Definition of chaulmoogra in US English:



  • 1A tropical Asian evergreen tree with narrow leathery leaves and oil-rich seeds.

    Genus Hydnocarpus, family Flacourtiaceae: several species, in particular H. kurzii, a principal source of the oil

    • ‘Finally, an expedition sent by the United States found the chaulmoogra tree in the forests of Burma.’
    • ‘The chaulmoogra tree also featured on a Fiji stamp of 1970 in honour of the closing of the hospital’
    • ‘Tropical chaulmoogra oil comes from the expressed oil of seeds of the chaulmoogra tree.’
    • ‘Chaulmoogra was later identified as a source of chaulmoogra oil, an age-old leprosy treatment.’
    1. 1.1 The oil obtained from the seeds of the chaulmoogra tree. It is used medically and as a preservative, and was formerly used in the treatment of leprosy.
      • ‘Until the advent of sulpha-based drugs, chaulmoogra oil was acknowledged by the international scientific community to be the only medicine known to Western medical science that was effective in treating the disease.’
      • ‘This form of treatment was adopted by Dr Durack in Western Australia, who treated him with chaulmoogra oil by mouth.’
      • ‘One of the standard treatments for leprosy has been to inject ethyl-esters of chaulmoogra oil into a muscle with a large bore syringe.’
      • ‘In the 12th century AD, chaulmoogra oil was imported into China from Cambodia - the native home of the tree from which it is derived.’
      • ‘Drugs are being made that have the same effect as chaulmoogra oil.’


Early 19th century: from Bengali cāul-mugrā.