Definition of chromosome in English:

chromosome

noun

Biology
  • A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes.

    • ‘The sex chromosomes are placed to the right of the smallest autosomal chromosomes.’
    • ‘So a genetic map is an abstract entity that tells you the relative positions of genes on chromosomes.’
    • ‘Our genes are located on 46 paired structures, or chromosomes, in the cell nucleus.’
    • ‘The sizes of the two centromeres from the homologous chromosomes are different.’
    • ‘Ring chromosomes, chromatid exchanges and polyploidies were also observed at some treatments.’

Origin

Late 19th century: coined in German from Greek khrōma color + sōma body.

Pronunciation:

chromosome

/ˈkrōməˌsōm/