Main definitions of commune in English

: commune1commune2

commune1

noun

  • 1A group of people living together and sharing possessions and responsibilities.

    • ‘It was some sort of commune though not necessarily the communist nor hippie type.’
    • ‘After all, sometimes we would play for the camp officers and their families, who lived at the camps in beautiful communes right outside the gates.’
    • ‘We formed a commune, to share our wallets, share our tools, share our ideas, share our love, play music.’
    • ‘I thought it would be neat to live in a peaceful commune and promote world togetherness.’
    • ‘Chilled through, Nathan rolled himself up in his blanket on the sofa where he's slept since joining the commune, & is already snoring.’
    • ‘The commune thus benefited from the collective effect of this renewal effort.’
    • ‘Setting up communes, where senior citizens can live together with well-provided support structures that they might require from time to time is a good idea.’
    • ‘How was your commune formed, and what kinds of people joined it?’
    • ‘Some of the communes allowed anyone to join, which seemed at first glance like a good thing.’
    • ‘He and some friends formed a type of hippy commune, living off the land organically and working with nature.’
    • ‘It is a close knit community, like a big commune but everyone is family.’
    • ‘Equally as important, peasants were declared the legal owners of their plots of land within the framework of their commune.’
    • ‘One of the residents of the Together household invites his sister and her two young children to come and join the commune.’
    • ‘In 1975 Stockholm, a woman flees her abusive drunk husband with her two kids, and goes to the small socialist commune run by her younger brother.’
    • ‘She wanted to go back to the commune in the morning and spend time with the artists.’
    • ‘I lived with various communes of people in share houses, or on shared land, I lived in tepees, in cars, in tents, in a bedroll.’
    • ‘I deeply respect you and your goals, both of bringing a spiritual dimension back into people's lives, and to create this commune in which people share ideas and resources.’
    • ‘In and out of those communes drifted many of the nameless and faceless, joined in their search for ‘where it was all at’ before moving on.’
    • ‘I once worked with a fellow who lived in a Christian commune.’
    • ‘Of course, my generation did eventually return to the city - disillusioned with communes and free love.’
    collective, cooperative, co-op, community, communal settlement, kibbutz, fellowship
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A communal settlement in a communist country.
      • ‘A mother and her children in a farming commune in Canton.’
      • ‘Anyone who wants to can, in a free society, even join a voluntary commune, like Brook Farm, or an Israeli kibbutz, and lead as blissfully communistic a life as he or she wishes.’
      • ‘One such was the Swiss commune, which, under Lenin's instigation, was organized by Fritz Platten, a friend of mine.’
      • ‘In some parts of the country zealous Chinese Communists tried to establish rural communes, as was happening in China.’
      • ‘Many peasants were forced to work for the state as a part of a collective commune.’
      • ‘In this, Lenin was more Marxist than Marx, who had observed the revolutionary potential of the Russian peasant commune in the 1870s.’
      • ‘It started about 20 years ago, shortly after Beijing began testing the waters of market reform by dismantling people's communes and giving individuals the incentive to create their own wealth.’
      • ‘They pointed to the peasant commune as the cell of the new communist society.’
      • ‘For example, before collectivization there were currents among the peasants which supported cooperatives or agricultural communes and community-based cultivation.’
      • ‘They saw in the Russian commune the possibility of a direct transition from a precapitalist mode of production to socialism.’
      • ‘Peasants at home identified themselves in terms of their membership in the village commune and as Orthodox believers.’
      • ‘The Slavophiles saw this in action in the peasant communes, and believed that communalism in conjunction with Christian communal worship would become the source of Russia's sorely needed moral and cultural regeneration.’
      • ‘Further south in Argentina, state governance has ground to a halt, and people are organising into small local communes not unlike those workers' co-operatives seen on the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War.’
  • 2The smallest French territorial division for administrative purposes.

    • ‘It is divided into departments that are subdivided into arrondissements, communes, commune sectionals, and habitations.’
    • ‘Each commune in France generally holds a town festival during the year.’
    • ‘The administrative district or commune embodies a sense of community and self-identification for its residents.’
    • ‘The commune is the smallest administrative level.’
    • ‘There are municipal and national police as well as gendarmeries in each commune.’
    • ‘Although Rasteau is the chosen name for this variable drink, the grapes may be grown anywhere in the communes of three Côtes-du-Rhône villages: Rasteau, Cairanne, and Sablet.’
    • ‘Wines made from grapes grown within the commune of Pupillin have the right to the appellation Arbois Pupillin.’
    • ‘In all 26 villages have their own appellation, and there are two Grands Crus: Dézaley in the commune of Puidoux and Calamin in the commune of Epesses.’
    • ‘Located on the southern border of the La Morra commune, part of the vineyard is located in the neighboring commune of Barolo.’
    • ‘He made his first journey to Paris in 1830 to work for his uncle, then moved to the same lodgings used by his father in his youth, and shared a room with a dozen migrants from his native commune.’
    • ‘Monaco has borders with several communes of the French Department of the Alpes-Maritimes.’
    • ‘It was not until 1966 that the Cotes Du Rhone Villages appellation was finally established producing wines from 16 individual communes.’
    • ‘These regions are further subdivided into arrondissements, then into communes or townships.’
    1. 2.1A territorial division similar to a French commune in other countries.
      • ‘Rural islands were designated communes with their own municipal budgets for public works and education and their own elected mayors.’
      • ‘These in turn were subdivided into districts and communes, all run by elected councils and officials.’
      • ‘In 1975 she was pushed out of the city to Kandal province, then to a commune in Pursat province.’
      • ‘They dominated the countryside, perverted justice, and subverted the rights of the towns and rural communes.’
      • ‘In Spain in 1857, and in Italy in 1859, education laws imposed on communes the obligation to provide elementary schools, and on parents the obligation to send their children there for at least two or three years.’
      • ‘It was organized as a commune in 1052 but was still part of the Kingdom of Italy.’
      • ‘There are a little over 36,000 communes, and their populations can range in size from under one thousand to that of a large city.’
      • ‘The 40,000 new communes, usually the same as the old parishes, served as the base for a nested hierarchy of cantons, districts, and eighty-three departments.’
      • ‘But they were not salaried by the state and minimally, if at all, by the commune or parish.’
      • ‘At the beginning of the Second World War 45 per cent of the population lived in rural communes, defined as having fewer than 2,000 inhabitants.’
      • ‘This Italian commune in the province of Bologna had a population in 1944 of 4,200 of whom 650 lived in the main town.’
      • ‘The Feb.3 polls for Cambodia's 1,621 communes will be the country's first direct communal elections.’
      • ‘In other communes a two-thirds majority vote could enforce consolidations for the whole village.’
      • ‘The important units of community government are the commune and subcommunes (districts).’
  • 3The group that seized the municipal government of Paris in the French Revolution and played a leading part in the Reign of Terror until suppressed in 1794.

    1. 3.1The municipal government organized on communalistic principles elected in Paris in 1871. It was soon brutally suppressed by government troops.
      • ‘The Paris Commune was really a radical Republican rebellion, not a socialist one.’
      • ‘The Paris Commune developed spontaneously from the process of class struggle: the need for a new political form arose and the commune was created to address it.’
      • ‘This was followed by the declaration of a Paris Commune, or independent municipal government, in March 1871, an event which recalled the extremism of the French Revolution.’
      • ‘The director, one gathers, wants a Paris Commune purified of all its difficult and perhaps unpleasant associations, a kind of utopian model to hold out to today's radical protesters.’

Origin

Late 17th century ( commune): from French, from medieval Latin communia, neuter plural of Latin communis (see common).

Main definitions of commune in English

: commune1commune2

commune2

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1Share one's intimate thoughts or feelings with (someone or something), especially when the exchange is on a spiritual level.

    ‘the purpose of praying is to commune with God’
    • ‘It calls the disciple to live, at least part of the time, as if he or she were already in the next world, a world where all share freely and constantly commune with God.’
    • ‘Alison took the time to sit down in the reading area and quietly commune with the spirits even if she wasn't conversing with a particular spirit.’
    • ‘He certainly didn't feel ready to commune with the God just yet.’
    • ‘For the pilgrims who make their way there, Lourdes provides perspective, an opportunity to reflect, a chance to affirm and renew one's faith and to commune with like-minded people before their God.’
    • ‘He loves his Lord, and loves to come to him, to commune with him in the fellowship of prayer.’
    • ‘But there are many who commune with gods, talk to angels, worship deities and meet up to worship.’
    • ‘I took time to commune with God and I already feel more complete.’
    • ‘Draw energy and strength by communing with God or your higher power, with others, and with your environment.’
    • ‘They met in their cities on the Sabbath to commune with him.’
    • ‘I asked if she wished me to commune with her father.’
    • ‘The Spirit gives and stirs faith, and by faith we are lifted up to heaven, where Christ is, and we commune with Him.’
    • ‘I need to commune with you people again - my readers.’
    • ‘As shareholders in God's eternal story, we commune with a creating God and are drawn into fellowship with a global community.’
    • ‘And it's gone through the process of how you go out to God, you commune with God, and eventually become one with God.’
    • ‘He loves us deeply and wants to commune with us and enjoy our presence through Jesus.’
    • ‘It was as if we built the fire to commune with an autumn god.’
    • ‘Believers need to spend quality time communing with the Lord - to read, meditate and memorise portions of Scriptures.’
    • ‘In evangelical symbolism, that meant that a man of prayer was going to commune with God, somewhat like Moses on Mount Sinai.’
    • ‘He knew that it was forbidden of him to commune with the persons of his past.’
    • ‘Concentrate only on the need to commune with the Lord.’
    communicate, speak, talk, converse, have a tête-à-tête, confer
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Feel in close spiritual contact with.
      ‘he spent an hour communing with nature on the bank of a stream’
      • ‘They take me well outside of what I would call normal consciousness; there's a real sense that I am communing with something much greater than me.’
      • ‘I got a bird book and a mammal book and a tree book for my birthday and now I can realize a true pleasure of having an excuse to read even when outside supposedly communing with nature.’
      • ‘It's a museum, workshop and a place for communing with the beautiful shapes, smells and sounds of auto history - one of Rossi's lifelong passions.’
      • ‘He grew up watching his parents, grandparents and neighbors communing with the land as if it were a living thing.’
      • ‘There are screened outdoor showers - ideal for communing with nature at sunrise.’
      • ‘A collective groan echoes off the cold cement floor, unforgiving to body parts not usually accustomed to communing with the urban landscape.’
      • ‘I decided that my having made it to her house, meant that I was supposed to visit her on that day - we had not seen each other for some time - and I was supposed to spend some time communing with nature.’
      • ‘Although I value my roots at home in England I delight in communing with nature in the wilderness.’
      • ‘This was an almost sacred space, within which a man communed with the very essence of his creative, spiritual vision.’
      • ‘However, the effort is invariably rewarded with the sense of well-being that comes from communing with the glories of nature.’
      • ‘Central to the concept is the paradox that while we believe we can tame nature we also seek to learn about our deepest desires and inclinations by communing with the primeval.’
      • ‘My priorities were focused on my home and family, but I still loved the forest and the sky and would spend hours outside communing with nature.’
      • ‘He describes the tremendous feeling of being one with the wave, communing with the elements and looking out for fellow surfers.’
      • ‘He chose to increase his power by communing with nature.’
      • ‘There was nothing more intimate and secluded than that celebration in the midst of an open field, a simple place within which people communed with grace.’
      • ‘I missed doing rituals and communing with nature and meditating.’
      • ‘Sure enough, this provided happy hours communing with nature at her most colourful.’
      • ‘For the serious explorer, beyond where the paved road ends, it offers unspoiled beach beauty for sunbathing and communing with nature.’
      • ‘Some are eccentrics, such as Lone Eagle Woman, who hikes the woods every summer, communing with the beasts and the trees.’
      • ‘Once underwater, the pair let the outside world disappear, communing with the natural elements beneath the sea's surface in an attempt to banish their worries forever.’
  • 2US Receive Holy Communion.

    • ‘Some bishops have said that offending public figures should be refused Communion, others that they should refrain from communing.’
    • ‘He has taken the sacrament of Communion even if he has not communed.’
    • ‘I could only concentrate on emotions he had aroused in me, the way he had stirred an immense desire to admire and worship and commune, and then he had slipped away again before this desire could begin to be grasped; let alone satisfied.’
    • ‘Regarding communion, no credible evidence shows that he communed from the time of the Revolution till his death.’
    • ‘All baptized Christians who believe with us that Jesus Christ is present in the Sacrament, are welcome to commune.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French comuner to share from comun (see common).