Definition of Chickasaw in US English:


nounPlural Chickasaws

  • 1A member of a North American people formerly resident in Mississippi and Alabama, and now in Oklahoma.

    • ‘The Creeks were one of the so-called Five Civilized Tribes, along with the Seminoles (who were actually affiliated with the Creek Confederacy until they formed a separate government in 1856), Cherokees, Chickasaws, and Choctaws.’
    • ‘The earliest descriptions of Mississippi Black Belt prairies comes from the letters of Thomas Nairne who visited the Chickasaw at the northern end of the Black Belt in 1708.’
    • ‘Particularly at issue were the Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, and Seminole Indians of Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida - the so-called Five Civilized Tribes.’
    • ‘Tuscahoma was the name of an Indian town in Oklahoma, and his father was part Indian, three-fourths either Choctaw or Chickasaw.’
    • ‘The ‘Five Civilized Tribes,’ the Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Seminoles, resolved to stay where they were, though they eventually ceded most of their land.’
    • ‘The Chickasaws used fires in their territory to aid in hunting and gathering and perhaps to range cattle and other livestock.’
    • ‘The archaeological record reveals a dramatic change, one that culminated in the ‘final transformation of the Chickasaws into subsistence farmers with an emphasis on free-range cattle… in the 1790s’.’
    • ‘To accomplish this, he must also find a way to remove the southeastern tribes, the Choctaws, Cherokees, Creeks, and Chickasaws, from their homes.’
    • ‘The same is true with respect to the other four ‘Civilized Tribes ‘- Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks and Seminoles - all of whom had shared the Cherokees' fate by 1840.’
    • ‘The book's second part provides accounts of the customs and histories of the Catawbas, Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, and Chickasaws.’
    • ‘Of the so-called Five Civilized Tribes (Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, Seminoles, and Cherokees), only the Cherokee, whose language is classified as Iroquoian, speak a non-Muskogean language.’
    • ‘The previously unpublished document describes a territory undergoing European American settlement and documents cultural adaptation and persistence among the Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Cherokee peoples.’
    • ‘The Creeks complied most fully, but the Chickasaws never honored them.’
    • ‘The fort also served as an important supply base and staging area for allied Indians in their 1739-40 campaign against the Chickasaws.’
    • ‘He moved on for several months to live among and preach to the Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw before returning home.’
    • ‘Wilson was impressed with the acculturation and prosperity of the Chickasaws.’
    • ‘But only the largest tribes - most Creeks, most Choctaws, and the pragmatic Chickasaws, actively opposed and actually removed.’
    • ‘Most Chickasaws settled primarily in three or four towns in the fertile BlackBelt Prairie (approximately 70 km east of Oxford) throughout most of the historic period before cession.’
  • 2The Muskogean language of the Chickasaw.

    • ‘In subordinate dependency, the dependent clause may precede or follow the independent clause, as in the Chickasaw example.’
    • ‘Choctaw and Chickasaw, for instance, employ one pair of markers for paratactic constructions, and a different pair/array of markers for adverbial, complement, and relative clauses.’


  • Relating to the Chickasaw or their language.

    • ‘Taking Choctaw conceptions of the world seriously, he utilizes the available Choctaw and Chickasaw language dictionaries to gain insight into the meaning of Choctaw ideas and practices.’
    • ‘Those that correspond best to the archaeological examples refer specifically to Chickasaw burial treatments for non-chiefly individuals.’
    • ‘Coming to the ring wearing an Indian headdress and famous for his tomahawk chops and Indian-strap matches, McDaniel was actually one-eighteenth Choctaw and Chickasaw Indian.’
    • ‘In the next portion of the narrative Wilson describes his experience in Chickasaw country.’
    • ‘The Chickasaw language is still so similar to Choctaw, for instance, that linguists surmise that the separation of the two could not have occurred very long ago.’
    • ‘As president of their church's Woman's Missionary Union, his mother taught Bible lessons and childcare on the local Choctaw and Chickasaw reservation, taking her small son along with her.’
    • ‘Including roughly two-thirds of present-day northeastern Mississippi and northwestern Alabama, the area was home to the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes well into the nineteenth century.’
    • ‘Indeed, ranching seemed to have invaded Chickasaw society as the eighteenth century ended.’


The name in Chickasaw.