Definition of cephalosporin in English:

cephalosporin

noun

  • Any of a group of semisynthetic broad-spectrum antibiotics resembling penicillin.

    • ‘Enterococci are inherently resistant to cephalosporins, semi-synthetic penicillins, and clindamycin.’
    • ‘After performing aspiration, appropriate antibiotic therapy (including penicillin, clindamycin, cephalosporins, or metronidazole) must be initiated.’
    • ‘The antibiotics used were mainly cephalosporins, penicillins, fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides, tetracyclines and antituberculosis drugs.’
    • ‘Patients who are allergic to penicillin can be treated with erythromycin or first-generation cephalosporins (if there is no immediate-type hypersensitivity to beta-lactam antibiotics).’
    • ‘Major classes of antibiotics include tetracyclines, aminoglycosides, penicillins, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, streptogramins, sulfonamides, and erythromycins.’

Origin

1950s: from modern Latin Cephalosporium (genus providing molds for this) + -in.

Pronunciation:

cephalosporin

/ˌsefəlōˈspôrən/