Definition of coat in English:

coat

noun

  • 1An outer garment worn outdoors, having sleeves and typically extending below the hips.

    ‘a winter coat’
    [as modifier] ‘his coat pocket’
    • ‘See this new camera is big and bulky - in winter I put it in my puffy coat pocket and barely even noticed it.’
    • ‘The long winter coat has been brought out from where it was stored in the cupboard under the stairs.’
    • ‘He wore a black leather trench coat over a pressed white dress shirt and black pants.’
    • ‘A black blazer replaced his winter coat and he wore sunglasses instead of his helmet.’
    • ‘Mr. Walker pulled a pair of mittens out of his coat pocket and handed them to me.’
    • ‘We wore our winter coats and stuffed our pockets with what little bread we had left.’
    • ‘Sharon pulled her gray wool coat tighter and walked across the gravel parking lot to her rusting Chevy.’
    • ‘This boy, clad in a disheveled sailor's tunic and winter coat fit for a bear, stood no more than shoulder-high to me.’
    • ‘Evie went to grab her blue coat in the closet and ran to the car with her mom.’
    • ‘Don't forget to sort through outer garments like coats, hats, and gloves.’
    • ‘He got so that he was scared of falling asleep, so he'd go downstairs to the living-room instead, with a winter coat on over his pyjamas.’
    • ‘She pulled her gloves out of her coat pocket, slipped them on, and then tucked her pony tail up under the ski mask so it would be out of the way when the action started.’
    • ‘Alison shivered as she removed her long wool coat.’
    • ‘She held her coat tighter around her, her light curls bobbing slightly in the wind.’
    • ‘You can stay warm with the best winter coats of the season, and make every woman curious about what you're hiding underneath.’
    • ‘The sleeves of her coat were blown back; but surprisingly, the wind was pleasantly warm, like the wind before Winter had come.’
    • ‘She wore a thick, black leather trench coat that covered her entire body.’
    • ‘Lea could see his silver star flash as he removed the heavy winter coat.’
    • ‘The whole way back home, I kept wiping my mouth with the sleeve of my coat.’
    • ‘Her fur coat was thrown carelessly over Jenna's bed, where Justin sat in silence.’
    overcoat, tunic
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 An outer garment having sleeves and extending below the hips worn indoors as a protective garment.
      ‘a laboratory coat’
      • ‘All the lessons are laboratory-based, and students have to put on white lab coats, safety gloves and do experiments, usually with bacteria.’
      • ‘A woman dressed in a white doctor's coat walked in, delicately, like an ice sculpture might walk.’
      • ‘Instead, they all grabbed their coats and followed Johnston to the door of the main laboratory.’
      • ‘I turned towards the door when it opened and a man in a white doctor's coat walked in.’
      • ‘They were put in white laboratory coats and asked to modify the behaviour of some other folk by way of an electric shock.’
      • ‘Good microbiologic techniques must be utilized and should include wearing a laboratory coat and gloves.’
      • ‘It was pure agony, being carried through a bright hallway by some overgrown man wearing a laboratory coat.’
      • ‘She was her usual self, white lab coat and protective goggles, blonde hair tied back into a bun.’
      • ‘There were about one hundred people or so dressed in lab coats walking all around the place, carrying stacks and stacks of ancient looking papers.’
      • ‘Kevin reached for Maxie, but he was only able to grab her white lab coat.’
      • ‘You could tell the locksmiths by their blue overalls, masons by their white jackets, painters by their coats with long smocks showing underneath.’
      • ‘Laboratory coats should be removed prior to leaving the lab work area, taking a break, or eating lunch.’
      • ‘One was dressed in a lab coat, the others dressed in casual clothing.’
      • ‘Students came with their white laboratory coats but were told not to wear them.’
      • ‘She tore a sleeve off her lab coat, and tied it around the man's leg.’
      • ‘Three other doctors stood in the doorway in suits and lab coats as Dana, dressed only in her pajamas, was given the ultimatum.’
      • ‘To this end, laboratory coats, gloves, masks and hair coverings are de rigueur for many types of examination.’
      • ‘A short bespectacled woman in a laboratory coat greeted them.’
      • ‘I grabbed the white lab coat that once belonged to my father and went to work.’
      • ‘I am eternally grateful to those who showed me that science needn't be all laboratories and lab coats.’
    2. 1.2 A man's jacket or tunic, especially as worn when hunting or by soldiers.
      • ‘It's long enough to wear over a sport coat or suit jacket.’
      • ‘In their slick tuxedoed coats, they could almost be a column of wedding guests stranded in the snow, until they drop down and start belly surfing across the icy wasteland.’
      • ‘Sport coats, or jackets, encompass just about everything else.’
      • ‘Passengers are now required to remove all types of coats, including blazers, sports and suit jackets.’
      • ‘He had on a navy suit coat and white dress shirt, which usually would have gone with navy or dark-blue tie.’
      • ‘It makes me cringe to think how much money I threw away on ties and dress shirts and sport coats and wool slacks that I never wear any more.’
      • ‘The Spaniard was no longer wearing his uniform coat and his black hair was falling out of his pigtail.’
      • ‘Three-quarters have a button-down shirt, two-thirds a sport coat or blazer.’
      • ‘I think that the only reason that the hunters take part in the hunt is just so that they can dress up in silly coats.’
      • ‘The new line includes a hunting coat, parka, vest, shirt and pant.’
      • ‘Like a tailor, he keeps big needles pinned behind the lapel of his coat, a plaid jacket too large for him.’
      • ‘Personally I think the jackets look like pyjama coats, but they are not my cuppa.’
      • ‘Amber slipped her blazer coat on and pulled up her knee high gray socks.’
      • ‘With that he pulled off his tuxedo coat and satin vest, tossing them into the trunk.’
      • ‘Some of the Rhode Island and New Hampshire soldiers had on gray coats that confused the shooters of the 4th Rhode Island.’
      • ‘Pacing the ground swiftly, he slid his arms into the jacket coat, digging his weary hands into his pockets.’
      • ‘He was dressed in a swallow-tail coat with a formal shirt and bow tie.’
      • ‘He wears glasses and has the symbol of the white tiger on the side of his coat sleeve and collar.’
      • ‘He wore a thin, trimmed moustachio and a tuxedo with a dinner coat.’
      • ‘You can quickly improvise a shield to cover your forearm by wrapping a suit coat, jacket or overcoat around it.’
      • ‘A sport coat and jeans or dress slacks were as far as he usually ventured and he looked so good in them.’
    3. 1.3 A man's or woman's tailored jacket.
      • ‘This season's key items are all short, from skirts to dresses and coats.’
      • ‘The next three hours were a blur, as Keira tried on dresses, shirts, coats, skirts, pants, shoes and hats.’
      • ‘Amy adjusted Sara's coat over the skirt of her blue dress before turning for the scarf.’
      • ‘Her woollen coats and cashmere dresses were technically brilliant.’
      • ‘The coat, skirt, and blouse came into fashion as a practical day dress only in the 1890s.’
      • ‘Satin top, full black skirt, velvety black high heels, tweed coat with black velvet collar.’
      • ‘Key focus continues to be short shift dresses, coats and skirts.’
      • ‘The lady wore a red suit coat with a red skirt that matched perfectly.’
  • 2An animal's covering of fur or hair.

    • ‘This shampoo gently but thoroughly washes the coat and protects the skin, conditioning as it cleans.’
    • ‘The face itself was protected by a coat of fine black fur, so deeply black that it highlighted blue in the gentle light of the moon.’
    • ‘With a thick, flowing coat of rich hair and majestic sweeping horns, it is one of Britain's oldest, most distinctive and best known breeds.’
    • ‘Though many urbanites love to have a pet dog at home, they realise in the long run that they have little time for walking the dog or brushing his coat.’
    • ‘The Sumatran rhino's body is covered in a patchy coat of shaggy hair.’
    • ‘He shows us the white puppies with woolly coats whose job it is to protect the sheep from wolves and explains how they live outside with only the strongest surviving.’
    • ‘For instance, someone who is especially house proud will not want a dog with a long coat which sheds hair all over the furniture.’
    • ‘Animals with heavy coats, such as Highland cattle and Galloways, were the most prone to problems, he added.’
    • ‘The Chinook has a double coat comprising long guard hairs over a soft, short undercoat.’
    • ‘Keep your dog indoors and away from drafts until his coat is completely dry.’
    • ‘A powerful hindquarters and a lung capacity enables him to swim long distances, this dog also has a heavy coat which protects him from icy waters.’
    • ‘Anne bought the smallest and cleverest, a white dog with a feathery coat and one blue and one brown eye.’
    • ‘The horses wore leather rugs to protect their coats and keep them warm, but a string on one had come loose and was trailing in the mud.’
    • ‘His fur was as black as night and much more groomed than the coats of the animals that surrounded him.’
    • ‘Like the Shetland pony, the Sheltie was bred with a thick coat to protect them from the harsh climate.’
    • ‘Shearing was changed from machine to hand held blades which was a much longer process, but left a short coat on the sheep for protection.’
    • ‘Their coats became thick, hard and dense enough to protect them from the moisture and cold of a long winter's day hunting.’
    • ‘Believe it or not mathematics explains why animals can have coats with spotted bodies and striped tails but not striped bodies with spotted tails.’
    • ‘Racers were meant to be war animals, so their coats were dark for camouflage.’
    • ‘Had he asked to check whether or not the dog had a healthy coat, he could have saved himself the money.’
    • ‘Rhino species grazed temperate grasslands and tundra, and many were covered with a thick coat of hair.’
    • ‘Norwich Terriers aren't a shedding breed, but there are always some dead hairs in their coat that end up lying around.’
    • ‘God gave dogs a natural coat to keep out the cold.’
    fur, hair, wool, fleece
    View synonyms
  • 3An outer layer or covering of a specified kind.

    ‘the protein coat of the virus’
    • ‘The last time I saw the leaf blower back in the Little Town it was mouldering under a thick coat of dust in a corner of the garage.’
    • ‘The protein coat can be chemically modified to target specific molecules or cell types in tissue.’
    • ‘Before fertilization, the egg is enclosed in a protective vitelline membrane, which is embedded in a gelatinous coat.’
    • ‘The outer protein coat consists of a major and minor capsid protein.’
    • ‘Ordinary microscopic slides, covered with a thin coat of petroleum jelly were used as pollen traps.’
    • ‘They code for the coat proteins of the two viruses, which are primary targets for the host immune system.’
    • ‘They are all caused by viruses: small slips of genetic material protected by a protein coat.’
    • ‘A tough protective coat allows the bacteria to survive for decades as spores.’
    • ‘Tapetal material is deposited on the developing pollen grains forming the pollen coat.’
    • ‘Suddenly the city of my dreams seems to be enveloped in a coat of dirt, dust and grime, combined with the troubles and busy lives of its inhabitants.’
    • ‘Hepatitis B surface antigen is on the viral coat, and its presence in blood implies that the patient is infected.’
    • ‘In this case, the moduli measured would reflect the mechanics of the protein coat rather than those of the embedding gel.’
    • ‘Since they proliferate by invading and taking over surrounding healthy cells, they are protected by a coat of protein.’
    • ‘The env gene codes for a protein on the outer coat of the virus that allows it to recognize and attach to human cells.’
    • ‘When found outside of host cells, viruses exist as a protein coat or capsid, sometimes enclosed within a membrane.’
    • ‘When a virus enters and infects a cell, it sheds this protective coat so that the genetic material can replicate new viruses.’
    • ‘Finally, all the Ames test strains have defective polysaccharide outer coats, to make them more permeable to the test chemicals.’
    • ‘The plum pox virus itself is little more than a filament of RNA surrounded by a protein coat.’
    • ‘For example, the Ebola virus has a particular protein in its coat that can easily be detected and analyzed with mass spectrometry.’
    • ‘The water fountains bubble quietly, the surface of their small pools hidden beneath a coat of fallen leaves.’
    layer, covering, overlay, coating, skin, skim, plating, film, wash, glaze, varnish, veneer, lamination, sheet, finish, dusting, blanket, mantle, daub, smear, topping, crust, patina, lustre, deposit, scale, facing, cladding
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 A covering of paint or similar material laid on a surface at one time.
      ‘a protective coat of varnish’
      • ‘A protective coat of lime plaster is often applied for added durability.’
      • ‘Redwood, cypress or cedar do not need a protective coat, however you may want to use one so the wood will not water stain.’
      • ‘They felt it needed a new coat of paint to freshen it up.’
      • ‘For all other surfaces, spray on two or more coats of clear acrylic sealer.’
      • ‘A few coats of a lengthening mascara will do the trick.’
      • ‘For long life with oil base stain on rough sawn or weathered lumber, use two coats.’
      • ‘Yet another group applied fresh coats of paint on the panels of windows and doors.’
      • ‘And how I would love to put a fresh coat of paint on it.’
      • ‘The finishing touch: a sweep of black eyeliner and two or three coats of mascara.’
      • ‘Grabbing the mascara, I took out the wand and layered my eyelashes with two coats of mascara.’
      • ‘I glare at her and then turn to study my nails. ‘Hmm, that one needs another coat of red.’’
      • ‘A light coat of wax will protect the surface of marble but is not considered essential.’
      • ‘Once the painted shoe is dry apply a coat of clear protective sealant.’
      • ‘The last step was to apply two coats of sealer, followed by several coats of protective wax.’
      • ‘Apply two, preferably three coats of urethane varnish using a good quality natural bristle brush.’
      • ‘For the final touch of beauty and to protect the finish, apply one or more coats of good wax recommended for use on floors.’
      • ‘Add a coat of clear varnish for a longer lasting finish.’
      • ‘To create an even surface, brush the wood with a coat of clear acrylic sealer.’
      • ‘Instead of paying for labour, put a fresh coat of neutral paint on the walls yourself.’
      • ‘Apply the sunscreen in a thick coat at least 30 to 45 minutes before going outside and then reapply every two hours.’
    2. 3.2 A structure, especially a membrane, enclosing or lining an organ.
      • ‘The serous coat is an extension of the peritoneum, and it covers only the superior and upper lateral surfaces.’
      • ‘The muscle coat is rather thin but is nevertheless very strong.’
      • ‘He did not recognize it to be the muscle coat of the oesophagus.’
      • ‘His dissection of the eye yielded the distinction between cornea, retina, iris, and chorioid coat.’
      • ‘One was to change the enteric coat, and the second was to put a sub-coat on.’
      • ‘Cartilage plates, blood vessels, and ganglia were also enmeshed in a thick fibromuscular coat.’
      • ‘To the right, along the posterior aspect of the bladder, is a second bright line, surrounded by a thinner coat of soft tissue.’
      • ‘The detrusor urinae muscle is a network of longitudinal fibers that form the external layer of the muscular coat of the bladder.’
      • ‘Thicker myelin coats translate into brains that are larger and can better coordinate rapid perceptual decisions, Posthuma says.’
      • ‘The bladder is wrapped in a thin coat of skin, the epithelium.’
      • ‘Since we are interested in the behavior of the lipid bilayer we do not specify the mechanism by which the protein coat deforms the membrane.’
      • ‘A definite muscular or serous coat was lacking in all the specimens.’
      • ‘The exact structure and relative thickness of the three coats vary with the size of the artery.’
      • ‘The myometrium is a thick coat containing smooth muscle and abundant connective tissues.’
      • ‘It is known to form a highly hydrated pericellular coat around chondrocytes, fibrosarcoma, and smooth muscle cells.’
      • ‘The epithelial lining and muscle coats made a morphologic switch as the sections ascended in a direction toward the testes.’
    3. 3.3 A skin, rind, or husk.
      • ‘To help this process along, either soak them in hot water or simply scratch the hard coat of each seed before planting.’
      • ‘These plants ripen fruits which again are a bright red, and have thick coats on their seeds to protect them should they be swallowed.’
      • ‘Inside the shell is a thin brown coat, the testa, which adheres firmly to the kernel, which is hollow and contains liquid.’
      • ‘Each consists of an egg cell embedded in the tissue of the female gametophyte surrounded by a thick seed coat.’
      • ‘In the case of seed pods and coats only the western blots are shown.’
      • ‘Thus, the covers of thick-coated seeds were gently scarified and the coats were removed the next day.’
      • ‘In maize, as in all flowering plants, the seed develops inside a coat of maternal origin.’
      • ‘Transport studies with plasma membrane vesicles isolated from pea seed coats are presented in an accompanying paper.’
      • ‘Seed coats were removed by hand and seeds were surface-sterilized in a 1 % sodium hypochlorite solution for 2 min.’
      • ‘Imbibition is necessary before decoating because it is difficult to remove the coats of dry seeds without causing injury.’
      • ‘Thus, seeds lacking a coat were germinated in a horizontal or a vertical position.’
      • ‘On the left, there is a collection of ripe seeds, showing the fleshy yellow seed coat as well as seeds with the coat stripped away.’
      • ‘Within each seed - protected by its coat - there is an embryo, a miniscule plant really, complete with a root tip, leaf bud and stem.’
    4. 3.4 A layer of a plant bulb.

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Provide with a layer or covering of something; apply a coat to.

    ‘his boots were coated with mud’
    ‘coat each part with a thin oil’
    • ‘The faces of both slabs are then coated with multiple layers of thin-film gold or dielectric reflectors.’
    • ‘The ground was coated with an icy blanket of fresh snow, but not enough for the schools to close.’
    • ‘It is then coated with a thin layer of white lead on which the outline of the picture is drawn.’
    • ‘Each is in turn coated with several layers of graphite, and a silicon carbide outer shell.’
    • ‘My eyes had been coated with a layer of black mascara and a decent amount of black eyeliner.’
    • ‘A daguerreotype is printed on a sheet of copper that is coated with a thin layer of silver.’
    • ‘Artificial seeds were coated with a thin layer of gelatin, and infested as if they were intact seeds.’
    • ‘The gyroscope spheres are coated with an ultra-thin layer of metal that becomes a superconductor.’
    • ‘Lockers, all coated with a layer of fresh paint to cover another year of abuse, lined up against these walls.’
    • ‘Fresh greens were cut up into very tiny piece and coated with a layer of flour, which was made into the shape of a petal.’
    • ‘My nails were conditioned with a range of conditioners and varnishes before being coated with the actual magic gel.’
    • ‘A gas turbine engine component is cleaned and coated with a layer of metal, generally aluminum, containing paint.’
    • ‘It also coats or pseudomorphs some of the secondary minerals.’
    • ‘The globes are coated with a layer of niobium, giving them a silvery finish.’
    • ‘The fish - squid, prawns and scampi - was coated in a delicate batter, light years away from any calamari I've tasted.’
    • ‘It would need to be coated with shellac or varnish to keep out moisture.’
    • ‘It's as if the camera lens had been coated with a thin layer of Vaseline and hurriedly wiped clean.’
    • ‘After this process, the replica is coated with a thin layer of clay paste and allowed to dry.’
    • ‘Finally, the blade was coated with a tough, protective layer of clear lacquer.’
    • ‘The walls were coated with cobwebs and blanketed with old tapestries.’
    • ‘Unmold the mousse onto a wire rack-lined sheet pan and coat with the chocolate glaze.’
    • ‘A sap-sucking bug that coats plants with wads of foamy spit has been crowned the insect world's greatest leaper.’
    • ‘Everything was coated with a thick layer of dust and grime.’
    cover, overlay, paint, glaze, varnish, wash, surface, veneer, inlay, laminate, plate, blanket, mantle, daub, smear, bedaub, cake, plaster, overspread, encrust, face
    besmear
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a substance) form a covering to.
      ‘a film of dust coated the floor’
      • ‘Ice and snow coated everything, in the month of December in Eclaver, and wind gusts reached up to forty miles an hour, at the best of times.’
      • ‘The sweat coats your body in a nasty, slick, oily sheen.’
      • ‘Deep growls and explosions thundered through the air as clouds of black volcanic ash coated the surroundings.’
      • ‘His hands were gloved now, a rough black fabric coating his hands like a second skin and cutting off sharply at his wrists.’
      • ‘The warm water coating her skin was therapeutic and relaxing, which was just what she needed after her encounter with Luke.’
      • ‘There was a film of dirty, uneven ice coating the sidewalks and street, and I couldn't get any traction.’
      • ‘Because of their hardness palaeosols influence the landscape and commonly cap hills or coat slopes, protecting the underlying sediments from erosion.’
      • ‘The fungi also coat tree roots, protecting against microbial pathogens and drought.’
      • ‘The limestone dust in the air coats our throats and drives us nigh mad with need for a drink.’
      • ‘What was that dark wet substance coating the blade…?’
      • ‘Her mother arched an eyebrow, looking at the blood coating her tile floor.’
      • ‘Add vanilla bean and cook over a double boiler on gentle heat, stirring till mixture coats the back of a spoon.’
      • ‘Ice and snow coated the landscape, and people in animal skins lived in ice boxes.’
      • ‘Stir to make sure that the butter coats the potatoes, then add the toasted oatmeal and stir again.’
      • ‘Only years later do they find that the coal dust also coated their lungs.’
      • ‘A thin film of dust coated the drying tears, and she regarded it with disgust.’
      • ‘She faltered as her father reached out to touch the blue dust coating her dress.’
      • ‘Mix and stir-fry until the sauce coats everything.’
      • ‘His shirt was unbuttoned, a slight sweat coating his smooth white skin.’
      • ‘The werewolf rose up howling, blood coating its white fur, fangs gleaming in the moonlight, its eyes reflecting a rabid malevolence to match its deeds.’
      • ‘Add a spoonful or two of the pasta water to help the sauce coat the pasta, tossing well.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French cote, of unknown ultimate origin.

Pronunciation:

coat

/kōt/