One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
An antibiotic used against serious infections such as typhoid fever.
This antibiotic is obtained from the bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or produced synthetically
- ‘Recently, emerging strains of enterococci have acquired resistance to erythromycin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, fluoroquinolones, and vancomycin.’
- ‘Gentamicin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol and fluoroquinolones are alternative treatments.’
- ‘This strain was resistant to methicillin, cephalothin, gentamicin, erythromycin, chloramphenicol and tetracycline.’
- ‘Basic drugs were available throughout the study period but affordable antibiotics for example, such as penicillin, chloramphenicol, and gentamicin were normally used.’
- ‘The best way to avoid infections of this kind from A. buntonensis is to apply antibiotics such as gentamicin, amikacin, chloramphenicol and tetracycline to the wound immediately after the leech has released itself.’
1940s: from chloro- (representing chlorine) + am(ide) + pheno- + ni(tro-) + (gly)col.
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