1(in medieval science and medicine) one of the four bodily humors, identified with bile, believed to be associated with a peevish or irascible temperament.Also called yellow bile
acrimony, resentment, rancour, sourness, acerbity, asperityView synonyms
- ‘The humoral theory, on the other hand, viewed disease as an imbalance among the body's four basic principles: blood (the sanguine, or wet-hot, humor), phlegm (sluggish, or wet-cold), choler (dry-hot), and melancholy (dry-cold).’
- ‘Midway through the book, I discover a page written entirely in French, from a 1614 medical textbook, describing the four humours (blood, choler, melancholy and phlegm) and what each tasted like; what each was good for.’
- ‘While ministers talked of ‘demonic possession,’ doctors attributed mental illnesses to an imbalance of the four bodily ‘humors’: blood, phlegm, choler, and black bile.’
- ‘He not only lists its uses, but tries to explain its actions: for example, ‘The emulsion of the seed is good for the jaundice, if there be ague accompanying it, for it opens obstructions of the gall, and causes digestion of choler.’’
- ‘There are also four elements: fire, earth, air and water; and four humors - choler or yellow bile, melancholer or black bile, blood and phlegm.’
- 1.1archaic, literary Anger or irascibility.
annoyance, vexation, exasperation, crossness, irritation, irritability, indignation, pique, displeasure, resentmentView synonyms
- ‘When he says that hops purges choler, he doesn't mean in the same way as scammony does because scammony could kill you if given in excessive doses but hops will probably just put you to sleep.’
- ‘The big head, bright eyes, and steely mouth suggest brains, pride, and choler.’
Late Middle English (also denoting diarrhea): from Old French colere bile, anger from Latin cholera diarrhea (from Greek kholera), which in late Latin acquired the senses bile or anger from Greek kholē bile.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.