Definition of circumstance in English:

circumstance

noun

  • 1usually circumstancesA fact or condition connected with or relevant to an event or action.

    ‘we wanted to marry but circumstances didn't permit’
    • ‘Was there any other way to mitigate the wretched circumstances of his life?’
    • ‘Where difficult circumstances arose, rather than tell lies, the organisation would be silent.’
    • ‘He'd agreed to the deal very quickly, too quickly, even given the extenuating circumstances.’
    • ‘She said there were special circumstances prevailing in the State that require special consideration.’
    • ‘In the meantime it created embarrassment and difficulties for the College in considering her extenuating circumstances.’
    • ‘We will need to take speed and circumstance into consideration if these plans are to work sensibly.’
    • ‘The issues would have to be judged on the circumstances at the time.’
    • ‘People will look at the circumstances on the ground and see what is needed.’
    • ‘In my view it was an opinion which is justified by the particular circumstances of the case.’
    • ‘But the judgment whether exceptional circumstances exist is not quantitative only, but may be qualitative also.’
    • ‘They have just faxed us to say there are unable to travel because of unforeseen circumstances beyond their control.’
    • ‘"I think it makes sense for colleges to take into account the life circumstances of individual applicants.’
    • ‘Normally, in ordinary circumstances, his drop wouldn't have been a problem.’
    • ‘Finally, the authors suggest that the second patient's difficult social circumstances affect her suitability for transplantation.’
    • ‘She knew that had the circumstances been different she would want more than his friendship.’
    • ‘Sure, he wasn't following the " exact rules, " but certain circumstances had changed them.’
    • ‘She landed safely in his, but that had not changed the dire circumstances of the moment.’
    • ‘Strategic aims and circumstances have traditionally dictated campaign concepts.’
    • ‘Given the difficult circumstances, they all act with incredible grace.’
    • ‘Against that background I consider the particular circumstances of the two claimants.’
    situation, conditions, set of conditions, state of affairs, things, position
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 An event or fact that causes or helps to cause something to happen, typically something undesirable.
      ‘he was found dead but there were no suspicious circumstances’
      ‘they were thrown together by circumstance’
      • ‘Now it hardly needs adding that mitigating circumstances exist for the dearth of success on the ski slopes.’
      • ‘He states that there were extenuating circumstances which justify the delay in filing the income tax returns.’
      • ‘But they are thrown together by circumstance, of the imperative to experience every moment as if it were their last, which it might well be.’
      • ‘Now, the circumstances of the aggravation as alleged by the prosecution are not correct.’
      • ‘There is a policy, already in operation, for certain officers to carry arms, under certain unusual circumstances.’
      • ‘Rumour and speculation have since run riot on the circumstances of his death.’
      • ‘Police say there were no suspicious circumstances surrounding the fire.’
      • ‘To be just, the law must also be flexible enough to take unusual circumstances into account.’
      • ‘What is distracting about these two are the circumstances of their political demise.’
      • ‘No one bothered to investigate the true circumstances of her death.’
      • ‘The varying economic circumstances of different markets must be taken into account.’
      • ‘The two also have a stimulating discussion about whether murder can ever be justified by extenuating circumstances.’
      • ‘"The process is sufficiently fair to cater for the exceptional circumstances of the case, " the judgment read.’
      • ‘Once the decision is made, barring extraordinary, unforeseen circumstances, it should not be reversed.’
      • ‘Similar circumstances forced the cancellation of races at least two other times in recent years.’
      • ‘Despite the general principle excluding liability for omissions, liability may arise in certain exceptional circumstances.’
      • ‘Staying would give me the opportunity to see how to make change happen in difficult circumstances.’
      • ‘Again, thanks to circumstances beyond our control, our competitiveness has been eroded.’
      • ‘But, since there are no outlined commitments to stay with each other, what if unforeseen circumstances arise?’
      • ‘His parents have spoken of their concerns about the circumstances of his death.’
      the facts, the details, the particulars, the picture, how things stand, the lie of the land, how the land lies, the case
      View synonyms
  • 2One's state of financial or material welfare.

    ‘the artists are living in reduced circumstances’
    • ‘It is on the basis of a family's financial circumstances, and I think that is proper.’
    • ‘Accordingly, I am satisfied there has been no material change in your circumstances.’
    • ‘In the end, however, moving home tends to be driven by personal rather than financial circumstances.’
    • ‘The magistrates, who can grant financial help in extreme circumstances, turned down his request.’
    • ‘Magistrates agreed not to impose any financial penalty due to his financial circumstances.’
    • ‘Instead, he opted to look ahead, seeking to build his own team in improved financial circumstances.’
    • ‘These rebates are much more generous to pensioners with the same level of income and other circumstances.’
    • ‘Children in these circumstances often take on the family finances just to survive.’
    • ‘The problem is rather that his material circumstances are not in his control.’
    • ‘It was a poorly paid job and he was brought up in financially difficult circumstances.’
    financial position, material position, financial situation, material situation, financial status, material status, station in life, lot, lifestyle
    View synonyms

Phrases

  • under (or in) the circumstances

    • Given the difficult nature of the situation.

      ‘she had every right to be angry under the circumstances’
      • ‘Yet, something about his nature seemed odd under the circumstances.’
      • ‘Otherwise it is difficult to discuss anything under the circumstances.’
      • ‘She was deemed to have used reasonable force under the circumstances.’
      • ‘It's an excellent gesture, particularly under the circumstances.’
      • ‘The ground held up very well under the circumstances but footing was difficult and the ball was extremely greasy.’
      • ‘I personally would find it difficult to maintain a detached tone under the circumstances.’
      • ‘Next comes the question of whether this really could have been pulled off at all under the circumstances.’
      • ‘I think we have to go ahead and do the best we can under the circumstances.’
      • ‘This request by the Prime Minister's office would therefore seem excessive under the circumstances.’
      • ‘You couldn't have asked for a happier ending under the circumstances, and it's all true.’
  • under (or in) no circumstances

    • Never, whatever the situation is or might be.

      ‘under no circumstances may the child be identified’
      • ‘You later apologise for losing your temper, but are then given a written warning and told that under no circumstances must you act the same way again.’
      • ‘And remember - there is to be no short selling unless normal investors want to buy, and under no circumstances should you go short if you think the market might fall.’
      • ‘But under no circumstances should you keep quiet.’
      • ‘And the thing that was in my mind was that Greece, under no circumstances whatsoever, should end up in civil war.’
      • ‘So you're basically saying under no circumstances would you either seek or accept the vice presidential nomination?’
      • ‘However, under no circumstances will we transmit a piece of evidence if it could be used to back up a death sentence.’
      • ‘So, under no circumstances will there be subsidies?’
      • ‘We want to remind the public under no circumstances should anyone enter the fenced-off land.’
      • ‘It can help, definitely, but under no circumstances would we ever say it would cure something.’
      • ‘I will never leave a fallen comrade to fall into the hands of the enemy and under no circumstances will I ever embarrass my country.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French circonstance or Latin circumstantia, from circumstare ‘encircle, encompass’, from circum ‘around’ + stare ‘stand’.

Pronunciation