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A social order that depends upon relations of patronage; in particular, a political approach that emphasizes or exploits such relations.
- ‘This would be consistent with the idea of armed clientelism.’
- ‘Novel aspects of state society relations such as clientelism and patrimonialism were opened up to inquiry.’
- ‘He is currently examining the influence of clientelism on government decision making in democracies.’
- ‘Kin played a major role in such arrangements, they add, finding ‘the social organization of whole families into grids of clientelism.’’
- ‘In the context of patrimonial politics and a warlord economy, an important key to understanding child clientism is the ideology of dependency in this cultural region.’
- ‘In other words, such critical theorists perpetuate what he calls ‘institutional clientism.’’
- ‘Most of our administrative structures have been framed to take account of brokerage and clientelism, posh terms for getting the man you know to fix things.’
- ‘This was particularly the case because those benefits came wrapped in a discourse of clientelism, rather than a discourse of entitlement.’
- ‘Had it governed in a more universal, traditionally social democratic fashion, this would have undermined the clientelism on which the party so heavily relied.’
- ‘These are some the more complex aspects of corruption, related to the conflict of interest, clientelism, nepotism.’
- ‘Extended kinship relations may create clientelism and protectionism as well as organized crime.’
- ‘Political clientelism brought public and private interests together and was a central feature in the consolidation of the modern state.’
- ‘And you realise very quickly that we don't incentivise people to get involved in our political process because it's all clientelism.’
- ‘Our adversarial legal system coupled with political clientism was unable to deal with it.’
- ‘The country still suffers from extensive clientelism, patronage, and corruption in anything the government does.’
- ‘Internal divisions, conflict, and factionalism tend to reflect the local face of clientelism.’
- ‘This clientelism threatens the well-being and security of the urban and rural poor and prevents the state from obtaining funds for its developmental and revenue functions.’
- ‘It will be necessary if only to protect the system from the effects of clientelism exercised from abroad and corruption within.’
- ‘In addition, clientelism and strong regional variations made formal and informal discrimination almost inevitable and highly difficult to police, even if the will to do so had existed.’
- ‘For decades, even generations, clientism has driven the relationship between politicians and local authorities, health boards, State agencies and semi-State commercial companies.’
1970s: from Italian clientelismo patronage system.
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