Definition of chaplet in US English:



  • 1A garland or wreath for a person's head.

    • ‘Improvising hastily, the papal legate Guala is said to have crowned the new king with a chaplet of flowers.’
    • ‘The Magician himself is a Druid-like wisdom figure, complete with beard, staff, long robe, and chaplet of oak leaves.’
    • ‘Cheered by dynastic thoughts, he forgets his disdain for the wedding-favour, a chaplet of carnations, he is obliged to wear.’
    • ‘In the Middle Ages young women wore wreaths of gold and eventually gave way to chaplets.’
    • ‘The women, their heads surmounted by broad, solid-brass chaplets and their breasts covered with heavy metal necklaces, carry sticks in their right hands like drum majorettes.’
    festoon, lei, wreath, chain, loop, ring, circle, swathe, swag
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  • 2A string of 55 beads (one third of the rosary number) for counting prayers, or as a necklace.

    • ‘Usually no special color is prescribed for the beads of the various chaplets.’
    • ‘A special person or event in the Catholic tradition, or a beloved Catholic devotion inspires the choice of materials for each chaplet or set of rosary beads.’
    strand, rope, necklace, rosary
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  • 3A metal support for the core of a hollow casting mold.

    • ‘To this end numerous metal ‘core pins' or ‘chaplets ' are pushed through the wax shell to span the gap between the core and the outer mould.’
    • ‘If the design is such that there is insufficient support to hold the core in position, then metal supports called chaplets are used.’
    • ‘In addition, with the one-piece core, no chaplets are needed to support the core.’


Late Middle English: from Old French chapelet, diminutive of chapel ‘hat’, based on late Latin cappa ‘cap’.