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1A place of work where membership in a union is a condition for being hired and for continued employment.
- ‘The Publish-Or-Perish syndrome has always been a fact of life for academics, and in earlier times was the subject of much amusement both within and without the fairly closed shop of the scientific world.’
- ‘The Pharmaceutical Society last night rejected a claim that it is operating a closed shop by stopping a new pharmacy degree course for 50 students going ahead.’
- ‘This is not setting up the American system of closed shops at all, as he said last night.’
- ‘Outside of the skilled trades, unions had difficulty monopolizing the labor supply, and strikes were often a necessary tactic in gaining union recognition or a closed shop.’
- ‘Even after the anti-union laws, which outlawed closed shops, Steve continued to apply this.’
- ‘Promising to reform the law profession, he said there should be no closed shops, no restrictive practices and no artificial barriers in access to or delivery of legal services.’
- ‘As he pointed out, the media tends to be a closed shop, lacking ethnic and ideological diversity.’
- ‘The days of strikes without ballots, mass picketing, closed shops and secondary action are over.’
- ‘They are operating like a closed shop and yet you cannot operate without them.’
- ‘On Saturday it will become the longest strike, surpassing the 29-day strike in 1953 that established a closed shop.’
- ‘Some business sectors in Asia were once regarded by the West as a closed shop, but deregulation is now in full stride as corporate and political leaders strive to restructure and increase competitiveness.’
- ‘In any sport the teams at the bottom stagnate if you have a closed shop.’
- ‘He is said to have shredded the letters, and the sources claimed that the national team was now a closed shop where new people and ideas were not welcome.’
- ‘Undoubtedly the freedom of association provisions were drafted with the intent of attacking unions, to break down so-called closed shops.’
- ‘How accountants would howl at this threat to their cosy closed shop, but even the most intransigent practice must see such an innovation would free their profitable management services from the taint of undue influence.’
- ‘It does not return compulsory unionism, awards, arbitration or closed shops.’
- 1.1[in singular]A system whereby a closed shop applies.‘the outlawing of the closed shop’
- ‘The way in which these people are selected and appointed is almost a closed shop and I can't see that changing.’
- ‘I look forward to the Government applying the same attitude to student unions, law societies, and all other closed-shop unions and professions where it is compulsory to join.’
- ‘When the arbitration board handed down its award, the longshoremen were granted hiring halls jointly controlled by the ship owners and the union, but with a union dispatcher that in practice assured the closed shop.’
- ‘Bosses could be forced to sack anyone who did not toe the union line because of the closed shop system.’
- ‘While the trade unions still control access to employment in the sector through a closed-shop policy, they are in no position to present any serious challenge.’
- ‘By its very nature, however, and by the internal closed-shop culture it inhabits, news media tends to only give space to a limited number of opinions.’
- ‘The interested amateur is likely to be repelled and hurt by this attitude of closed-shop trade-unionism.’
- ‘By contrast, union members - especially in closed-shop industries - cannot simply renounce their union memberships, unless they're also willing to quit their jobs.’
- ‘He alienated his workforce, and when they unionised and campaigned for the closed shop, he destroyed the union during a 13-week strike and lockout.’
- ‘There are no restrictions to practice in this market, there is no closed shop and there are no cosy arrangements whereby there are limited panel numbers.’
- ‘To those on the right who argue that that is a return to compulsory unionism or a replica of the closed shop system in America, I say that that is total nonsense.’
- ‘The closed shop was outlawed in local and public employment, and public employees were restricted in the unions they could join.’
- ‘We have made the first crucial changes in trade union law to remove the worst abuses of the closed shop, to restrict picketing to the place of work of the parties in dispute, and to encourage secret ballots.’
closed shop/ˈklōzd ˈSHäp/
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