Definition of clinical in English:

clinical

adjective

  • 1Relating to the observation and treatment of actual patients rather than theoretical or laboratory studies.

    ‘clinical medicine’
    ‘clinical drug trials’
    • ‘Biological therapy is now being studied in clinical trials for use in colon cancer treatment.’
    • ‘The findings of the present study have important clinical implications for patient care.’
    • ‘The present study was performed in a tumor-bearing rat model, preceding clinical studies in patients with ovarian cancer.’
    • ‘Treatment patients showed better clinical outcome at delivery, with higher average infant birth weight measures and Apgar scores.’
    • ‘The secondary objective was to study the clinical response to treatment.’
    • ‘Most patients in clinical trials had osteolytic bone metastases on imaging studies.’
    • ‘He leaves the impression that no herb has ever been subjected to chemical, laboratory, or clinical study and found safe.’
    • ‘In this study we describe the clinical and laboratory features of the patients with and without mycobacteraemia.’
    • ‘Many patients also participate in clinical research studies that evaluate new treatments for Alzheimer's disease.’
    • ‘I believe that access to hospital treatment should be on clinical need rather than on ability to pay.’
    • ‘We did this several years ago in a clinical study, in patients who had aneurysms who were scheduled to undergo surgery.’
    • ‘However, such approaches are obviously of little help for clinical studies in patients.’
    • ‘Some doctors even enroll and treat patients in clinical studies that are paid for by companies they own.’
    • ‘We can use clinical research, studying patients.’
    • ‘We also discuss the treatment and clinical outcome of these patients.’
    • ‘Their emphasis on clerical rather than clinical management of patients has been a feature of recent times.’
    • ‘The study, involving clinical trials on Christie patients, will cost around £40,000.’
    • ‘Sheskin later conducted double-blind clinical studies on ENL patients in Venezuela.’
    • ‘The company said clinical trials showed the drug helps patients achieve lower blood sugar when injected prior to meals.’
    • ‘The contribution of animal studies to clinical medicine requires urgent formal evaluation.’
    1. 1.1(of a disease or condition) causing observable and recognizable symptoms.
      ‘clinical depression’
      • ‘Ultimately, these strategies will be applied earlier in the sequence during a stage that we do not yet recognise as clinical diabetes.’
      • ‘Recognizing the symptoms of clinical depression and getting help early can help prevent serious problems, experts say.’
      • ‘These trials compared SSRIs with placebo in adults with depression and other clinical conditions.’
      • ‘Aspirin induced asthma is a distinct clinical syndrome affecting some asthmatic patients.’
      • ‘Mycobacterium fortuitum is known for producing a wide spectrum of clinical disease.’
      • ‘The clinical syndrome of bronchial asthma has been known for centuries.’
      • ‘Heart failure is a clinical syndrome which has reached epidemic proportions.’
      • ‘Such data are not currently available and would certainly provide important insight into clinical diseases.’
      • ‘Absent any clinical disease, it's hard to argue that the pesticides are causing significant harm.’
      • ‘Symptoms of clinical depression usually begin by early adulthood.’
      • ‘Cows can be contaminating milk before they show evidence of clinical disease.’
      • ‘Years to decades after the acute phase, chronic clinical disease may appear as a heart or bowel disorder.’
      • ‘Thus, unsuccessful aging can be considered a risk factor for clinical disease.’
      • ‘Treating the presence of a genetic marker as though it were the clinical disease can be very unhelpful.’
      • ‘Also, we emphasize that not all individuals with high anti-GAD antibody levels necessarily develop the clinical disease.’
      • ‘Trachoma was described as a clinical disease thousands of years before the bacterium was first isolated and identified.’
      • ‘We are looking primarily for the appearance of all the autoantibodies that have been shown to be a predictor of clinical diabetes.’
      • ‘Sahn and Hefner recently reviewed the clinical condition of spontaneous pneumothorax.’
      • ‘Some individuals with clinical disease have no such antibodies detectable.’
      • ‘Both have a level of clinical illness and both have a level of stress, which is very much surprising.’
  • 2Efficient and unemotional; coldly detached.

    ‘the clinical detail of a textbook’
    • ‘Belvaux conveys the icy determination of the lone assassin with clinical efficiency.’
    • ‘They speak with a somewhat clinical detachment that ironically casts many of their observations and findings in a rather dramatic light.’
    • ‘Behavioural research derives its authority from notions of scientific rigour and clinical detachment.’
    • ‘The problem with this analysis is that only geeks and journalists are listening to Apple's story with that sort of clinical attention to detail.’
    • ‘He brought to the art of batsmanship a clinical and almost frightening efficiency.’
    • ‘The joy of McNeil's book is that it characterises the mess with such clear and clinical efficiency.’
    • ‘He confronts their arguments in almost clinical detail.’
    • ‘Lazy journalists tend to think that his stuff is very clinical and detached, but behind all of that is an enormous heart pumping away.’
    • ‘The sheer clinical distance of those words, days after the attack, speaks volumes.’
    • ‘Combined with Dahl's clinical distance from the material, this means a potentially outstanding war movie is diluted into merely a good one.’
    • ‘Too often, the clinical eye of business looks past human needs and focuses only on the accounts.’
    • ‘It's distanced, almost clinical and that in turn leads to a great deal of gallows humour.’
    • ‘I want it to be efficient, clinical, impartial and polite.’
    • ‘She does it with a mixture of clinical efficiency and anger.’
    • ‘But that should not take away from the overall performance of a Bridge squad that played its football with a ruthless and clinical efficiency.’
    • ‘Some have accused her of coldness, of clinical detachment.’
    • ‘He demanded an almost clinical level of detachment between actors and audience.’
    • ‘Strange that it should be the coldly clinical camera lens that captured the hidden emotions everyone else missed on his face.’
    • ‘In the alley on the lower deck, I find seamen from all over India sharing jokes and working with clinical efficiency.’
    • ‘It doesn't happen with the clinical detachment that they tell it with.’
    detached, impersonal, dispassionate, objective, uninvolved, distant, remote, aloof, removed, cold, indifferent, neutral, unsympathetic, unfeeling, unemotional, non-emotional, unsentimental
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    1. 2.1(of a room or building) bare, functional, and clean.
      • ‘A museum is necessarily clinical, and as a professor of history I can walk through it with the detachment and assurance of a doctor.’
      • ‘The ambience of the interior, according to Halford, is ‘very clinical, clean and pure’.’
      • ‘There's something unmistakably clean and clinical about the Westmount Spa.’
      • ‘Laboratory life may seem austerely clean and clinical, but it is by no means genteel.’
      • ‘It is all clean and clinical: concrete everywhere, no mud, no puddles, none of the smell of the countryside.’
      • ‘We can offer you clinical facilities at the JFK Hospital to begin with, and we will ask to use your expertise to help us equip whatever surgical room you will need.’
      • ‘The first was the cocktail bar, very plush, almost empty and looking very clean and clinical.’
      • ‘The hospitals were commended for their good signposting, bright and uncluttered corridors and clinical areas with helpful and organised support staff.’
      • ‘Imagine a clinical, morgue-like room, all stainless steel and green rubber sheets.’

Origin

Late 18th century: from Greek klinikē bedside (see clinic) + -al.

Pronunciation:

clinical

/ˈklinək(ə)l/