Definition of chloride in English:

chloride

noun

Chemistry
  • A compound of chlorine with another element or group, especially a salt of the anion Cl– or an organic compound with chlorine bonded to an alkyl group.

    • ‘Leachate typically contains organic compounds together with metal chlorides and sulphates, and has a high chemical oxygen demand due to the presence of reducing species.’
    • ‘The carboxyl group is fairly reactive, and carboxyl group-containing compounds can undergo nucleophilic substitution to form many useful derivatives such as acid chlorides, anhydrides, esters, and amides.’
    • ‘A chemical reaction takes place between sodium, potassium and magnesium chlorides from salt with calcium oxides and hydroxide from soil to form calcium chloride.’
    • ‘Heating with alkyl chlorides gives a mixture of the mono and the dialkyl aniline.’
    • ‘Inorganic anions such as chloride, nitrate and sulphate can be separated in about five minutes.’

Origin

Early 19th century: from chlorine + -ide.

Pronunciation:

chloride

/ˈklôrˌīd/