Definition of charge in English:

charge

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Demand (an amount) as a price from someone for a service rendered or goods supplied.

    ‘the restaurant charged $15 for dinner’
    [with two objects] ‘he charged me 2 euros for the postcard’
    [no object] ‘museums should charge for admission’
    • ‘By January, the billings department had yet to charge Bitton for services rendered.’
    • ‘Representations made to the rail authorities about the high prices they charge for improvements had also been made, without success.’
    • ‘With Lynne's help, the charity, which has to charge for its services because funding is so tight, hopes to be able to expand.’
    • ‘It was also possible to arrange an item of mail to be left at a convenient Post Office though the Post Office would charge for this service.’
    • ‘Right now I have no life coaching qualifications or experience, and so I don't feel qualified to charge for my services.’
    • ‘This is partly for financial reasons, as the council charges a fee to cover its costs, meaning some schools choose not to run the training classes.’
    • ‘There is no word as to whether they will charge for this service or not.’
    • ‘And if you use your card abroad to take out local currency, almost all banks and building societies charge for this service.’
    • ‘The province requires us to charge the same low price to all our clients, yet many of them are affluent and could easily afford to pay more.’
    • ‘He said motorists who complained after pumping their own fuel at full service pumps and being charged the higher price were offered a refund.’
    • ‘Although banks have a standard penalty rate, it is worth asking the amount your bank will charge for the delay.’
    • ‘For the amount of money they charge for the ticket, the service should be much better.’
    • ‘The council admits that few boroughs charge for children's services.’
    • ‘They charge a premium amount in the UK for their printing services and the sums simply don't add up.’
    • ‘He said three years ago, homeowners were conned in a fraud worth more than £500,000 when they were charged excessive amounts to have their drives resurfaced.’
    • ‘Of the 126 who responded, 81 per cent agreed that it was reasonable for the council to charge an adequate amount for services provided.’
    • ‘Much confusion exists regarding the tariff payable by the medical aid funds and the amount charged by the various service providers or institutions.’
    • ‘The council is facing a £11.5million shortfall if it charges the average amount of council tax for outer London.’
    • ‘There is a range of prices open to you to charge for your services.’
    • ‘The council is currently reviewing the amount it charges people to use the town's car parks.’
    ask in payment, ask, fix a charge, fix a price, impose, levy
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Record the cost of something as an amount payable by (someone) or on (an account)
      ‘they charge the calls to their credit-card accounts’
      • ‘The impertinent guest, who shall remain nameless, even had the temerity to charge it to his host's account - a prominent champagne house.’
      • ‘For example, why are they so unhappy with the suggestion that they should charge an all-inclusive fee to their pension fund clients, absorbing the cost of any commissions, research or information services themselves?’
      • ‘The costs included overheads such as salaries, rents and repairs but no depreciation as all improvements were charged to the year's account.’
      • ‘Wale reported that in the British companies that she had studied, capitalising original assets and charging all subsequent costs to expense was the dominant practice.’
      • ‘Then, it either deducts the money from your cashcard (much like the current system), or it charges the amount to your credit card.’
      • ‘Customers were able to buy vouchers from the credit company, which had a face value printed on them and a statement authorising retailers to charge the face value to the company's account.’
      • ‘I will pay for these purchases today instead of charging them to my account.’
      • ‘Its strategy was also to pay the salesmen immediately, directly charging the cost to the client's policy and removing this charge over a long period of time.’
      • ‘If he is correct, there may be no entitlement to charge the costs to the mortgage account, as the building society habitually have done.’
      • ‘Subsequently, his bank discovered that the original cheque for $132,987.66 was stolen and charged this amount to his account on the grounds of ‘forged endorsement.’’
      • ‘By passing your hand over a scanner at a check-out counter you may charge your purchases to either your bank account or credit system very efficiently with no fuss.’
      • ‘If you are successful, the cost of the loan is charged to the other side's insurance company in addition to the solicitor's costs.’
      • ‘This means companies will have to hire a lot more people to answer the telephone, but the cost can be charged to public relations.’
      • ‘Someone sitting at a computer terminal charging bets to a credit card account is a case in point but this phenomenon is not limited to gambling on the internet.’
      • ‘Residents had to reserve places at dinner for themselves and their guests; missed meals would be charged to their accounts.’
      • ‘Analysts praise the service's array of options and its secure billing system, which lets users charge purchases to their account.’
      • ‘Griffiths clarified last night that he charges a market rent to the fees office, payable to him as owner of the office, for its legitimate use for an MP's constituency work.’
      • ‘It will also give users internet access to e-commerce opportunities, allowing them to buy goods through their handsets and charge the costs to their mobile bill.’
      • ‘All of those independent promotion costs are charged to the band.’
      • ‘Courtney gave Holly all her information so she could buy the ticket and charge it to their account.’
  • 2Accuse (someone) of something, especially an offense under law.

    ‘they were charged with assault’
    • ‘He was charged with the offence of which he was convicted and at that time handed in a prepared statement.’
    • ‘She was charged with 12 offences at crown court, and a further three in the magistrates' court.’
    • ‘If someone is charged with an offence then they must face the full impact of the law.’
    • ‘However she was charged with two offences of false accounting concerning housing benefit fraud.’
    • ‘In July 2004, he was formally charged with various offenses, including terrorism, attacking civilians and murder.’
    • ‘The applicant's girlfriend was not charged with any offences in connection with these seizures.’
    • ‘On 21st April, she was charged with the offence I have mentioned, that of assisting an offender.’
    • ‘Police and fire crews labelled him ‘a stupid fool’ for putting his and other people's lives at risk but he was not charged with any offence.’
    • ‘He was subsequently charged with a disciplinary offence, but was cleared following a hearing in May.’
    • ‘He was not charged with that offence, as I understand it.’
    • ‘In July 2002, he was charged with three drug-related offences.’
    • ‘On no occasion has he been charged with any offence, has no outstanding charges and I strongly doubt that there would be any adverse record against him, at least at the national level.’
    • ‘In many cases, drivers are not charged with an offence: police deem the pedestrian to have been ‘at fault’ in the accident.’
    • ‘The man was acquitted but the young women were charged with perjury.’
    • ‘However, on December 24 he was formally charged with illegally acquiring and sharing information.’
    • ‘When he finally came down he was charged with offences including driving without insurance and threatening behaviour.’
    • ‘On 16th June, nearly five months after the incidents, he was charged with both offences.’
    • ‘He was also charged with the offence of disobeying a lawful order.’
    • ‘He was charged with two criminal offences, and was acquitted of both offences.’
    • ‘Originally he was charged with 16 offences, but yesterday they were withdrawn and five sample charges were substituted.’
    accuse of, indict for, arraign for
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1[with clause]Make an accusation or assertion that.
      ‘opponents charged that below-cost pricing would reduce safety’
      • ‘An employee also charged that he was discourteous.’
      • ‘It was abandoned after the Justice Department charged that portions of it violated antitrust laws.’
      • ‘He charged that he was owed compensation for a graphic novel they published in the year 2000.’
      • ‘In court filings, Felos has charged that the governor imposed his will on her, without regard to what she would have wanted.’
      • ‘I learned that you have charged that your company is the victim of an insidious conspiracy.’
      • ‘One person charged that I was missing the point in showing the video.’
      • ‘They charged that the company had violated various provisions of the act.’
      • ‘They also charged that following the 1911 change of government, construction standards had not been upheld.’
      • ‘Opponents then charged that the east coast institution was jettisoning part of the city's cultural legacy.’
      • ‘He charged that officers in construction were expected to enforce registration regulations to root out dubious contractors.’
      • ‘He charged that unless something was done he would be forced to remove some police officers from his area because they were not serving the intended purpose.’
      • ‘Faculty and higher education groups have charged that the measure, if passed, would violate the principles of academic freedom.’
      • ‘Lincoln charged that he was encouraging desertions from the Union army.’
      • ‘He charged that the administration was trying to scuttle the deal.’
      • ‘Media reports also charged that writing materials were destroyed.’
      • ‘He charged that the underwater ceramics were excavated and treated unprofessionally by the salvage companies.’
      • ‘It is a misfortune, but nobody has charged that it was fraudulent.’
      • ‘He also charged that the gag order was an unprecedented attempt to deny his constitutional rights.’
      • ‘Some charged that we were refighting a cultural war from the '60s.’
      • ‘Critics have charged that the program will give the defence department the power to invade personal privacy.’
    2. 2.2Law
      Accuse someone of (an offense)
      • ‘Is the prosecution obliged to frame a series of alternative counts charging homicide on each basis?’
      • ‘It was common to charge manslaughter and culpable driving together.’
      • ‘Would it not be preferable to absorb infanticide into the doctrine of diminished responsibility and allow the prosecution to charge manslaughter in such cases?’
      • ‘They did not have to charge rape by physical force or physical violence, but he specifically lists that in his indictment.’
      • ‘At the time when J gave his evidence, he was doing so solely in relation to count 8 which charged rape.’
  • 3Entrust (someone) with a task as a duty or responsibility.

    ‘the committee was charged with reshaping the educational system’
    • ‘There are a lot of people who are charged with the responsibility of protecting, promoting and defending that reputation.’
    • ‘All three are equally charged to protect the Constitution.’
    • ‘Yet he and virtually the same team were again charged with the task of winning a major tournament for Scotland.’
    • ‘Logistics leaders are charged with the duty to organize, train and equip the units under their command’
    • ‘Clearly, this senior level review charged to protect the public interest fully weighed all the issues, separating fact from assertion.’
    • ‘The Board and district commissions are charged to protect and conserve the lands and environment of the state.’
    • ‘We are social creatures, and as well as taking responsibility for ourselves we are charged with the duty of looking out for our nearest and dearest.’
    • ‘Additionally, he stood by and watched as laws were being broken by said children that he was charged to protect.’
    • ‘As part of my intelligence duties, I was charged with interrogating German prisoners of war.’
    • ‘Indeed, these individuals are charged with the responsibility of public safety.’
    • ‘Those who knew these men intimately were charged with the duty to relate their heroic deaths to their families upon returning to the Capital.’
    • ‘Israeli-employed post office workers were charged with the task of verifying the identities of potential voters.’
    • ‘In fairness to the land commissioner, he isn't charged with protecting local school revenue.’
    • ‘David Moore was charged with the task of taking the firm forward after Mr Lancaster retired in 2003.’
    • ‘She is charged with the task of ensuring the government's lifelong learning plans make sense to the public.’
    • ‘On the following day, he was charged with the duty of getting rid of these shares.’
    • ‘Every player is charged with the responsibility of making the performance an engaging experience for both the cast and the audience.’
    • ‘The news media are not charged with the duty of full court reporting, and it is necessarily fortuitous as to whether remarks upon sentence are reported or not.’
    • ‘Governments are charged with a difficult responsibility of balancing economic development against environmental damage.’
    • ‘The two teams were charged with the task of selling ice-creams in down-town Manhattan.’
  • 4Store electrical energy in (a battery or battery-operated device)

    ‘the shaver can be charged up and used while traveling’
    • ‘This changes the voltage to direct current which can then be used to charge your battery.’
    • ‘Then at some point we might burn coal to supply electricity to charge batteries in electric cars.’
    • ‘An electrical charging source couples to the first and second electrical connectors to charge the battery.’
    • ‘Increase the life span of your cell phone and battery by following the manufacturer's directions for using the phone and charging the battery.’
    • ‘Diesel-powered submarines use combustion engines to provide power and charge the sub's batteries.’
    • ‘It is now eleven days later and the big battery is still charged and the camera working perfectly.’
    • ‘You do have to be organised as it takes forever to charge the batteries, but it is free energy.’
    • ‘So anytime you're driving - highway or city - the battery can be charged up if it needs charging, and it should never run low.’
    • ‘The plasma screen consists of tiny gas plasma cells that are charged at exact electrical voltages to make a picture.’
    • ‘As you read this, Brian Cashman is charging his ninth cell-phone battery of the day.’
    • ‘When the bank's charge drops below a certain level, the pump is shut off and the system resumes charging the batteries from the wind's energy.’
    • ‘Plug it in to your computer to charge the battery and transfer songs.’
    • ‘A large assemblage of tiny little storage batteries were charged up and gave a total, when they were all put in a series, of about a thousand volts.’
    • ‘It is used to charge the battery and to power all the car's electric systems when its engine is running.’
    • ‘Tonight we took short showers in the outside stained wood stalls, as another generator charged the batteries that ran the water pump and the electric water heater.’
    • ‘This battery is continuously charged by solar cells and the use of the cell obviates the need for separate charging of the battery.’
    • ‘She made a mental note to plug her charger in and charge the battery.’
    • ‘By then, they knew too that the power system was struggling and the battery wasn't charged as much as was desired.’
    • ‘Small, isolated farms used wind turbines to charge batteries, run radios and draw water from deep wells.’
    • ‘When the car is slowing down, the electric motor runs backwards, acting as a generator to charge the battery.’
    1. 4.1[no object](of a battery or battery-operated device) receive and store electrical energy.
      • ‘Flashlights will be checked quarterly to ensure batteries remain charged.’
      • ‘That, of course, is nonsense provided the car's alternator is in good order in which case it will keep the battery charged while the engine is running.’
      • ‘I have the phone on me at all times, and I am careful to keep the battery charged.’
      • ‘‘All we can do in those cases is turn off the power and let the batteries charge for a few days,’ he says.’
      • ‘At these times he would double up his efficiency by shutting off his propane and heating the bus with its own internal heating system while the battery charged.’
      • ‘Batteries charged by its petrol engine drive electric motors to reduce fuel consumption.’
      • ‘To keep the battery charged, an electric car needs a DC-to-DC converter.’
      • ‘Each room has a safe that not only holds most laptops, but has an electrical outlet in the safe to keep your computer charged.’
    2. 4.2Load or fill (a container, gun, etc.) to the full or proper extent.
      ‘will you see to it that your glasses are charged?’
      • ‘After regrouping and charging the guns again, the Russians broke.’
      • ‘His gun was charged and ready, his pressure suit would protect him from the toxic methane atmosphere.’
      • ‘Trevor sighed and hung up the phone, and started charging his gun.’
    3. 4.3Fill or pervade (something) with a quality or emotion.
      ‘the air was charged with menace’
      • ‘The photos are so politically, sexually and socially charged that at a certain point, we were afraid we had gone too far.’
      • ‘During the emotionally charged gathering, a statue was unveiled.’
      • ‘Selling your property can be emotionally charged at the best of times but the majority of estate agents will treat the sale sensitively and are happy to arrange accompanied viewing.’
      • ‘The issue has become so politically charged that it is hard to view dispassionately.’
      • ‘As a student, Telegdi often raised quite a stir with his emotionally charged attempts to raise student interest in issues such as housing and enumeration.’
  • 5[no object] Rush forward in attack.

    ‘the plan is to charge headlong at the enemy’
    • ‘It is intriguing to watch those who run, those who hide, those that charge headlong and those that push their friends in front of themselves for protection.’
    • ‘The underlying weakness of the hull meant that the ship could not charge headlong in the heat of battle.’
    • ‘Godfrey did not hesitate, but attacked immediately, charging headlong while the Egyptians were still in their camp.’
    • ‘It continued its attack on her, charging at her head-first!’
    • ‘He made the first move, he charged at her with his arms at his sides, waiting to strike.’
    • ‘Quickly three people came charging at him, one was his own teammate.’
    • ‘They were charging just as quickly, also blinded by chaos.’
    • ‘Such forces can rarely be detected ahead of time, but to charge headlong without at least trying to assess your situation is like skipping nonchalantly through a mine field.’
    • ‘She reached for it but quickly moved as he charged once again.’
    • ‘As he moved to charge, he found that his father was already upon him.’
    • ‘The rest of the attack party charged, all shouting loudly.’
    • ‘His opponent charged at him quickly, sword held to the side.’
    • ‘She charged so quickly at him, all you could see was a black blur.’
    rush, move quickly, storm, stampede, career, tear, push, plough, swoop, dive, lunge, launch oneself, throw oneself, go headlong
    View synonyms
    1. 5.1Rush aggressively toward (someone or something) in attack.
      • ‘He saw the next wave of attackers gathering to charge the platoon position.’
      • ‘He has been able to charge balls quickly and move well laterally, which he had trouble doing when he came back late last season.’
      • ‘They get to the ball; they charge the ball more aggressively.’
      • ‘At a gig in San Francisco he was attacked by an audience member who charged the stage and tackled the Manchester singer to the ground mid-song.’
      • ‘The police then charged the picket line with attack dogs.’
      • ‘Groups of protesters tried to storm the embassy by charging the barbed-wire barricade that had been set up outside.’
      • ‘They then aggressively charged the buildings and objects nearest them.’
    2. 5.2[with adverbial of direction]Move quickly and with impetus.
      ‘Henry charged up the staircase’
      • ‘The second I did so, Anthony charged forward and the fight began.’
      • ‘In an instant he rushed across the street, and Brigg charged forward to meet him, grasping the hilt of his sword in both hands.’
      • ‘The Red Hunters seized this opportunity and charged forward.’
      • ‘He charged forward at the warriors, who prepared to attack.’
      • ‘His strength lies in his ability to charge forward and get into good scoring positions - and he showed it in the second-half of this game.’
      • ‘We charged forward with all our might and swiped them away!’
      • ‘He turned back to the men on horses, who were charging forward.’
      • ‘Some of Edmonds's men were charging forward, running flat out, on foot or on horses, pausing to shoot toward the ridge.’
      • ‘Eventually he began charging forward and backing me up.’
      • ‘He charged forward and prepared to attack when the man held up his hands.’
      • ‘On the trail, charging forward at the front of their expedition, the old man had barely bothered to look back at them.’
      • ‘Men around him took up the cry, charging forward with fear-stricken courage.’
      • ‘His legs worked on their own, charging forward with abandon.’
      • ‘But Drake recognized the tactic and jumped back the instant they met, recovering quickly and charging in once more.’
      • ‘The Marines quickly began charging up the stairs, reaching the final level unchallenged.’
      • ‘The leader growled angrily, charging forward only to be restrained by his guards.’
      • ‘Much of the game can be made much easier via the use of stealth and sneak attacks, rather than charging forward.’
      • ‘The game really sprang into life in the last quarter as skipper Scott Hutton charged forward for Hawks.’
      • ‘As soon as the bell rang, Hatton charged into the attack in his typical style.’
      • ‘They charge forward, launching their strongest and most long-range attacks possible.’
  • 6Heraldry
    Place a heraldic bearing on.

    ‘a pennant argent, charged with a cross gules’
    • ‘Two other variations are known, one for Woolcot with a chief charged with a cross between two fleur-de-lis, and one for Woolcott with the shield red and a chief with a fleur-de-lis between two red crosses.’
    • ‘The Duke of Kent had his label charged with a cross gules between two fleurs-de-lis azure.’
    • ‘Another illumination also illustrating Combat des Trentes shows the Breton-French knights with a narrow, forked white oriflam, charged with a cross couped.’

noun

  • 1A price asked for goods or services.

    ‘an admission charge’
    • ‘Even significant increases in fuel prices, parking charges and so on, seem to have little long-term impact on our choice of travel mode.’
    • ‘Perhaps there were too few passengers for it to make economic sense, or maybe there were squabbles over the price of landing charges.’
    • ‘There should be a local charge for such services.’
    • ‘Parents will have to pay a small charge for the service - with the price still to be decided.’
    • ‘There would be a charge for that service, he conceded, but the Minister emphasised that personal data would not be passed on.’
    • ‘With a threatened increase in charges for refuse removal services the situation could get worse, as it has done before, after price increases.’
    • ‘She said the £30 fee was a standard charge for the removal of vermin, but the service was free to residents on income support.’
    • ‘I do pay the authority a good amount per year in services and other charges.’
    • ‘Charges are 25p plus whatever the charge is from your service provider.’
    • ‘It lists all the main banks, their charges and services and will be updated every six months.’
    • ‘For a year she has refused to pay the £8 a week charge for the service, claiming she does not need or want it.’
    • ‘Most ticket agents will add booking fees/administration charges to the price of the ticket.’
    • ‘However, the charges for the nursing services were negligible at the time and the institute had to struggle against recurring deficits.’
    • ‘Increased charges for some council services will generate an extra £130,000.’
    • ‘Most of it will be free but there will be a charge for certain services.’
    • ‘My guess is there's an additional charge for this service.’
    • ‘The tax was a flat-rate charge for local services levied on all adults over the area, although the government reserved the power to cap it in each authority.’
    • ‘It also features several other services for a small charge.’
    • ‘New sewerage treatment plants have already resulted in dramatic increases in water services charges in Dublin and other counties.’
    • ‘However, there is no standard charge for this service and it can be as little as a few euros in the case of certain Irish banks.’
    fee, price, tariff, amount, sum, figure, fare, rate, payment, toll, levy
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A financial liability or commitment.
      ‘an asset of $550,000 should have been taken as a charge on earnings’
      • ‘At that point, the bank had registered a charge on the sites.’
      • ‘A charge on uncalled share capital leaves the company with the right to make calls, and this may properly be regarded as analogous to a right to collect book debts.’
      • ‘United is likely to benefit from falling depreciation charges.’
      • ‘In both cases, large foreign banks will underwrite these borrowings and take a charge on its assets.’
      • ‘A receiver can be appointed to a firm by a creditor, usually a bank, whose debt has been secured by a charge on some or all of the company's assets.’
      • ‘He owns some property, you see, and council has the power to either force its sale or put a charge on it so that when it is eventually sold they can reclaim their money.’
      • ‘Domestic users have escaped the net due to the political sensitivity of imposing a charge on consumers.’
      • ‘Check the charges applied by your financial institution in advance.’
      • ‘After that, all the previously listed finance charges will apply.’
      • ‘And if its depreciation charge is massively overstated its profits are massively understated.’
      • ‘Businesses did not make explicit depreciation charges against their revenues during this period.’
      • ‘Because of this decision, they will be taking a charge on the loss of its investment in its operations.’
  • 2An accusation, typically one formally made against a prisoner brought to trial.

    ‘he appeared in court on a charge of attempted murder’
    ‘three people were arrested but released without charge’
    • ‘They presented the indictment and brought the charges on behalf of the Commonwealth.’
    • ‘It is conceded that there was sufficient evidence to commit each accused to trial on a charge of second degree murder.’
    • ‘At his trial, on a charge of refusing to provide a breath sample, the accused was acquitted.’
    • ‘After spending ten years in Belmarsh prison without charge or trial, the home office has agreed to an extradition request from France.’
    • ‘Under this legislation some men have languished in prisons for almost two years now without charge or trial.’
    • ‘They have been held in the prison camp for up to three years without charge or trial.’
    • ‘He has been detained without charge or trial in the jail for the last 15 months.’
    • ‘He subsequently pleaded guilty to failing to stop and to render assistance, but then stood trial on the charge of causing death by dangerous driving.’
    • ‘Three years ago I spent two months in Holloway prison awaiting trial on a charge of receiving stolen goods.’
    • ‘His party has protested the cruel and unlawful detention without charge or trial of two citizens by the military.’
    • ‘Therefore, the traditional approach might be that he should face his trial again on a charge of murder rather than manslaughter.’
    • ‘Sixteen people have been detained under the Act, all in high security prisons without charge or trial.’
    • ‘It is used to detain without charge or trial any voices of dissent.’
    • ‘A Taranaki farming couple have been fined and a regional council candidate fined and given community service on pollution charges.’
    • ‘But a Chelmsford Crown Court jury convicted him after a trial on a charge of wounding with intent.’
    • ‘On the actual day of the murder, he had been arrested and taken into the lock-up on a charge of a very petty theft.’
    • ‘There are around 30,000 detainees in prisons without charge or trial.’
    • ‘He was already in custody on a charge of stealing.’
    • ‘But she was convicted on a charge of arson after a trial at Chelmsford Crown Court.’
    • ‘First and foremost, the legislation provides for extensive detention without charge or trial, on the flimsiest of pretexts.’
    accusation, allegation, indictment, arraignment, citation, imputation
    View synonyms
  • 3The responsibility of taking care or control of someone or something.

    ‘the people in her charge are pupils and not experimental subjects’
    • ‘I had the distinct feeling that they weren't all that interested in, or appreciative of, the heritage in their charge.’
    • ‘If she did then she would be punished and unable to protect the ones in her charge.’
    • ‘He has more power over us than we have over those given in our charge.’
    • ‘Clearly, to Ray and Barbara, caring for the rare and precious birds in their charge is a lot more than a job.’
    • ‘He casts an experienced herder's eye over the animals now in his charge.’
    • ‘I confronted several of the teachers present over what I considered the abuse of students in their charge.’
    • ‘That resulted in her losing complete control and the ability to care for the animals in her charge.’
    • ‘I cannot ever stop being a teacher even when I am not officially working as I genuinely care about those in my charge.’
    • ‘The two banks in his charge have many more rural outlets in the agricultural heartlands than most of their rivals, and in some cases they remain the only banks left in remote villages.’
    • ‘We are inadvertently injuring those who are placed in our charge by continuing to use this archaic method of patient handling.’
    • ‘My cousin has gone to Canada for three weeks and left her car in my charge.’
    • ‘It also mirrors the commitment and dedication of our staff to uphold the fundamental principles of equality and fair play to all in their charge.’
    • ‘The majority of the teachers really care about their profession and care about the children in their charge.’
    • ‘He is worried about the health of the souls in his charge.’
    • ‘Not just a few reports, but visits by him and the theater commanders to every confinement facility in their charge.’
    • ‘But I got to live the dream today regardless, with two nephews left in my charge temporarily.’
    • ‘As a French bioethicist has recently argued, physicians have, first and above all, to respect the rights of the patients in their charge.’
    • ‘He left the business in my charge whenever he had to leave home.’
    • ‘How do they teach these skills not only to their young adult counseling staff, but also to the children and youth in their charge?’
    • ‘It was obvious that the school-age kids placed in his charge for the duration of the strike wanted nothing more than to return to class and their regular routines.’
    care, protection, safe keeping, keeping, supervision, surveillance, control, handling
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1A person or thing entrusted to the care of someone.
      ‘the babysitter watched over her charges’
      • ‘The former manager has obviously worked hard with his charges and they have responded in style.’
      • ‘Lorimer believes the players' clubs have a duty of care to their young charges.’
      • ‘We ought to assume that the vast majority of teachers also care deeply about their charges.’
      • ‘They did not have children but they adopted two of their charges and returned to fostering only when the children reached the ages of nine and 11.’
      • ‘Now the servants came and awoke her, ran her a bath, and set out her clothing for the day before departing to take care of their other charges.’
      • ‘He did not have much of his power back, but he was not willing to stand idly by while his charges were attacked.’
      • ‘She was held in the highest regard and usually got whatever she wanted or needed to care for her charges.’
      • ‘It was the chaperone's responsibility to ensure that her charge was happy.’
      • ‘We have high standards of care for our feline charges and provide full training for our volunteers within a friendly and supportive environment.’
      • ‘They were used for general escort duties, protecting their charges from pirates and other threats.’
      • ‘The maid seems as devotedly attached to her charge as a foster mother could be.’
      • ‘Critics say a common theme has been the failure to exercise a duty of care for its young charges and a failure to crack down on bullying.’
      • ‘To the babysitter's probable surprise, her charge was plucked out of the crowd and cast as one of the chirpy orphans.’
    2. 3.2dated A responsibility or onerous duty assigned to someone.
      • ‘That would be a charge and responsibility for which the historical evidence shows they are uniquely qualified.’
      • ‘In 1922, the hospital was converted into a county home for the aged and infirm and the entire charge and control of the hospital was given to the Sisters.’
      • ‘The new rector of the Scottish Episcopal Church in Orkney, Reverend Alison Duff, was installed into her charge at a service in Kirkwall on Wednesday night.’
      • ‘In our charge to domesticate this continent, we missed a few pockets of wildness where risk still dwells.’
    3. 3.3An official instruction, especially one given by a judge to a jury regarding points of law.
      • ‘His charge to the jury now is on Monday, after which it will retire to consider verdicts.’
      • ‘His Honour's charge to the jury in this case was based upon what they thought they should do, what was reasonable.’
      • ‘At four o'clock the Judge began his charge to the Jury.’
  • 4The property of matter that is responsible for electrical phenomena, existing in a positive or negative form.

    • ‘This leaves the remains of the atoms with a positive charge and creates freely flowing electrons, which are negatively charged.’
    • ‘Water molecules are not only attracted to each other, but to any molecule with positive or negative charges.’
    • ‘Electrons have a negative charge, and the two Polar Regions tend to attract them.’
    • ‘This method uses positrons, elementary particles with the mass of an electron but a positive charge.’
    • ‘The first anti-matter particle discovered was the positron, which has a mass similar to an electron but with a positive charge.’
    • ‘We take as givens the forces of gravity, the laws of nature, the ideas that an electron has a negative charge and the protons a positive charge.’
    • ‘Earth scientists encounter elements mainly in their ionic forms, where they carry a positive or a negative charge.’
    • ‘Sodium ions have a positive and chloride ions a negative charge.’
    • ‘Acidic lipids enhance the adsorption of positive ions due to their negative charge.’
    • ‘The linking force is electric: one of the atoms has a positive charge, the other a negative one.’
    • ‘Rutherford proposed that it is made up of subatomic particles bearing a positive charge.’
    • ‘Elementary physics tells us that positive and negative charges attract.’
    • ‘Also, protons have a positive charge and the more there are the greater the strain on the nucleus due to the repulsion between them.’
    1. 4.1The quantity of matter responsible for electrical phenomena carried by a body.
      • ‘When the balloon is held up to a wall, the negative charge causes the electrons in the wall to move away from the area.’
      • ‘The size of the negative charge depends on how good a reducing agent the metal is.’
    2. 4.2Energy stored chemically for conversion into electricity.
      • ‘Electrical charge is then carried by ions in solution in the porewater.’
      • ‘The results are fundamental for understanding the flow of heat and electrical charge in carbon nanostructures.’
      • ‘Now you can store up a nice high voltage charge on some caps and put them to use.’
      • ‘From the latter it is clear that cell energy charge is a key factor in regulating carbon flow through the TCA cycle.’
      • ‘The flash circuit stores this high-voltage charge in a large capacitor.’
      • ‘Ampk induces a cascade of events within cells in response to the ever changing energy charge of the cell.’
      • ‘The adenylate energy charge decreased only slightly and stabilized at rather high values in all species.’
      • ‘Sometimes, capacitors are used to store charge for high-speed use.’
      • ‘The higher the value is the more electric charge can be stored, thereby indicating that a substance is superior as a condenser material.’
      • ‘As the spark gap breaks down it conducts the high voltage charge directly in the high voltage inductor coil which forms the primary circuit of the high voltage Tesla coils.’
      • ‘The amount of available energy can be represented by the adenylate energy charge.’
    3. 4.3An act or process of storing electrical energy in a battery.
    4. 4.4informal [in singular]A thrill.
      ‘I get a real charge out of working hard’
      • ‘I get a real charge out of doing in-depth research that answers interesting questions.’
      • ‘Personally, I get a real charge from a lengthy shopping trip.’
      • ‘I get a real charge out of stepping on the scale each morning to check my progress.’
  • 5A quantity of explosive to be detonated, typically in order to fire a gun or similar weapon.

    • ‘After shooting one aircraft down, the crew detonated demolition charges and set fire to the ship to prevent its capture.’
    • ‘On striking the ground, the impact fuse fires a small charge of smokeless powder, blowing the main body of the grenade back into the air.’
    • ‘The bomb squad detonated the charge, destroying the car.’
    • ‘It has two modes of fire that can either lob the charge or fire it like a dart with a delayed explosion.’
    • ‘Men fire blank charges during mock battles intended to guide the spirit of the deceased onto the path to the afterlife.’
    • ‘Modern land mines may be an encased charge of explosive or may contain a chemical agent or incendiary device.’
    • ‘The result was a small explosion from the charge.’
    • ‘Apparently, they made their way into the basement, planted explosive charges, and detonated them.’
    • ‘Both got their weapons ready as their charge shook the ground beneath them.’
    • ‘The rebel soldiers placed explosive charges around the building during the 22-hour revolt.’
    • ‘When the lifting charge fires to launch the shell, it lights the shell's fuse.’
    • ‘The signal to begin might be a mine explosion or a demolition charge.’
    • ‘No building remains intact, after they were blown up with explosive charges.’
    • ‘That is the first and last time I am ever going to use an explosive charge to perform a bullet hit like that.’
    • ‘Now Sam trained them to use explosives, to lay charges of dynamite and use rifles.’
    • ‘Firstly, you are going to need some plastic explosives and a charge.’
    • ‘In addition, if things get really bad, an emergency button under a safety cover will fire explosive charges, which blow out the windscreen to provide an emergency exit.’
    • ‘Officials detonated three sets of explosive charges on board, and the 2,500-ton vessel slowly sank below the surface.’
    • ‘What they were successful in doing was setting off enough explosive charges to demolish the entire cavern.’
    • ‘A few hours later, troops blew up the house with explosive charges.’
    bullet, round, shell, shot, casing
    View synonyms
  • 6A headlong rush forward, typically one made by attacking soldiers in battle.

    ‘a cavalry charge’
    • ‘Don't miss Josh's first-hand account of a cavalry charge, in which the assembled anarchists fare poorly.’
    • ‘This prompted the French to attack with a cavalry charge.’
    • ‘Chabert's regiment led a cavalry charge against the Russian onslaught and turned the tide of battle for Napoleon.’
    • ‘Whether the men mistook my charge for a frenzied attack or not, they fled from me, allowing me to reach the body safely.’
    • ‘They were then moved to the right to strengthen that flank, at noon, then forward to help repel French cavalry charges at 15.30.’
    • ‘Distracted by the charge forward and the action with the enemy scout, both flanking groups were unaware of the drama which had developed behind us.’
    • ‘Raymond broke forward into a charge, drawing his sword back for the first strike.’
    • ‘There had been a demonstration the day before that ended in a charge on the governors' mansion, but it had not led to major militia fighting.’
    • ‘A perceived threat is challenged with a headlong charge and a fierce bite, and I was obviously seen as a threat.’
    • ‘Finally, don't forget that Alexander offers you a rare treat: the chance to see an Oxford don leading a cavalry charge.’
    • ‘The rider muttered something, looking down at the horse, still not seeing the wolves, and urged his charge forward.’
    • ‘It was McIntyre's ninth goal of the season and sparked the football team into a headlong charge at the Livingston goal.’
    attack, assault, offensive, onslaught, offence, drive, push, thrust, onrush, sortie, sally, swoop, foray, raid, invasion, incursion, campaign
    View synonyms
  • 7Heraldry
    A device or bearing placed on a shield or crest.

    • ‘This is one of the most highly regarded charges among royalty and those of nobility.’
    • ‘The swan is found in heraldry as a charge, a crest, supporters, and as a badge.’
    • ‘Heraldic objects are of a large and increasing variety; as more arms are devised, new objects appear as charges.’
    insignia, regalia, badge, emblem, ensign, device, heraldic device, coat of arms, arms, armorial bearing, escutcheon, shield
    View synonyms

Phrases

  • free of charge

    • Without any payment due.

      • ‘This book is available free of charge to people who have used the Centre over the past decade.’
      • ‘All the reports will be available free of charge to anyone with access to the Internet.’
      • ‘That is why we wanted to make the standards available free of charge on the Internet.’
      • ‘The scheme is available free of charge only to people on very low incomes with minimal capital.’
      • ‘A number of parking bays will also be available free of charge on Sundays to allow churchgoers to use them.’
      free, gratis, complimentary, voluntary, volunteer, unpaid, unrewarded, unsalaried, free of charge, without charge, for nothing, at no cost, without payment
      View synonyms
  • in charge

    • In control or with overall responsibility.

      ‘he was in charge of civil aviation matters’
      • ‘Donna and Vince are in charge of the overall running of the pub and have been in charge for just over a year.’
      • ‘The Director is in charge, and is responsible for the look and feel of any production.’
      • ‘They are extremely fortunate to have such a model professional as Richard in charge.’
      • ‘She will also be in charge of a council chamber where no party has overall control.’
      • ‘Hodkin said that he had been in charge of the controls when the two had been on the scooter earlier in the day.’
      responsible for, in control of, at the helm of, in the driving seat of, at the wheel of
      managing, running, administering, directing, supervising, overseeing, controlling, commanding, leading, heading up, looking after, taking care of
      running the show, calling the shots
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  • press (or prefer) charges

    • Accuse someone formally of a crime so that they can be brought to trial.

      • ‘Even if I did hate him, I couldn't bring myself to press charges against my foster father.’
      • ‘She refused to press charges so he escaped with a suspended sentence, and a short spell in a psychiatric hospital.’
      • ‘He has pressed charges and is awaiting a trial date.’
      • ‘The public prosecutors pressed charges and the case was under process awaiting trial.’
      • ‘I would wait for him to actually steal files so we could press charges on that crime, too.’
  • take charge

    • Assume control or responsibility.

      ‘the candidate must take charge of an actual flight’
      • ‘She hesitated a moment, not used to taking charge or giving direction.’
      • ‘A female referee will take charge of a York City match for the first time in the club's history tomorrow.’
      • ‘In 1985 he passed the snooker refereeing exam and began taking charge in club and county matches.’
      • ‘They will do so by learning from our mistakes, taking responsibility and taking charge.’
      • ‘Rather than taking charge and responsibility of the situation, one finds someone or something to blame.’
      take charge, direct, manage, oversee, superintend, supervise, conduct, run, lead, chair, take the chair
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English (in the general senses to load and a load): from Old French charger (verb), charge (noun), from late Latin carricare, carcare to load from Latin carrus wheeled vehicle.

Pronunciation:

charge

/CHärj/