One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A form of chemotrophic nutrition in which a simple inorganic compound is oxidized in the course of biosynthesis. Contrasted with chemoorganotrophy.
1940s; earliest use found in Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology. From chemo- + litho- (indicating the use of mineral substances) + -trophy. Compare chemoorganotrophy and photolithotrophy.
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