Definition of centrosome in English:

centrosome

noun

Biology
  • An organelle near the nucleus of a cell that contains the centrioles (in animal cells) and from which the spindle fibers develop in cell division.

    • ‘In most animal cells, the centrosome contains a pair of centrioles, which consist of an array of microtubules.’
    • ‘A legacy of these ancient symbiotic interactions is that eukaryotic cells continue to show tight links between nuclei, centrosomes and microtubules in the form of Cell Bodies.’
    • ‘The astral microtubule arrays around the centrosomes, like the nuclei, are visible as areas that are largely devoid of yolk granules.’
    • ‘At metaphase, centrosomes initiate the bipolar microtubule spindle.’
    • ‘On one hand, angiosperm cells lack centrosomes as microtubule organizing centres and are missing the contractile ring which serves as a tool for cytokinesis in animal cells.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from Latin centrum (see center) + Greek sōma body.

Pronunciation:

centrosome

/ˈsentrəˌsōm/