One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A very small parasitic bacterium which, like a virus, requires the biochemical mechanisms of another cell in order to reproduce. Bacteria of this type cause various diseases including trachoma, psittacosis, and nonspecific urethritis.
Genus Chlamydia and order Chlamydiales
- ‘Several other organisms such as mycoplasma or chlamydia also can cause pneumonia.’
- ‘Because chlamydiae are bacteria, antibiotics can thwart the infections they produce.’
- ‘The phenomenon of a high degree of antigenic cross reactivity within different serovars of C. trachomatis and different species of chlamydiae inducing cross-reactive antibodies makes interpretation difficult.’
- ‘Laboratory tests are carried out for gonococcus and sometimes trichomonas and chlamydia, depending on the technology available.’
- ‘For example, if the herpes virus or chlamydia bacteria get into the eye, the symptoms tend to be more severe and last longer.’
1960s: modern Latin (plural), from Greek khlamus, khlamud- ‘cloak’.
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