Main definitions of clove in US English:

: clove1clove2clove3

clove1

noun

  • 1The dried flower bud of a tropical tree, used as a pungent aromatic spice.

    ‘a teaspoon of ground cloves’
    • ‘Sliced or chopped garlic and onion are fried in butter, along with chili peppers, cloves, black pepper, and ginger.’
    • ‘Place the onion studded with cloves, plus the bayleaf and the peppercorns, in a saucepan together with the milk.’
    • ‘Combine sugar, salt, cinnamon, ginger and cloves in small bowl.’
    • ‘Spices like ginger, fenugreek, cloves, cardamom and hot peppers are simmered in butter, then the solids are drained off.’
    • ‘The English name allspice was given to the spice because its flavour resembles a mixture of other spices, especially cloves and black pepper.’
    • ‘For the curry oil, in a medium bowl, mix together the cinnamon, turmeric, cardamom, cayenne pepper, allspice, white pepper, and cloves and set aside.’
    • ‘While the eggplant was cooking, I combined water with sugar and threw in some cloves and ground cardamom for added flavor.’
    • ‘For the spiced cakes, I added a bit of ground cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves, cardamom, and ginger, along with a minced chili pepper.’
    • ‘Season the sweetbreads with salt, pepper, clove, and cinnamon.’
    • ‘Place the shallots in a stainless-steel pan with the vinegar, cinnamon and cloves.’
    • ‘In a medium bowl, combine the flour, baking soda, cinnamon, ground cloves, and salt, and mix with a whisk to evenly blend.’
    • ‘After that, it's just crushed garlic, allspice, ground cloves, paprika, salt and pepper.’
    • ‘Wet spices like shallots, ginger and garlic are balanced against dry ones like coriander, cumin, cinnamon and cloves.’
    • ‘In a large, heavy-based saucepan, heat the vinegar with the chillies, cloves, peppercorns, cumin and onion seeds, salt and sugar.’
    • ‘Pressure cook with minimum water along with chillies, salt, cloves, cinnamon and ginger.’
    • ‘Linguistically, the ancient importance of such spices as cinnamon, ginger, cloves, pepper and nutmeg is shown by their names in English being as old as the language.’
    • ‘Four spice is a ground spice mixture usually containing white pepper, nutmeg, ginger, and cinnamon or cloves.’
    • ‘He also opened a tin of biscuits he had brought back from Sweden - tasty things spiced with cinnamon, ginger and cloves.’
    • ‘So you cream the butter with sugar and molasses; you add an egg; then you add that glorious mixture of flour, ginger, cinnamon, and ground cloves.’
    • ‘In a spice grinder, pulverize peppercorns and cloves to a fine powder.’
    1. 1.1 Aromatic analgesic oil extracted from the clove and used medicinally, especially for the relief of dental pain.
      • ‘For the temporary relief of toothache, apply a crushed clove or oil of cloves to the painful tooth, or plug the cavity with cotton wool soaked in the oil.’
      • ‘He worked for a while on natural products and from 1864 on discovered sesquiterpenes in oil of cloves and other essential oils.’
      • ‘How many of you have soaked some cotton wool in oil of cloves and plugged a painful tooth?’
      • ‘Outside the United States, products sold as toothpaste sometimes include ground tobacco mixed with menthol, oil of cloves, peppermint and other flavorings.’
  • 2The Indonesian tree from which cloves are obtained.

    Syzygium aromaticum (also called Eugenia caryophyllus), family Myrtaceae

    • ‘Can you give me information on growing cloves?’
    • ‘We emerged into the country to find ourselves amid an open expanse of coconut palms, interspersed with the odd clove and nutmeg tree, banana palm and cinnamon bush.’
    • ‘On a stroll through the grounds, Jacob the gardener introduces us to nutmeg, cinnamon, ginger, tamarind and cloves as well as cocoa, banana, pineapple, mango, papaya and jackfruit.’
    • ‘He cultivates arecanut, coconut, pepper, cloves, bananas and vanilla on his multi-crop farm.’
    • ‘In the centre's old minibus we drove through a shimmering tropical paradise of lush green forests of banana palms, coconut palms and cloves, and a land so fertile you could thrust a stick in it and watch it grow.’
    • ‘Grapefruit, bananas and cloves will soon be growing in Sheffield as the next phase of the regeneration of the city's Botanical Gardens nears completion.’
    • ‘He stresses planting only healthy cloves and maintaining a three-year rotation with the whole Allium family.’
    • ‘Saplings of nutmeg, clove, rambutan, mangosteen, breadfruit and vanilla are also there.’
    • ‘On the Spice tour you will learn about fifty different spices and fruit that grow on the island, from cinnamon, nutmeg, vanilla, cloves, to jackfruit and sugarcane.’
    • ‘Next spring, these cloves will sprout their leaves and start to make new bulbs.’
    • ‘During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the most important crops were coffee and cloves and then sugarcane.’
  • 3A clove-scented pink which is the original type from which the carnation and other double pinks have been bred.

    Dianthus caryophyllus, family Caryophyllaceae

    • ‘Perhaps you're attracted by sweetly scented herbs, in which case clove pink, scented geranium, hyssop, lavender and pineapple sage are a must for you.’
    • ‘The full name clove-girofle was reserved for a pink, dianthus caryophyllus, the so-called clove - pink.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French clou de girofle, literally ‘nail of gillyflower’ (from its shape), gillyflower being originally the name of the spice and later applied to the similarly scented pink.

Pronunciation

clove

/klōv//kloʊv/

Main definitions of clove in US English:

: clove1clove2clove3

clove2

noun

  • Any of the small bulbs making up a compound bulb of garlic, shallot, etc.

    • ‘In a heavy saucepan fry the roughly chopped cloves of garlic in a mixture of olive oil and butter.’
    • ‘It is also difficult to identify garlics by appearance, since cloves from the same bulb grow differently in different locations.’
    • ‘I even diced a few cloves of garlic and threw them into the sauce, hoping to appease Mom's natural desires.’
    • ‘Garlic contains sulfur compounds that give the cloves their distinct odor.’
    • ‘Chuck in a couple of chopped shallots and two cloves of chopped garlic.’
    • ‘There were no serious cooking techniques being demonstrated here, although I did learn how to purée garlic cloves with the tines of a fork.’
    • ‘Break the cloves off a garlic bulb and toss a handful into the blender.’
    • ‘In a food processor, pulse the garlic cloves to mince them thoroughly.’
    • ‘I gently sautéed one small, thinly sliced shallot and one minced clove of garlic in some butter.’
    • ‘Another delicious way to take garlic both for prevention as well as treatment is to macerate several cloves of mashed garlic in olive oil.’
    • ‘He prepared and roughly crushed and sliced some cloves of garlic.’
    • ‘Place garlic cloves in a small saucepan and cover with cold water.’
    • ‘Cut the lemon into eighths, and lightly crush the whole garlic cloves so that they just crack open.’
    • ‘Put 1 cup of the olive oil in a bowl, and crush four cloves of garlic into it.’
    • ‘To make it yourself, crush a garlic clove in a few tablespoons of olive oil and gently warm it over the stove for 30 minutes.’
    • ‘Scatter half a chopped onion, half a garlic clove, and 2 dessertspoonfuls of salt over meat.’
    • ‘Peel and chop the onion, the shallot and the garlic clove.’
    • ‘Crush three cloves of garlic in there and let the oil soak up all the garlicky goodness.’
    • ‘Sauté the blanched garlic cloves in the butter until they are lightly browned.’
    • ‘To make your garlic soup, peel eight garlic cloves and put them in a covered saucepan with two large new potatoes, skins on, and cut into small chunks.’

Origin

Old English clufu, of Germanic origin, corresponding to the first element of German Knoblauch (altered from Old High German klovolouh), and the base of cleave.

Pronunciation

clove

/klōv//kloʊv/

Main definitions of clove in US English:

: clove1clove2clove3

clove3

Pronunciation

clove

/kloʊv//klōv/