Definition of commutation in English:



  • 1Action or the process of commuting a judicial sentence.

    • ‘The death penalty may only be imposed for the most serious crimes with sentenced persons enjoying the right to seek a pardon or other commutation of the sentence.’
    • ‘Each state has its own procedure for requesting a pardon or commutation.’
    • ‘Those who serve a set sentence and are entitled to a commutation of their sentence would have to serve between 20 to 30 years in prison, instead of the original minimum of seven years.’
    • ‘We've asked for a commutation to straight life which would give Stacey a chance for parole after 15 years.’
    • ‘Jones then applied to the State Board of Pardons and Parole for commutation of the sentence to life imprisonment, which was denied.’
    • ‘They have called for the commutation of the death sentences to life imprisonment.’
    • ‘If he granted a blanket commutation, it would be just to make it life in prison without parole.’
    • ‘The president can stop executions by granting executive clemency or a commutation of the sentence.’
    • ‘Or that the large number of prisoners removed from death row in recent years by commutation and technical legal appeal somehow prove that hundreds of innocent convicts are on the edge of state-sanctioned death.’
    • ‘Still, four governors have turned down Williams's application for a commutation of his sentence.’
    • ‘A similar provision covers the issue of pardon or commutation of sentence.’
    • ‘She received the same, but with a commutation to 25 years in prison.’
    • ‘It was here that we found the four petitions that sought pardon or commutation of his death penalty.’
    • ‘It states that ‘Anyone sentenced to death shall have the right to seek pardon or commutation of the sentence.’’
    • ‘His commutation of those death sentences to a maximum of life in prison makes any future execution in Illinois - formerly site of one of the nation's largest death rows - at best a distant prospect.’
    1. 1.1The conversion of a legal obligation or entitlement into another form, e.g., the replacement of an annuity or series of payments by a single payment.
      • ‘From their own pocket and without any access to commutation or pension entitlements.’
      • ‘Regulation 3 permits a scheme to provide for commutation of the whole of the benefit where the pension credit member has a brief life expectancy or where the pension payable would be nominal.’
      • ‘By 1129-30 it is clear that a widespread commutation into money rents had taken place.’
      • ‘It tells the worker to consider a commutation - effectively cashing in all future entitlements for a significantly smaller lump-sum payment.’
      • ‘Each policy shall be endorsed stating that it cannot be assigned or surrendered and showing in monetary terms the extent to which benefits may be taken as a single cash payment as commutation or on death.’
      • ‘Prior to this amendment the tax treatment of lump sum payments from pension funds such as the commutation of one-third of the total value of retirement benefits was based on interpretation of the legislation.’
  • 2The process of commutating an electric current.

    • ‘With a 17-mm diam and lengths of 17 or 24 mm, a series of motors has high efficiency and long life, due to a precious metal commutation and neodymium magnets.’
    • ‘Very many DC motors (brush-type) have built-in commutation, meaning that as the motor rotates, mechanical brushes automatically commutate coils on the rotor.’
    • ‘A main switching element is provided to turn ON and OFF an input voltage, and a synchronous commutating switching element is provided to perform synchronous commutation of a load current.’
  • 3Mathematics
    The property of having a commutative relation.

    • ‘This discussion has not covered commutation of the construction stages, another important property of the PDN-theorem.’


Late Middle English (in the sense exchange, barter later alteration): from Latin commutatio(n-), from commutare exchange, interchange (see commute). commutation dates from the late 16th century.