obvious talent for composition and performance.’
      • ‘The other contests the students had to vie in were designing a book cover, radio jockeying, poetry composition, hairstyle, make-up, modelling and recitation.’
      • ‘All of this work furthered my composition of new prose poems.’
      • ‘Formal study followed at Latrobe University developing interests in 20th century composition, Jazz and Music from other cultures.’
      • ‘I preferred to study harmony, counterpoint and composition.’
      • ‘Esch decided to return to his prior vocation as an adjunct professor of prose composition at Harvard.’
      • ‘Therefore, no objective standard exists for the composition or development of music.’
      • ‘I'm deeply concerned with harmony, and yet it is the aspect of composition that is the most predetermined methodically.’
      • ‘They can endure anguish as they go through the process of composition.’
      • ‘In spite of his many talents and activities, he never lost sight of his primary mission - the composition of serious concert music.’
      • ‘Its singing melodies, rocking accompaniments and romantic harmonies advance the composition of nocturnes from Field to Chopin.’
      • ‘It has a profound effect on literary composition.’
      • ‘Musicians will gain a broad range of skills including technology, performance, composition and music business.’
      • ‘Experience the process of composition of the art.’
      • ‘At one level, no doubt, we could say that everything in a poet's life becomes integral to the composition of the poem, whatever the form or genre.’
      • ‘Once you started writing, what effect did music have upon the composition of the poems and what composers might have influenced your work?’
      • ‘The selections have been arranged roughly in chronological order, by year of composition, a format that works surprisingly well.’
      • ‘The notes are a bit dry but not technical and offer some educational insights into the composition of the music.’
      writing, creation, devising, making up, thinking up, framing, formulation, production, fashioning, origination, invention, concoction, compilation
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    2. 2.2 An essay, especially one written by a school or college student.
      • ‘Results supporting this hypothesis are presented from analyses of 114 compositions written by French and Japanese background learners of English.’
      • ‘When I teach college composition to ESL students, I spend much of my time thinking about linguistic matters.’
      • ‘Written compositions will show a familiarity with informal, spoken English.’
      • ‘But CStar is not limited to writing compositions for class.’
      • ‘In the English syllabus I enjoyed writing compositions, but I didn't really like sentence analysis.’
      • ‘The flag was saluted, cheers given for the King and senior classes were given the task of writing a composition on the greatness of the British Empire.’
      • ‘We began writing compositions in school when I was 11 or 12.’
      • ‘Judging from school compositions, he was writing and talking like this when he was eleven.’
      • ‘The author subsequently met with six 10-year-olds, and asked them to write a composition about their school.’
      • ‘I recall once going over a five-page composition I'd written for his class and counting over thirty be-verbs.’
      • ‘When I was at school in the 1940s and 50s, we were asked to write compositions on how we would spend this leisure time and what kind of tourism we would like to see developed.’
      • ‘We did not use newspaper, as the students' compositions would be much more visible on the plain surface than on ‘busy’ newsprint.’
      • ‘Our homework from Friday was to write a composition on our dream for the world with a forward from Dr. Martian Luther King's speech at the top.’
      • ‘All through school I loved to write reports and compositions, but never anything that would reveal the feelings going on inside me.’
      • ‘It was all a dream - as we used to say at the end of our compositions in elementary school.’
      • ‘You know, sitting down to write about the weekend is a bit like being back at school and told to write a composition on ‘What I Did During The Holidays’.’
      • ‘The sources of data included oral interviews, written compositions, and letters.’
      • ‘The study employed a total of five morphological and syntactic structures as unmarked and marked error types in two student compositions and investigated 40 professors' reactions to them.’
      • ‘The choice of compositions offered to ordinary-level students included one on the topic of travelling on a school bus.’
      essay, paper, article, text, study, piece of writing
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    3. 2.3 The artistic arrangement of the parts of a picture.
      ‘spoiling the composition of many of the pictures’
      • ‘Frightened is also a pretty picture, but the composition is a little complex, and we can almost hear the noise when the artist cut the woodblock.’
      • ‘For composition is not just a way to organize a picture.’
      • ‘Including him also helped Holbein to balance the composition, which is slightly weighted to the left in the drawing.’
      • ‘The space-box is replaced by compositions organized through a loose symmetry.’
      • ‘Her first pictures were of fishermen, factory workers, and lorry drivers, all remarkable for their composition and colouring.’
      • ‘Artists draw a composition on a block of wood and then cut away the areas they do not want to ink, leaving a relief of the intended image.’
      • ‘Both paintings share similar compositions; an enormous crane and a fragment of sky are shown where the towers used to be.’
      • ‘Some of the artists worked out their compositions with small sketches, at other times they would work with a spontaneous intuitive flow, reacting and responding to their evolving composition.’
      • ‘It is what one might expect of an artist experimenting with the composition of a companion picture.’
      • ‘Rubens sometimes used monochrome techniques in sketching compositions for engravers.’
      • ‘The latter two works have an irregularly repeated fringelike pattern that anchors the composition.’
      • ‘Here, his composition, line and Fauvist hues abstract the imagined essence of flowers on conspicuous stalks that may be heading on to hip and seed.’
      • ‘A zone of smeared blue pushes in from the upper right corner, destabilizing the composition, giving the brushwork it impinges on a frenetic quality.’
      • ‘In a number of instances, the choice of the artist commissioned to produce a portrait is as significant as the portrait's format or composition.’
      • ‘Here Sherman lauded the manner in which elements in Cezanne's pictures were adjusted for the sake of the composition, independent of laws of reality.’
      • ‘The larger paintings are staged in a manner characteristic of Manet's early studio compositions.’
      • ‘The rows vary in texture and density, from single pages to cardboard book covers, undulating in a wavelike pattern across the horizontal composition.’
      arrangement, disposition, layout, design, organization, construction
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  • 3The preparing of text for printing by setting up the characters in order.

    See compose (sense 4)
  • 4A legal agreement to pay an amount of money in lieu of a larger debt or other obligation.

    • ‘Private compositions required the debtor to turn over all their assets, usually less a few exempted items such as bedding, for distribution among creditors.’
    • ‘His losses were as large as those of his friends, but in a secret composition in 1892 he paid just sixpence in the pound, only to recover so quickly that he was known to be very rich indeed by 1900.’
    1. 4.1 An amount of money paid under a legal agreement.
      • ‘An acceptance by the holder of the acceptor's offer to pay a composition is not a renunciation of the holder's rights.’

Origin

Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin compositio(n-), from componere ‘put together’.

Pronunciation

composition

/ˌkɑmpəˈzɪʃ(ə)n//ˌkämpəˈziSH(ə)n/