Main definitions of chop in English

: chop1chop2chop3

chop1

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Cut (something) into pieces with repeated sharp blows of an ax or knife.

    ‘they chopped up the pulpit for firewood’
    ‘finely chop the parsley’
    • ‘A portion of each sample was chopped into small pieces, frozen, and homogenized in fresh CTAB extraction buffer.’
    • ‘To isolate protoplasts, the embryonic axes were chopped into small pieces using a razor blade.’
    • ‘It was chopped up into small pieces and taken away.’
    • ‘The volunteers collect several tonnes of wood and then chop it into manageable pieces, ready for the fireplace.’
    • ‘Wash the pepper and chop it into pieces about as big as the beef.’
    • ‘Large pieces of jewellery were often chopped up into smaller pieces known as ‘hack-silver’ to make up the exact weight of silver required.’
    • ‘Sycamore are usually the worst and can remain dry at the bottom of the pile unless they are chopped up and soaked before stacking.’
    • ‘Well, if they think that then they have to be chopped up into little pieces!’
    • ‘They are chopped up and mulched and used in the planting of other trees.’
    • ‘The salmon came with finely chopped egg and a sharp piquant sauce with horseradish base and was simply excellent.’
    • ‘They first asked me if it was OK if they chopped the tree into pieces.’
    • ‘A sharp knife is not required to chop the story to pieces; a dull two-by-four will suffice.’
    • ‘If you don't want to crunch through large, raw pieces of onion in your burger, finely chop the onions, or mince them in a food processor, before adding to the meat.’
    • ‘Blend it until the garlic is chopped up and the marinade forms an emulsion.’
    • ‘The harvested plant material was chopped up and returned to the soil to allow it to decompose so that no labelled nitrogen was lost from the system.’
    • ‘Halve the red chillies, scrape out the seeds with the point of a knife then chop the flesh finely.’
    • ‘I garnished with strips of prosciutto and finely chopped chives and parsley.’
    • ‘Season inside and stuff with finely chopped onion and parsley.’
    • ‘After that, take them out and leave them to soften slightly for 15 to 20 minutes, then peel them with a sharp knife and chop them into chunks.’
    • ‘Once they are weighed and measured, their location noted, the whales are chopped up, shipped back to Japan, and sold on the open market.’
    cut up, cut into pieces, chop up
    chop up, cut up, cut into pieces, hew, split, cleave
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1chop something off Remove something by cutting.
      ‘they chopped off all her hair’
      • ‘George's fingertip was finally re-attached 22 hours after it was chopped off in an accident - but it was too late and the operation failed.’
      • ‘The biggest problem with this film is the book it's based on, the last 25 minutes could be chopped off.’
      • ‘That is why Oliver Cromwell permitted King Charles the First to be dressed like a king and to act like a king up until the final moments when his head was chopped off.’
      • ‘They didn't chop them off as rapidly in those days like they do now.’
      • ‘And at the same time, there are tight metal bands around my legs and arms, so tight they make me want to chop them off.’
      • ‘But once he's also chopped the block off of that last one, you might be a bit more suspicious.’
      • ‘Dozens of shoppers looked on as paramedics and firefighters descended on a crashed car in Hull city centre, stabilising the traumatised driver and chopping the roof off her car.’
      • ‘He underwent an 18-hour operation at Withington Hospital in Manchester after his fingers were chopped off in a guillotine accident.’
      • ‘‘It was not like it was an accident - someone took an axe or saw and chopped them off deliberately,’ he said.’
      • ‘This controversy comes a month after council chiefs in South Shields sparked outrage by chopping branches off a horse chestnut tree.’
      • ‘‘With the battery farming of chickens, they are kept in cages the size of an A4 piece of paper and their beaks are chopped off to stop them attacking each other, which they may do due to all the stress they're put under,’ he explains.’
      • ‘I thought that if I let go, the car door would chop my head off.’
      • ‘It does need keeping in hand, but that can easily be done by chopping bits off to give to your friends.’
      • ‘If I spend one night away from him I feel as if my right arm has been chopped off.’
      • ‘‘If I got hold of the person who did it, I'd chop their hands off,’ said Mrs Humphries, who is a member of the residents' association and discovered they had been robbed on Saturday morning.’
      • ‘One morning I chopped it off and can't say I've ever missed it.’
      • ‘‘Roots are chopped off while digging the ground, which weakens the tree,’ he explained.’
      • ‘I end up buying them and chopping the bottoms off.’
      • ‘Luke's mother Julia told the Guardian: ‘When he gave the snapping turtle some lettuce its head popped out and it spat at him and nearly chopped his fingers off.’’
      • ‘The new air ambulance and base will chop crucial minutes off the usual time it would take the Darlington based helicopter to reach Cumbrian casualties.’
      sever, cut off, hack off, slice off, lop off, saw off, shear off
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Cut through the base of (a tree or similar plant) with blows from an ax or other implement, in order to fell it.
      ‘the boy chopped down eight trees’
      • ‘When she saw that numerous trees had been chopped down she refused workers access through her land the next day.’
      • ‘The trees, which have been chopped down, but not uprooted, have been replaced by new turf.’
      • ‘The fence will be 2.5 metres high and that will mean much of the greenery will have to be chopped down for it to be installed.’
      • ‘Legend has it that Carver once chopped down a cherry tree.’
      • ‘Large pine trees were left standing but smaller silver birch and beech trees were chopped down.’
      • ‘Councillor Ryan said the council was powerless to prevent the trees from being chopped down as it does not own the land.’
      • ‘Over the years we complained as they got bigger and two trees were chopped down and the one nearest the house was pruned as it was by then nearly covering the roof.’
      • ‘Hazel trees were chopped down and new shoots were allowed to grow from the stump.’
      • ‘Enraged homeowners are calling for action against developers, who chopped down dozens of trees near a former asbestos factory.’
      • ‘As soon as they moved out, the landlord came and dug up the garden and chopped down every single tree.’
      • ‘He also stripped the ivy from the house and chopped down the oak trees, including one with a treehouse built for the previous residents' kids.’
      • ‘Other species which were illegally chopped down included acacia, longan, banana and ivy trees, all found in Hong Kong's countryside.’
      • ‘More than 300 six-year-old oak and beech trees have been chopped down at the Millennium Wood at Crowle, North Lincolnshire.’
      • ‘In the first stage, 8,000 trees are being treated with a copper spray, to contain the canker when trees are chopped down and burnt.’
      • ‘‘The trees to be chopped down were identified, but the work to uproot them was not completed,’ sources say.’
      • ‘Before it was built, locals waged a long but vain battle to save the Italian poplar tree which was eventually chopped down.’
      • ‘Residents in Station Road are angry trees have been chopped down to prevent leaves falling on to the railway line.’
      • ‘First of all, we'll save a lot of trees from being chopped down.’
      • ‘Already 13 maple trees have had to be chopped down in a playground only a few minutes from Central Park.’
      • ‘Haitians have chopped down so many trees that the soil is eroding, making it harder to farm.’
      cut down, fell, bring down, hack down, saw down
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 Strike (something) with a short heavy blow, as if cutting at something.
      • ‘Boone chopped a grounder to Bill Mueller, but the ball spun out of the third baseman's grasp for a charitable infield single to load the bases.’
      • ‘Novak becomes the first man to hold serve after Henman chops an attempted stop-volley wide.’
      • ‘I hate the idea of missing a fairway and having to just chop it out of heavy rough.’
      • ‘Webb got Steve Finley to fly out and struck out Milton Bradley, and then Beltre chopped a ball to the left side.’
      • ‘Guzman chopped a ball which Cairo cut off in short right but had no play on, loading the bases.’
      • ‘Humphreys, having started the wickets rolling by snaring Martin Leech with a snick to Walker, then got a delivery to lift and Kaushal chopped it onto his stumps for 12.’
      • ‘Guzman now is trying to chop the ball on the ground and use his speed.’
      • ‘Bruyns chopped a ball onto his stumps and Gamiet spooned a catch to mid-on.’
      • ‘McLaren, who had been over-indulgent on the left flank, eventually managed to unravel himself from close marking and chop the ball back to Hay, who launched a long cross into the box.’
      • ‘He chops his second out of the rough to 40 yards short of the green but on the grass surrounding a nasty pot bunker.’
      • ‘With the Yanks leading 2-1, Orlando Cabrera chopped a ball to third base to lead off the bottom of the sixth.’
      • ‘The impetus was maintained by Mirza who struck a confident run-a-ball 40, while Walker was unlucky to chop the ball onto his stumps for 27 and so end his knock.’
      • ‘His ball shot through the green and settled in the thick rough behind the green but the South African chopped it out and sank it for a birdie.’
      • ‘Bowling closer to the batsman's body may have seen an intended cut fly to slip or chop the ball onto the stumps, but it was not to be, and the English attack was accordingly flayed.’
      • ‘Five pitches later, Sierra chopped a pitch that a charging Millar fielded halfway between first and home.’
      • ‘Under pressure, the Motherwell midfielder Simo Valakari tried to chop the ball back from the touchline to his central defender Grieg Denham.’
      • ‘He chopped a ball hard on to his leg stump but the bail, instead of falling, spun and settled lengthways across the top of the stump, completely clear of the middle stump.’
  • 2Abolish or reduce the size of (something) in a way regarded as ruthless.

    ‘their training courses are to be chopped’
    • ‘Exports to Iran, Iraq, China, and Egypt were chopped.’
    • ‘The strategy is risky, but suppliers say it is the result of years of intensive pressure to chop prices.’
    • ‘At the same time it also announced plans to chop 3,000 jobs in a bid to reduce costs.’
    • ‘Staffing levels at the city's library could be chopped.’
    • ‘The firm put forward plans to chop Sunday bus services on three routes in the area.’
    reduce drastically, cut
    View synonyms

noun

  • 1A downward cutting blow or movement, typically with the hand.

    ‘an effective chop to the back of the neck’
    • ‘On the 41st minute though referee David Ross had Downpatrick howling for his instant dismissal of Peter Telford whose tackle seemed more a case of bad timing than a vicious chop.’
    • ‘With one arm out, the hapless soldier was quickly disarmed, then dispatched by a chop across his neck as he turned to run.’
    • ‘If it's a good excuse they get one light karate chop to the forehead if it's not they get a chop to the head and stomach.’
    • ‘He landed a fist to her chin and she countered with a chop to his neck.’
    • ‘Neither talked for quite a while, both just sat listening to the steady swish, chop, swish, chop, of the axe in the wood.’
    • ‘Chuck does an oddly contrapuntal kung fu chop in the aisle.’
    • ‘Raymond leaped forward with a downward chop from his long sword.’
    • ‘Then she made two quick movements - first a quick, but effective chop to Bobby's neck, then a retrieval of the gun.’
    • ‘As the swimmer completes his pull with a quick, downward chop of the hand, notice that he still maintains a broad surface area with the hand.’
    • ‘Within seconds, downward chops and low slashes signal the beginning of the engagement.’
    • ‘Then, with a single disarming chop to the back of his neck, Alex's eyes rolled back into his head, he swayed once, and then fell on the floor.’
    • ‘He watched his father's neat, even blows, chops, cuts, and parries.’
    • ‘I stepped to the side, easily avoiding a downwards chop.’
    • ‘Then a minute later the first yellow card and subsequent sending off ever in the National Hurling League came when James Walsh was sent to the line after a chop on his opposite number Gerry Quinn.’
    • ‘A chop strikes home, straight to the skull, a head is bloodied.’
  • 2A thick slice of meat, especially pork or lamb, adjacent to and often including a rib.

    • ‘The menu is filled with stylish comfort foods like liver and onions, wood-smoked pork chops, and shell steak smothered in crisps of pancetta.’
    • ‘Other Sunset Specials include egg and bacon quiche, steak sandwich, pork chop with a choice of mushroom or peppercorn sauces and even a chicken curry Madras.’
    • ‘I would also be happy to drink this with simple grilled red meats such as steak, or lamb chops.’
    • ‘Veal chops and tuna and pork tenderloin are wonderfully grilled but shortchanged of their distinctive spices.’
    • ‘And the pork chop has both a studding of sage and an artichoke confit to thank for its holiday-dinner aroma.’
    • ‘Among the English classics will be steak and kidney pudding, lamb chump chops, topside of beef, bangers and mash, and fish, chips and peas.’
    • ‘In the last year I have added it to white bean soup, squid with peas, chorizo stews, grilled lamb chops, roasted vegetables, baked beans, beef burgers and fish stew.’
    • ‘Pork chops in a Peking-style barbecue sauce are scrumptious.’
    • ‘The restaurant serves a range of culinary treats and the head chef lists fillet steak, veal chops and seabass among his specialities.’
    • ‘Roasted cod has a brisk glaze of vinegar and Riesling; thin, tender venison chops are paired with an engaging juniper-and-celery-root gratin.’
    • ‘So for Father's Day, I grilled thick pork chops - almost 2 inches deep - topped with a mint pesto and grilled yams and then sautéed green beans.’
    • ‘It's best used when grilling kabobs, burgers, chops and steaks.’
    • ‘Finally, they would bring the entrée, which might be a steak, lamb chops, roast pork, rabbit, ox tail stew or veal.’
    • ‘In the past two weeks I have barbecued skinny lamb chops marinated in spicy harissa, Greek sausages, calamari and some beautiful little sardines.’
    • ‘Heat the oil in a frying pan and sear the pork chops for four minutes on one side, pressing them down in the pan.’
    • ‘Cut open bag and slice lamb into individual chops.’
    • ‘In today's society we go to the market to pick up steaks, pork chops, bacon, and other meat products, and we normally don't think twice about it.’
    • ‘There are four main portions cut from the pig carcass that qualify as pork chops: center cut chops, rib chops, blade chops, and pork sirloin chops.’
    • ‘We'll have lamb chops, or a steak with mashed potato.’
    • ‘If you order the thick lamb chops, have them drizzled with anchovy butter; the grilled pompano is good enough to eat alone.’
  • 3North American Crushed or ground grain used as animal feed.

    • ‘At least 30 peer-reviewed studies from grain, silage and green chop were analyzed.’
    • ‘Cut high to leave lower stalks in the field and never allow green chop to heat in the wagon or feed bunk.’
    • ‘To adjust price back to green chop, account for losses during storage.’
  • 4in singular The broken motion of water, typically due to the action of the wind against the tide.

    ‘we started our run into a two-foot chop’
    • ‘The tide had perceptibly slackened and the surface of the sea settled from a small chop to an oily slick in which virtually every subsurface movement for yards around the boat could be seen though our polarised sunglasses.’
    • ‘In the morning the rain had stopped but the skies were dark and dirty, and the sea full of chop.’
    • ‘The wind is blowing fresh out of the east, funneling up the river, and the tide is ebbing hard, setting up a steep chop.’
    • ‘The bulbous bow does bounce in small chop, but the clever design makes the Sitka feel as stable as a boat two inches wider.’
    • ‘A westerly gale had hit the area earlier in the evening, and there was a severe chop in the harbor.’
    • ‘I told the technical advisor: five-foot chop does not contribute to quality surf.’
    • ‘Sun angle, wind chop and experience all are factors, as are these fishes' abilities to make themselves invisible.’
    • ‘Once a week, sometimes twice, without any apparent reason, the wind changes to the west in the Gulf, and brings western waves during the afternoon that cause a small chop but no roll.’
    • ‘There's a bit of a wind blowing, and Lough Derg has a respectable chop on its waters.’
    • ‘The boat can be a bit tricky to handle in a following sea in part because the fine entry that makes her superb in a chop acts against her in a following sea.’
    • ‘A gale had come up, turning the surface of the sea to whitecapped, agitated chop.’
    • ‘This is nearly twice the power usually found on boats this size and provides lots of power for punching through chop and motoring against foul winds and currents.’
    • ‘The sea was lathering into a whitecapped chop and the wind was piping up.’
    • ‘Some are more suited to the heavy chop of open water.’
    • ‘From belowdecks the heartbeat picked up and darker smoke pumped from the smokestack as the engines were throttled up, the bow cutting through a light chop and sending a mist of icy spray across the deck.’
    • ‘While there may be a bit of chop on the water - rising costs being a growing fan complaint - overall the NASCAR ship is sailing on smooth seas.’

Phrases

  • chop logic

    • Argue in a tiresomely pedantic way; quibble.

      • ‘The Navy approach comes across as theoretical because it uses a textbook approach based on ‘chop logic’ and is not utilitarian.’
      • ‘Does not this beautiful piece of chop logic rely on a false equivalence between hunting to eat and looking for sexual gratification?’
      • ‘Instead, they talk, chopping logic, competing with Alice and each other, and often mentioning things ‘natural’ animals might be imagined to talk about, like fear, death, and being eaten.’

Origin

Late Middle English: variant of chap.

Pronunciation

chop

/tʃɑp//CHäp/

Main definitions of chop in English

: chop1chop2chop3

chop2

verb

in phrase chop and change
British
informal
  • Change one's opinions or behavior repeatedly and abruptly.

    ‘teachers are fed up with having to chop and change with every twist in government policy’
    • ‘They tend to give players opportunities and a run in the first team whereas others, and I am not being unkind, would chop and change.’
    • ‘There are a number of good quality players at the club and this tempted Keegan to chop and change too much.’
    • ‘We want to provide stability in the batting order so we don't want to chop and change.’
    • ‘They chop and change, depending on which way the stock-market wind is blowing at the time.’
    • ‘Once again I am experiencing a mixture of feelings, which chop and change from one moment to the next.’
    • ‘You have to have the ability to chop and change.’
    • ‘Injuries have meant that we've had to chop and change, so it has been difficult to stay fresh.’
    • ‘We have a lot of games over Christmas and the boss is going to chop and change the side.’
    • ‘They are not afraid to chop and change film techniques, split screens, or switch between documentary, illustration and drama.’
    • ‘So we've had to chop and change goalkeepers, although it still feels as if there is something of a curse.’
    • ‘Songs start and stop perfectly, sometimes several times; time signatures chop and change and not a single beat is missed.’
    • ‘There isn't a single person I wouldn't like to meet again, and I guess not a lot of people can say that about their jobs - especially not someone who works in an industry where people chop and change so often.’
    • ‘From my own perspective, I think the Australians are reaching a situation where they can chop and change the team, and I reckon that there will be an overhaul once the World Cup is over.’
    • ‘During the day I'll usually snack on a biscuit or some chocolate at some point - but I'm not fussy which kind - I chop and change according to mood and availability.’
    • ‘Given the general performance of the selection panel of the time, it is more tempting to think that, if you chop and change often enough, sooner or later the right bloke must be there at the right time.’
    • ‘But if you're a person of principle the decision about which party to support becomes confusing as times change and parties chop and change their policies.’
    • ‘Dimensions chop and change, and an almost magical dexterity keeps the viewer captivated and concentrating.’
    • ‘However, Gomez has the ability to chop and change between three vocalists, often using all three at the same time to create a wall of warm melody.’
    • ‘So how come we let the people who lead the country chop and change every few years?’
    • ‘If we find we need certain skills that we don't have at the moment, then heads may roll, although we don't want to chop and change all the time.’

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense ‘barter, exchange’): perhaps related to Old English cēap ‘bargaining, trade’; compare with chap- in chapman.

Pronunciation

chop

/tʃɑp//CHäp/

Main definitions of chop in English

: chop1chop2chop3

chop3

noun

archaic
  • A trademark; a brand of goods.

Phrases

  • not much chop

    • informal Unsatisfactory.

      ‘that veranda's not much chop in bad weather’
      • ‘I agree with you though that the link pages it generates automatically are not much chop and do tend to look like link farms.’
      • ‘The standard harness for the headlamps is not much chop.’
      • ‘Like many country people, he refers to distance in miles, and confesses he's not much chop in the kitchen.’
      • ‘The breakfast was not much chop but for the price of the rooms we did not expect a great deal.’
      • ‘I can orienteer but am not much chop with a compass, I can't do rope work and I don't love my mountain bike, in fact I have only been on it 6 times.’

Origin

Early 19th century: from Hindi chāp ‘stamp, brand’ (see chaap).

Pronunciation

chop

/CHäp//tʃɑp/