One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
verb[WITH OBJECT]usually be chastened
1(of a reproof or misfortune) have a restraining or moderating effect on.‘the director was somewhat chastened by his recent flops’‘a chastening experience’
subdue, humble, cow, squash, deflate, flatten, bring down, bring low, take down a peg or two, humiliate, mortifyView synonyms
- ‘Perhaps chastened by the experience, and certainly restricted by a hung council, Labour have subsequently become more conciliatory.’
- ‘We all left somewhat chastened by the moving experience and the realization of how fortunate we have been.’
- ‘Segal is suitably chastened after last week's events.’
- ‘After the blackout of August 14, 2003, all of us in Ontario seemed suitably chastened in our attitudes towards electricity usage.’
- ‘The French president was chastened by the recent defeat of his European constitution referendum initiative.’
- ‘Slightly chastened by the experience, Ganesh finds himself saddled with an old, sick couple looking for a hospital, who have been abandoned by fellow villagers.’
- ‘I walk from the pitch as humiliated as I am chastened.’
- ‘Officials, instead of being chastened, were indignant.’
- ‘The most chastening passage in the book concerns a woman called Lisl Auman.’
- ‘The entire experience was frightening and chastening for the bourgeoisie.’
- ‘But, while chastened by the experience, he also draws strength from it.’
- ‘It's an attitude that put him behind bars for a short period, not apparently an experience that chastened him.’
- ‘In this way the ships captain kept a tight rein on his men and when the ship set sail it was with a suitably chastened crew, or so the Captain thought.’
- ‘But he'll probably be well chastened, I suppose.’
- ‘First, I'm constantly impressed by the email I receive, and I'm chastened to be reminded of the things I forget to think about.’
- ‘No doubt the school will feel suitably chastened by her absence.’
- ‘Have the media been chastened in any way by that experience?’
- ‘The wisdom traditionally associated with age has to do with our limitations, with being chastened by experience.’
- ‘Is he in any way chastened by this experience do you think?’
- ‘Suitably chastened, may I humbly entreat him to, unambiguously and without obfuscation, answer a few pertinent questions?’
- 1.1archaic (especially of God) discipline; punish.
penalize, discipline, mete out punishment to, bring someone to book, teach someone a lesson, make an example ofView synonyms
- ‘A number of times in Scripture when addressing the Jews, God chastened them for not obeying His Word.’
- ‘God Himself is said to use this method: those whom He loves, He chastens, even perhaps with the prospect of death.’
- ‘With the loss of so many illusions at once I cannot remember when I have felt so vulnerable or chastened, but neither can I remember when I have felt so alive.’
Early 16th century: from an obsolete verb chaste, from Old French chastier, from Latin castigare ‘castigate’, from castus ‘morally pure, chaste’.
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