Main definitions of choke in English

: choke1choke2

choke1

verb

  • 1no object (of a person or animal) have severe difficulty in breathing because of a constricted or obstructed throat or a lack of air.

    ‘Willie choked on a mouthful of soda’
    • ‘She nearly choked on the sob welling up in her throat and felt the tears brimming in her eyes.’
    • ‘He nearly choked on the toast that he was shoving down his throat, he was so nervous.’
    • ‘He whirled her around, his face barely inches from hers; Liz nearly choked on his horrid breath, which reeked of tobacco and alcohol.’
    • ‘Dima smiled and grabbed Coral by his shirt collar, dragging so close to her that he almost choked on her rancid breath.’
    • ‘I almost choked on the tandoori chicken, then proceeded to finish it off in haste and headed to the Hostel 9 common room.’
    • ‘Fire brigade spokesman Laurent Vibert said the four victims choked to death on the fumes of the fire as they tried to escape from their rooms to the roof of the hotel.’
    • ‘My friend's grandmother choked to death on a coconut bun.’
    • ‘Alex's voice got stuck in her throat and she nearly choked on nothing.’
    • ‘I almost choked on my coffee (or I would have done, if I was a coffee drinker).’
    • ‘When I read this I almost choked on my bacon and egg pizza.’
    • ‘I drunkenly choked on the beer I was drinking at the time and felt suddenly sexually unsure about not only men in general but women in general as well.’
    • ‘The word caught in my throat, and I nearly choked on it.’
    • ‘She woke, and as the cry died in her throat, she almost choked on it.’
    • ‘But, just hours after she left, Wainwright called emergency services in a panic, saying Joshua had choked on his own vomit and had stopped breathing.’
    • ‘I nearly choked on my shock, the meaning of that song taking on proportions I hadn't fathomed.’
    • ‘Despite yo-yo balls being examined and passing British safety standards, there have been a number of recent incidents where children have almost choked to death.’
    • ‘A WOMAN choked to death in front of her horrified husband after a mouthful of Indian curry ‘went down the wrong way’, an inquest heard.’
    • ‘And the mother of the bride almost choked on her salmon sandwich.’
    • ‘My heart leapt into my throat and I practically choked on it.’
    • ‘But my parents used to run a restaurant and when I was a very small child one of their customers choked on a fish bone.’
    gag, retch, cough, struggle for air, fight for breath, gasp
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1with object Hinder or obstruct the breathing of (a person or animal) by choking.
      • ‘The dog snapped its jaws open and closed inches from Rae's face and he could smell the animal's fetid breath, choking him, causing him to gag.’
      • ‘The air was knocked out of him and as his father began choking him, Dante struggled to breath and get his father off of him at the same time.’
      • ‘I would wake up fighting and trying to prevent someone from choking me.’
      • ‘Hercules killed the animal by choking it with his bare hands and thereafter wore its skin.’
      • ‘When she'd come home from California in tears, he'd nearly flown out there to choke the person responsible with his bare hands.’
      • ‘The two scuffled, falling to the ground, and the officer was overpowered by the suspect who began choking him from behind.’
      • ‘The riders crouched on the backs of the horses and the bandannas prevented the kicked - up dust from choking the brothers.’
      • ‘Even as I tried to dodge thunder exploded in my face, burning pain and another hammer and dirt and dust was choking me while I gasped for a breath that wouldn't come.’
      • ‘It has entered my bloodstream and is systematically choking me to death.’
      • ‘His breath stank so bad of Jack Daniels that it was choking me.’
      • ‘The tilapia's numerous small bones can choke its predators, even the egret, which can swallow all other fish.’
      • ‘But it is perfectly humane, especially if you fall into the category of those who can't stop choking their dogs with the choke-chain collar.’
      • ‘Between the three they managed to choke Snake enough that he quit moving.’
      • ‘Her milk was flowing straight into her baby's lungs, turning him blue and choking him as he fought to breathe.’
      • ‘Sometimes referred to as a chain or choke chain collar, if used properly it should never choke your dog.’
      • ‘Smoke entered her lungs with every breath she took, choking her and blinding her further as it caused tears to form in her eyes.’
      • ‘I could hardly breathe, and every breath was choking me.’
      • ‘They were stunned; they'd never thought their precious boy could harm a fly, let alone choke another person.’
      • ‘However, after about an hour, a calf was choked to death due to an accident in feeding her milk.’
      • ‘Then three officers carried me to a van, choking me on the way so that I couldn't breathe, much less yell.’
      suffocate, asphyxiate, smother, stifle
      strangle, throttle
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2choke something downwith object Swallow something with difficulty.
      ‘I attempted to choke down supper’
      • ‘Many bodybuilders cook up to a dozen chicken breasts at a time, choking them down over a period of days.’
      • ‘As she dribbles halfmud from a closed fist held above his mouth, he chokes it down.’
      • ‘Instead, he coughed, choked it down, and then shook himself to recover.’
      • ‘He picked them up and choked them down one at a time.’
      • ‘She shoved the green plastic spoon in his mouth and smiled as he choked it down.’
      • ‘She choked it down along with her revulsion, hoping for a clear head that would save her.’
      • ‘After a year or so I could hardly choke the stuff down any more.’
      • ‘I choked it down and answered her that yes, I was.’
      • ‘The Reds could have offered a bowl of chili and a Schoenling beer, and Gillick would've had to choke it down.’
      • ‘Somehow gagging in between each bite, I managed to choke the bread down.’
      • ‘She choked it down then grabbed for her glass of water.’
      • ‘He got friendly with the cooks at the dorm eatery and told them if they made him a pound of bacon every morning, he'd choke it down every day.’
      • ‘She measured out two tablespoons of Pepto Bismol and forced herself to choke it down.’
      • ‘Amaiya finally choked her food down and comforted Bonobos habitually.’
      • ‘Then its jaw snapped shut on the body, and choked it down.’
      • ‘He had soon managed to choke the stuff down, threw his bowl into a large wooden tub at the corner of the room and strapped on his belt and sheath.’
      • ‘She choked the black liquid down, and asked for another.’
    3. 1.3with object Prevent (a plant) from growing by depriving it of light, air, or nourishment.
      ‘the bracken will choke the wild gladiolus’
      • ‘‘We knew the immature trees would not survive as they would be choked by the thick growth of weeds and grass in the area,’ Mr Gell said.’
      • ‘Let us tend to our gardens with diligence, and keeping the weeds from choking the plants!’
      • ‘She wants me to help her prune the rose bushes, dig out the carpet grass that is choking them.’
      • ‘Back home in England he grew a garden of weeds and saw which weeds choked others and counted population changes amongst weeds.’
      • ‘Over a decade later, Schmid's film makes clear that for the vast majority of Germans weeds in the garden have long since choked any budding flowers.’
      • ‘In most of the urban areas, the avenue trees are choked to death as the tree base is completely covered by concrete slabs, leaving little space for aeration.’
      • ‘In a SAC area if a farmer wishes to kill off the ivy that is choking his trees or menacing his buildings, he is not free to do so.’
      • ‘The increased growth of woody vines could dramatically alter future forests - for instance, by choking new tree growth.’
      • ‘To keep plants from being choked, you often have to adjust ties as they grow.’
      • ‘Could you suggest a strategy for choking the weeds and getting the field to a pure stand of timothy or a mixture good for horses?’
      • ‘Some seed fell among weeds, and the weeds grew up and choked it.’
    4. 1.4with object Prevent or suppress (the occurrence of something)
      ‘higher rates of interest choke off investment demand’
      • ‘High taxes choke off growth, but so do high deficits.’
      • ‘It is changing the lives and futures of more than 3,000 young New Zealanders, and filling the skills gaps that threaten to choke economic growth.’
      • ‘Though moderate income inequality may help sustain economic growth, drastic income inequality can choke it off.’
      • ‘Treasury is telling him that if the rate of increase in the public sector continues, it has the potential to choke off economic growth.’
      • ‘The present growth of knowledge will choke itself off until we get different tools.’
      • ‘Nonetheless, more of us should know that approaching a problem systematically and logically is not a weed that chokes creativity.’
      • ‘This is the performance of an economy where business investment and growth have been choked by ever increasing regulation and where interest rates have had to be raised in response to a house price bubble.’
      • ‘Many existing small businesses were choked out by the kudzulike growth of the new economy.’
      • ‘The question now is whether rising rates will cool down the hotter parts of the economy without choking off general growth.’
      • ‘The true oppressor which chokes our potential for growth is the ego.’
      • ‘‘This will no doubt become a factor choking the future development of the local real estate market,’ Hua said.’
      • ‘The noxious weed of clericalism has choked the development of a people's church.’
      • ‘That, in turn, could mean still-higher interest rates, which could choke off growth.’
      • ‘By raising prices at this crucial point, OPEC could be choking off the economic growth needed to keep demand robust.’
      • ‘Apart from choking growth in Germany, this increase had the unwelcome consequence of launching the euro at an inappropriately high level.’
      • ‘Likewise, there could a pressure on inflation if oil prices continue to spurt in the global market, which in turn would choke the growth prospects.’
      • ‘Another commonly held belief among members of the analyst community is that high oil prices will choke off economic growth.’
      • ‘The Fed must be careful in raising interest rates for the very simple reason that by moving too quickly, it can choke off growth.’
      • ‘It is literally choking our economic growth in this now $12 trillion economy.’
    5. 1.5informal no object (in sports) fail to perform at a crucial point of a game or contest owing to a failure of nerve.
      ‘we were the only team not to choke when it came to the crunch’
      • ‘It's hard to say this, but just at the time we hoped you would shine under the bright lights of NBC, ESPN, and ABC, you choked.’
      • ‘I couldn't root for the Giants there, but I was happy to see him shed his lingering reputation for postseason choking.’
      • ‘Mundy, however, had choked when the title was agonisingly close… on the 18th hole.’
      • ‘In fact, he was at a speaking engagement once, and someone asked him about our games, and he said, ‘Joe's a good player, but he chokes.’’
      • ‘For years, Olson presided over talented teams that were notorious for choking in big games.’
      • ‘When they choke, most athletes prefer that no one notices, that the world sees it as a defeat unbesmirched by an inner surrender.’
      • ‘Federer got away in the end after Nadal choked, but the latter will be richer for the experience.’
      • ‘The Raiders and Eagles, the so-called favorites because of their top seedings, will choke.’
      • ‘If the champs choked in Pittsburgh, it would be the end of their 1912 championship bid.’
      • ‘The common thinking is Bonds will hit his 65th homer, watch in horror as the media arrive by the hundreds and choke and fall short of 70.’
      • ‘There was about ten minutes to go at Prenton and I went through one-on-one with the keeper and basically I choked.’
      • ‘The best and worst matches, the finest players, the stars who choked… and the man who played without a putter.’
      • ‘And Paul dismissed talk of the Rhinos being doomed to choke.’
      • ‘Common wisdom had it that the table-topping Rhinos would once again choke on the big occasion.’
      • ‘What they must do now is shut out the voices accusing them of choking in this tournament and realise that the past month has demonstrated strength, not weakness.’
      • ‘When it came time for Phil to really coach and tame the egos of Shaq and Kobe, he choked.’
      • ‘After the miss, someone asked Murphy if Price choked.’
      • ‘It is beyond doubt that Ganguly's boys have, more often than not, choked in the final, what with their famed batting line-up coming to nought when it comes to the crunch.’
      • ‘The Eagles are another team I predicted would choke, and they haven't thus far.’
  • 2often be choked withwith object Fill (a passage or space), especially so as to make movement difficult or impossible.

    ‘the roads were choked with traffic’
    • ‘Every green space is choked with discarded cans of Coors Light, wads of toilet paper, Frito-Lay bags.’
    • ‘The town is choked with traffic and people cannot effectively run their businesses.’
    • ‘The back room was choked with old carpets, old clothes, mould, mushrooms and unfamiliar smells.’
    • ‘The roads are choked with traffic, including enormous trucks transporting goods.’
    • ‘Aquatic plants grow faster than anything else, and most types will soon choke your pool.’
    • ‘The mountains of litter choking the city confirm that not all is well with the local authority in as far as improving the status is concerned.’
    • ‘Roads into the village were choked with traffic heading for the ever-popular event, which lined The Borough from end to end.’
    • ‘Weeds choked the ground, as a light snow began to fall.’
    • ‘Litter cluttered the landscape, and vegetation choked the trails.’
    • ‘A factory worker's family spent a quiet evening at home, all dressed up, in a parlour choked with ornamental plants, under a great silk lampshade.’
    • ‘The landscape is choked with impenetrable forests of enormous trees and dense, green foliage.’
    • ‘A sunken garden to the west of the house was choked with untrimmed plants, its sunken pool brown and stagnant.’
    • ‘‘The area is already choked with traffic but there is no solution to that in these plans,’ said Mr. Mayling.’
    • ‘‘Think of a shallow stream choked with plants, not of an open sea,’ he said.’
    • ‘The town's roads are choked with traffic, leading to frequent jams during the busy tourist season.’
    • ‘Go often to the house of a friend, for weeds choke the unused path.’
    • ‘The path had been so choked with weeds it was virtually impassable.’
    • ‘The town is choked with traffic daily and the situation on the Northern bank holiday weekend really put the tin hat on things.’
    • ‘The banks were choked with willow and tamarisk, which I occasionally had to crawl under on my belly.’
    • ‘Now small seedlings grew everywhere about the yard and weeds choked the gardens.’
    clog, clog up, bung up, block, obstruct, stop up, silt up, plug, dam up
    View synonyms
  • 3with object Overwhelm and make (someone) speechless with a strong and typically negative feeling or emotion.

    ‘she was choked with angry emotion’
    • ‘I'll admit I got a little choked up at the part in the end where he said, ‘I just want people to be happy.’’
    • ‘His delivery was choppy, halting now and then, as if he were choking up, on the verge of tears.’
    • ‘I still get choked up listening to it and it's been, like, seven years.’
    • ‘Glick, who had four months left on his three-year hitch, choked up and sniffled when he read a statement asking for mercy.’
    • ‘I find that I can field strip a deer without remorse yet I still get choked up when I watch ‘Bambi.’’
    • ‘And you guys have been so generous I get choked up when I think about it.’
    • ‘He showed emotion, choking up at times, stopping to take off his glasses and wipe his eyes.’
    • ‘He was suddenly choked up with emotion and tears welled in his eyes.’
    • ‘It's the only wedding I've been to (out of a medium-two-digit number) where the groom got choked up.’
    • ‘He gave a warm, wonderful eulogy for Aunt Jo and choked up enough a couple of times that he had to stop and gather himself.’
    • ‘It was an overwhelming, mournful piece then when the city was still in shock; yesterday, I found myself choking up repeatedly and involuntarily as I walked around it.’
    • ‘The show ended up being quite surreal, particularly when after My Coco, the crowd would not stop cheering, seemingly choking up the band and the few longtime fans in the audience.’
    • ‘C'mon, I dare you to listen without choking up just a little.’
    • ‘We're getting all choked up just thinking about it.’
    • ‘When I returned to class I was so overwhelmed at their thoughtfulness I choked up for the first time in front of my students and couldn't speak.’
    • ‘He choked up while describing a little boy who had been deceived by a charlatan faith healer.’
    • ‘Franken choked up repeatedly as he related the stories involving his father, whom he obviously loved.’
    • ‘I couldn't call any more of them to say thanks, being a bit choked up.’
    • ‘Two years after losing my best friend to leukemia, I could finally smile at all the memories, instead of choking up.’
    • ‘He was obviously choked up and didn't know what to do about it, being of that age when men didn't cry.’
  • 4Become or cause to become tearful or extremely upset.

    no object ‘I just choked up reading it’
  • 5Suppress a strong emotion or the expression of such an emotion.

    ‘Liz was choking back her anger’
    • ‘After climbing down the ladder, I stood standing in the tunnel choking back my tears.’
    • ‘Love wasn't supposed to be this hard, she thought, choking back a sob.’
    • ‘She frowned, choking back her spilling tears in disbelief.’
    • ‘The answer is nothing, but even if there was something to say, it would not have been able to come out of my mouth because I was choking back tears.’
    • ‘I could hear him on the other line, choking back his tears.’
    • ‘Cici's anger was choked back when she saw his eyes.’
    • ‘I closed my eyes, choking back the feeling of utter disgust.’
    • ‘He swallows as if choking back some kind of retort, then forces a laugh.’
    • ‘With a quick burst of theatrical grace she pushed past Kelley and ran back upstairs, choking back the ‘tears’.’
    • ‘Check the link and you'll see a picture of the ol Sar'major choking back a couple tears.’
    • ‘I explained everything that happened while choking back the tears.’
    • ‘His voice sounded shaky, like he was choking back tears, but once he caught his bearings, he pressed his palm softly to my hair and bent to kiss my cheek.’
    • ‘Violet rushed over, choking back a scream of instinctive terror.’
    • ‘Yacob bit his lip in mid-protest, effectively choking back whatever crass words he would have used.’
    • ‘Daphne was choking back the urge to start sobbing uncontrollably.’
    • ‘I spit out the last bit of toothpaste in my mouth, choking back more tears.’
    • ‘I was having trouble choking back the hysterical screams that wanted to arise from my throat, as well.’
    • ‘For the first time she had to choke back emotion, tears forming around her eyes.’
    • ‘She hugged her knees to her chest, choking back her sobs.’
    • ‘By the end, you are left, like the lady from Flint, choking back tears of pain and fury.’
    suppress, hold back, fight back, bite back, gulp back, swallow, check, keep in check, restrain, contain, control, repress, smother, stifle, curb, bridle, rein in
    View synonyms
  • 6with object Enrich the fuel mixture in (a gasoline engine) by reducing the intake of air.

noun

  • 1A valve in the carburetor of a gasoline engine that is used to reduce the amount of air in the fuel mixture when the engine is started.

    • ‘It can't be the choke, as it doesn't rev that high when it's out fully.’
    • ‘If the vehicle sees cold, hot, wet, and dry duty as well as on-track action, the carb should have a choke and vacuum secondaries.’
    • ‘A special wrench quickly screws the chokes in and out.’
    • ‘TKS uses a redesigned carburetor with an automatic fuel enrichment system instead of a traditional choke.’
    • ‘They are used in a wide variety of applications, including throttle cables, emergency brakes, chokes and air intakes.’
    1. 1.1 A knob that controls a choke valve in a gasoline engine.
      • ‘Indeed, even if you drove an old Mini everywhere in first gear with the choke full out and the handbrake on, you barely saw the inside of a petrol station from one year to the next.’
      • ‘The motorist is advised to use the choke briefly only when absolutely necessary.’
      • ‘I'd rather have a manual choke than an automatic choke, though.’
      • ‘Anyway, so I do other stuff, and then leave the house at the time I supposed to be there, after cursing the person who moved my car but stopped the engine with the choke out.’
      • ‘They would opt to have their vehicles maintained and repaired, resulting in an increased demand for spare parts including tires, batteries, and chokes.’
    2. 1.2 A narrowed part of a shotgun bore near the muzzle, serving to restrict the spread of the shot.
      • ‘The tight choke should provide good shots out to 50 yards.’
      • ‘Because hard steel shot lacks the easy flowing characteristics of lead shot through forcing cones and tight chokes, older guns could not handle it without some damage to their barrels.’
      • ‘The idea was that the game would be further out for the second or third shot and a tighter choke would be advantageous.’
      • ‘For most 12-gauges shooting lead shot, turkey chokes have IDs of.665 -.640.’
      • ‘When you're buying a used shotgun or a shotgun without removable chokes, don't believe the choke designation on any barrel until it has been measured with a bore gauge.’
    3. 1.3 An electrical inductor, especially an inductance coil used to smooth the variations of an alternating current or to alter its phase.
      • ‘The HX1148 module features a centre-tapped inductor on the transmit channel for the most EMI-sensitive applications, while the HX1178 has both chokes on the media side.’
      • ‘They are widely used in transformers for the electrical power industry and for transformers, chokes, and other components in the electronics industry.’
      • ‘Mobile phones, computers, electronic chokes and a model helicopter are some of the things that will be dismantled and assembled for the children.’
  • 2An action or sound of a person or animal having or seeming to have difficulty in breathing.

    ‘a little choke of laughter’
    • ‘The light shone over the man's features, and Connolly breathed a horrible choke.’
    • ‘He laughed softly, the sound more like a choke than a pleasurable noise.’
    • ‘Chelsea gave a choke of laughter, almost tripping in the process.’
    • ‘His breath was disconnected into sudden gasps and chokes.’
    • ‘Brianna suppressed a choke of laughter as the two boys stumbled into the room and hastily shut the door.’
    • ‘But her tears were not escorted with chokes or quick breaths, like before.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • choke up

    • (in sports) grip (a bat, racket, etc.) further from the narrow end than is usual.

      ‘he choked up on the bat a few inches’
      • ‘Roberts won't be choking up on the bat anymore, something he hopes will allow him to drive the ball with authority rather then slap it around the field.’
      • ‘There's no choking up on the bat, there's no shortening of that swing.’
      • ‘Baker sees Bonds as a rarity because he generates so much power despite choking up on the bat and standing so close to the plate.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old English ācēocian (verb), from cēoce (see cheek).

Pronunciation

choke

/CHōk//tʃoʊk/

Main definitions of choke in English

: choke1choke2

choke2

noun

  • The inedible mass of silky fibers at the center of a globe artichoke.

    • ‘With a sharp silver teaspoon scrape out the choke, which would later have become the beautiful purple flower if left on the bush.’
    • ‘Cut the artichokes in half and remove the hairy inner choke and any hard leaves, leaving only the tender base.’
    • ‘Beat the artichokes gently with your hand so that they open just enough for you to see if there is any choke.’

Origin

Late 17th century: probably a confusion of the ending of artichoke with choke.

Pronunciation

choke

/CHōk//tʃoʊk/