Definition of chloramphenicol in US English:

chloramphenicol

noun

Medicine
  • An antibiotic used against serious infections such as typhoid fever.

    This antibiotic is obtained from the bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or produced synthetically

    • ‘Basic drugs were available throughout the study period but affordable antibiotics for example, such as penicillin, chloramphenicol, and gentamicin were normally used.’
    • ‘The best way to avoid infections of this kind from A. buntonensis is to apply antibiotics such as gentamicin, amikacin, chloramphenicol and tetracycline to the wound immediately after the leech has released itself.’
    • ‘This strain was resistant to methicillin, cephalothin, gentamicin, erythromycin, chloramphenicol and tetracycline.’
    • ‘Recently, emerging strains of enterococci have acquired resistance to erythromycin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, fluoroquinolones, and vancomycin.’
    • ‘Gentamicin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol and fluoroquinolones are alternative treatments.’

Origin

1940s: from chloro- (representing chlorine) + am(ide) + pheno- + ni(tro-) + (gly)col.

Pronunciation