Vegetation consisting chiefly of tangled shrubs and thorny bushes.
undergrowth, underwood, scrub, scrubland, brushwood, bracken, bushesView synonyms
- ‘The Appalachian Mountains, Florida swamps, and Texas chaparral became the domain of armed bands of Southern deserters.’
- ‘Ecologically, it's a transition zone between chaparral and yellow pine forest.’
- ‘Birds and chipmunks feel right at home in this miniature oasis amid the dry chaparral of the Santa Cruz Mountains.’
- ‘After years of intense grazing, existing chaparral and coastal scrub communities were largely replaced by nonnative grasses.’
- ‘The thick chaparral of a remote region in the Sespe Wilderness, part of the Los Padres National Forest, in Ventura, California, has concealed a lost herd of desert bighorn sheep for more than five years.’
- ‘Farther upland, usually between 3,000 and 5,000 feet, is chaparral, where scrub oaks, manzanitas, and various other shrubs join cacti and yuccas.’
- ‘Their land is fairly remote, tucked away from customary life on undulating hills and drainage folds that are thickly wooded with live oak and chaparral.’
- ‘Parts of the golf course are adjacent to undeveloped chaparral.’
- ‘In halting English his campfire host told about his dream of settling there amidst the oaks and chaparral, irrigating a vineyard and harvesting honey.’
- ‘In California, the chaparral and coastal sage shrubs form excellent cover for rodents, rabbits, and birds.’
- ‘Also important are mountain tops or ‘sky islands,’ and in some cases deep, shady canyons, that support chaparral, woodlands, or other communities that are relics of more temperate periods.’
- ‘Less than eight inches tall, the annuals are inconspicuous, and were growing in a balding area between full chaparral and non-native grassland.’
- ‘This species lives exclusively in or near sandy soils within coastal dune and scrub communities and maritime chaparral.’
- ‘The return trip is all downhill on a sloping hillside of coastal scrub and chaparral.’
- ‘The tasting room has a glorious view of shining Lake Mendocino, set off by the dusty chaparral all around.’
- ‘They are moving incredibly quickly through dried brush and chaparral that practically explode when they ignite, threatening the life of any firefighter nearby.’
- ‘We spend billions each year in futile attempts to prevent floodplains from flooding, barrier islands from migrating, chaparral from burning, and predators from predation.’
- ‘Wear long pants to protect your legs from the surrounding chaparral.’
- ‘Where chaparral was more evident the cypresses were smaller and scragglier.’
- ‘They prefer grasslands, chaparral, and scrub oak areas to forage for food.’
Mid 19th century: from Spanish, from chaparra ‘dwarf evergreen oak’.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.