Main definitions of cleft in English

: cleft1cleft2

cleft1

  • past and past participle of cleave

adjective

  • Split, divided, or partially divided into two.

    ‘a cleft chin’
    • ‘Advances in neonatology and pediatric anesthesia now have made it possible to perform cleft repair surgery during the neonatal period.’
    • ‘The septal deviation may be so severe that it partially or completely obstructs the nasal passage on the cleft side.’
    • ‘He said that hair lip and cleft palette ran in his family.’
    • ‘The accessible cleft volume is reduced by an additional third to 0.051% due to the occupation of this space by protein.’
    • ‘One previous project was the Smile Campaign, which gave reconstructive surgery to children with cleft palettes and those with burns.’
    • ‘Toe and cleft ulceration developed de novo in patients treated with four layer compression bandaging for venous ulceration.’
    • ‘Latham advocates lateral maxillary advancement on the cleft side using presurgical orthopedic treatment prior to lip repair.’
    • ‘A member of the craniofacial team introduces the new parents to the parent-to-parent network available to parents of infants with cleft deformities.’
    • ‘It can help to discuss the problems with people who have had similar experiences or by having access to psychological support available from specialist cleft teams.’
    • ‘These children also often have special facial features, cardiac defects and cleft anomalies that often make their speech hypernasal.’
    • ‘Feelings of fear, guilt, resentment, inadequacy, shame, and grief are common among parents and family members of babies born with cleft deformities.’
    • ‘He prefers the Teifi coracle because he likes working with cleft wild woods such as willow, hazel and ash rather than pre-sawn materials.’
    • ‘She had his sharp nose and round face with the cleft chin.’
    • ‘The British Museum is in a bit of a cleft stick over Africa.’
    • ‘And born with severely bowed legs and cleft feet, he walked with metal braces.’
    • ‘Preoperative diagnosis of ectopic thymic tissue is rare; most cases are clinically misinterpreted as branchial cleft remnants or cystic hygromas.’
    • ‘A second patient brought mobile phone images of his partner's episodic natal cleft rash, which had defied GP and dermatological diagnosis for 3 years.’
    • ‘Painted five years earlier, the nine children of Friedrich Wilhelm Paul Leopold of Schleswig-Holstein each shared the dark eyes and cleft chin of their father.’
    • ‘Mostly, he saw Bert's fists moving rhythmically, seeming inexorably drawn to Marlon's cleft chin like magnets drawn to metal.’
    • ‘Many orthopedic conditions, just like dimples or cleft chins, are just normal variations of human anatomy that don't require treatment.’
    split, divided, cloven, parted, separated
    View synonyms

Pronunciation

cleft

/klɛft//kleft/

Main definitions of cleft in English

: cleft1cleft2

cleft2

noun

  • 1A fissure or split, especially one in rock or the ground.

    • ‘It felt as if they took most of the night to reach the little green stream in the cleft of the valley, but Bligh knew it was no more than twenty minutes.’
    • ‘These roadless hills have always been a refuge for rogues and reivers, a lawless area in times past where cattle-rustlers would hide their stolen beasts in secret clefts and hollows.’
    • ‘You plunge into a winding cleft whose strata swirl across cliffs like a serrated knife through butter.’
    • ‘We ate lunch above the east fork of Coal Wash before dropping into the deep gorge via a tricky cleft in the cliff.’
    • ‘As I stop, crouching behind a tree to conceal myself, my foot dislodges some loose soil to reveal a deep, narrow cleft between two rocks.’
    • ‘Several large, speckled stingrays ducked out of the current in small clefts in the channel wall.’
    • ‘Its northern opening was located in a small cleft in the hillside at the bottom of an arroyo within eyeshot of the Texas border.’
    • ‘It is said that this water came from the cleft in the cliffs at Kovalam.’
    • ‘A thin cleft in the rock split the ridge like a wound.’
    • ‘In others the coast is worn and cut by deep clefts.’
    • ‘Suddenly we were standing three hundred feet up, in a cleft in the vertical valley wall, looking out onto the Upper Grose Valley.’
    • ‘Rhinopomatids live in treeless arid regions and roost in caves, rock clefts, wells, houses, and pyramids.’
    • ‘The gypsy chief led the way through a stand of trees to a cleft in the mountain, a clearing of flat gray rock overlooking a deep forested valley.’
    • ‘He also noticed, growing out of a cleft in a rock in front of him, a strawberry plant with one ripe berry.’
    • ‘The kraal had been ripped asunder, and the ground within the rock cleft and by the cave entrance was littered with dead sheep.’
    • ‘Where the sky would be is a uniform grayish blank, which defines both the far horizon (the ridge line) and the uppermost cleft of the rock with one long, graceful curve.’
    • ‘Somewhat protected from the ravaging winds of the bay is the area known as Carmel Valley, a cleft in the hills that still gets its share of marine coolness.’
    • ‘One photogenic house turned out to be set in a cleft of hills so steep that it felt half-buried; several others had been sold months before.’
    • ‘The plates are separated below by an angular cleft, the pterygoid fissure, the margins of which are rough and articulate with the pyramidal process of the palatine.’
    • ‘There is an early legend that swallows and swifts hibernated in caves or clefts in the rocks.’
    split, slit, crack, fissure, crevice, chasm, opening, rift, break, fracture, rent, breach, gash
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A vertical indentation in the middle of a person's forehead or chin.
      • ‘If a particular landmark on the ear is a health indicator, why not the cleft in a chin or the tilt of a brow, asks McCarthy.’
      • ‘Her eyes trailed upwards and stopped at the small stubborn cleft in his square chin.’
      • ‘I have got photos of my client with these red lips and a big old cleft on his chin which he didn't have previously.’
      • ‘He ran his thumb down the cleft of his chin, self-consciously, over a small vertical shaving nick on the cleft of his chin.’
      • ‘His deep Italian accent made him look all the more adorable as did the small mole left on the cleft of his dimpled chin.’
      • ‘She noticed that he had a small cleft on his chin that she'd never noticed before.’
      • ‘The image of him was quickly fading from Kathleen's mind, but she remembered his firm chin, with a decided cleft down its middle.’
      • ‘There was a small cleft in his strong square chin and long dark eyelashes framed eyes the same rich dark brown as his hair.’
      • ‘Suddenly his hand appeared on my chin, namely the rounded edges of his thumb ran back and forth against the cleft of my chin, then rested motionless right in the center.’
      • ‘The cleft at the forehead is .3 cm wide and 1.2 cm in depth, and the edges were carefully rounded.’
      • ‘And the last one with the cleft in his chin who's all around nice and funny… his name is Marco.’
    2. 1.2 A deep division between two parts of the body.
      • ‘For this reason, many children with clefts have myringotomy tubes surgically inserted into their ears at the time of their first reconstructive surgery.’
      • ‘There is no nerve plexus in the clefts between these muscle layers.’
      • ‘Ulceration mainly occurred on the dorsum of the medial three toes and interdigital clefts, occasionally extending to the sole of the foot.’
      • ‘The management that can be used is either to place some sort of obturator in the cleft or to close the cleft with available tissue of the roof of the mouth.’
      • ‘Children with clefts often don't have enough tissue in their mouths, and the tissue they do have isn't fused together properly to form the roof of their mouths.’
      • ‘This cleft is relatively deeper in larger individuals.’
      • ‘Some studies have linked benzodiazepine use during pregnancy to facial cleft and skeletal abnormalities in the fetus.’
      • ‘It diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to the end organ adrenergic receptor.’
      • ‘Stillbirth rates were not different in areas with fluoridation, nor were rates of trisomies, Down's syndrome, neural tube defects, and facial clefts.’
      • ‘These clefts are usually incomplete clefts of the lip only.’
      • ‘Significant areas of fraying, hemorrhage, granulation tissue, or an unusually deep cleft also suggest lesions.’
      • ‘He or she will feel for pulses behind your inside ankle bone or in the cleft between your big and next toe.’
      • ‘The surgeon will make an incision on each side of the cleft from the lip to the nostril.’
      • ‘Many children who have clefts continue to work with a speech therapist throughout their grade-school years.’
      • ‘Two major types of oral-facial clefts are cleft lip/palate and isolated cleft palate.’
      • ‘It is rare that tissue is needed from elsewhere in the body to close a cleft.’
      • ‘Oral-facial clefts are birth defects in which the tissues of the mouth or lip don't form properly during fetal development.’
      • ‘The focus in the middle ear cleft may present as painless otorrhoea.’
      • ‘Jynx felt at the barely noticeable cleft, tracing her fingers down it until about hip-height.’
      • ‘Post-op, patients are asked to refrain from sitting for about seven to 10 days because pressure can re-open the surgical incision, hidden in the cleft of the buttocks.’

Origin

Middle English clift: of Germanic origin; related to Dutch kluft and German Kluft, also to cleave. The form of the word was altered in the 16th century by association with cleft.

Pronunciation

cleft

/kleft//klɛft/