Definition of complementarity in English:



  • 1A complementary relationship or situation.

    ‘a culture based on the complementarity of men and women’
    • ‘As generalists become more different from one another, interorganizational complementarities likely increase, thereby yielding more opportunities for alliance formation.’
    • ‘The duality and complementarities of marketplace and Cyberspace raise the issue of relationship-building in an environment that is both virtual and physical.’
    • ‘These basic differences between oral and written communication are a fruitful domain for continued dialogue about the strengths, limitations, and complementarities of the first-year rhetoric classroom.’
    • ‘Emerging complementarities between the economies of the two regions, buttressed by macro-economic reforms of the recent past, have contributed to a rapid growth in trade, investment and financial flows between them.’
    • ‘Technological complementarities often shape the eventual consequences and productivity of new technologies.’
    • ‘We have vigorously set about recovering our mutual understanding, building a broad base for our co-operation and redeeming the promise of our complementarities.’
    • ‘Optimal development requires each side to harness their complementarities and use the diversity of views and interests to constructive ends.’
    • ‘The job is to differentiate them in such a way as to expose their complementarities, to make clear how static and dynamic elements of systems can coexist, and to show how a division of labour can be constructed amongst them.’
    • ‘In particular, he sees complementarities between their theories of motivation and suggests that each discipline can learn something from the other.’
    • ‘Furthermore, culture seems to contain contradictions, such as income redistribution to the needy and simultaneous espousal of equality of opportunity, as well as complementarities which can serve as organizing points.’
    • ‘For instance, the essential recapitalization of the Coast Guard must meet distinctive Coast Guard operational needs; it must also capture complementarities and synergisms with the Navy.’
    • ‘Second, there are intellectual as well as technical economies of scale, external economies, and complementarities.’
    • ‘The important factors were the existence of a smooth working relationship and technological complementarity.’
    • ‘We have to be careful lest in a search for cost-effective complementarities between Navy and Coast Guard we underplay the vital point that the first duty of the latter is excellence as a coast guard.’
    • ‘Many fruit and vegetable growers also grew tobacco, since there exist complementarities between horticultural crops and tobacco.’
    • ‘The new arsenals, shipyards, mines, and steelworks operated in a vacuum, with neither infrastructure nor complementarities.’
    • ‘Such advantages are further bolstered by the underlying complementarities between the U.S. economy and the economies of the developing world - especially those in Asia.’
    • ‘Arthur argued that increasing returns from learning, network externalities, and technological complementarities lead one technology eventually to dominate a given market.’
    • ‘In contrast, the complementarities between the American and the Chinese economies, although considerable, are not nearly so great.’
    • ‘My earlier post was an admittedly rudimentary attempt to come up with a more accurate way of describing gender differences and complementarities.’
    1. 1.1Physics The concept that two contrasted theories, such as the wave and particle theories of light, may be able to explain a set of phenomena, although each separately only accounts for some aspects.
      • ‘Bohr may be thought to have got perilously close to this when he suggested that complementarity could shed light on the age-old question of determinism and free will in relation to human nature.’
      • ‘Frayn ingeniously links several other physics metaphors, from Scrodinger's wave equation to complementarity and the disintegration of the radioactive elements.’
      • ‘The complementarity manifested in quantum laws reflects the inability of our classical concepts to accommodate the richness and subtlety of the world, and removes the Cartesian divide that insulates the observer from the observed.’
      • ‘The concept of complementarities, conceived of in the 1920s by the physicist Niels Bohr, says that to understand the behavior of electrons, it is necessary to describe them as point like particles and extended waves.’
      • ‘No matter which way we look at it, it's a problem for complementarity, because we are able to see both wave and particle aspects at once.’
    2. 1.2Law The principle that jurisdictions will not overlap in legislation, administration, or prosecution of crime.
      • ‘The reciprocity that one talks about is the complementarity of legislation where one State authorises a judge to travel to take evidence and another State says, ‘Welcome, we will give you the facilities.’’
      • ‘Under the principle of complementarity, States that have jurisdiction over a particular incident have the opportunity to investigate and prosecute.’
      • ‘But the Pentagon and its congressional allies were not satisfied with the principle of complementarity as protection against unjustified prosecutions.’
      • ‘The use of the ICC is further caveated by the principle of complementarity, which requires that national criminal jurisdiction will first have to be shown to be an unviable option, before the ICC mechanism can be accessed.’
      • ‘By and large, the principle of complementarity enshrined in the Rome Statute of the ICC seems sound: as a rule it is for national courts to adjudicate on international crimes.’