A surgical operation for delivering a child by cutting through the wall of the mother's abdomen.
- ‘During the early part of this century, before Caesarean sections were commonplace or indeed safe, pelvimetry (measurements of the maternal pelvis) was frequently employed in an attempt to predict the outcome of labour.’
- ‘In some hospitals because of the danger of this procedure to the mother, an operation like a miniature Caesarean section called a hysterotomy has to be performed.’
- ‘Liam weighed almost 12 pounds at birth but his mother's requests for a Caesarean section were denied by hospital staff.’
- ‘Sophie, 38, was recovering in hospital after undergoing an emergency Caesarean section to deliver her premature daughter.’
- ‘After a serious stomach operation and two Caesarean sections, mum-of-two Jackie's muscles were so torn up that she had a saggy pouch of skin instead of the toned tummy she craved.’
- ‘The instruments were re-used in a small number of Caesarean sections before the mother was diagnosed as having the disease.’
- ‘This may present difficulties, particularly in the context of neonatal care, where the mother may be unconscious after a Caesarean section or in a poor mental state.’
- ‘Premature labour; sometimes an emergency Caesarean section will prevent possible trauma to the delicate head of the premature baby as it travels through the birth canal.’
- ‘A midwife cannot perform certain procedures, such as Caesarean sections.’
- ‘If the operation was done for a reason that will not have changed for the next delivery (for instance, if the mother has a very narrow birth canal), a Caesarean section will be necessary for each childbirth.’
- ‘She had a Caesarean section but prosecutors argued that her insistence on delaying the surgery had led to the stillbirth.’
- ‘With the benefit of hindsight, many medical experts now feel that the monitors produce too many false alarms that have led to too many unnecessary Caesarean sections - and perhaps to too many erroneous findings of liability.’
- ‘He succeeded in his objective and the fetus - whom doctors attempted to deliver by a Caesarean section, at five pounds - died in utero of the trauma sustained during the assault.’
- ‘Gallbladder surgery is the second most common surgery after Caesarean section.’
- ‘The number of women having Caesarean sections in Ireland has increased by a staggering 81% since 1991, leading midwives to claim that many mothers are enduring risky surgery when it is not medically necessary.’
- ‘Neither the medical profession nor women themselves realise the extent of the long-term problems Caesarean sections can cause.’
- ‘‘Experience has shown that small maternity units have lots of advantages for women including shorter labours, less chance of Caesarean sections and a more homely experience generally,’ she said.’
- ‘Currently just 63% of all babies born in Scotland are delivered naturally, but midwives claim the vast majority of births using Caesarean sections and induction should be allowed to happen naturally.’
- ‘If a Caesarean section is not appropriate, for example because the baby's head is already moving down the birth canal, an episiotomy can be the best way to speed up birth.’
- ‘Jones gently picks up his son and walks with him back to the room in which mom is recovering from a Caesarean section delivery.’
Early 17th century: Caesarian from the story that Julius Caesar was delivered by this method.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.