Definition of cellulose in US English:

cellulose

noun

  • 1An insoluble substance which is the main constituent of plant cell walls and of vegetable fibers such as cotton. It is a polysaccharide consisting of chains of glucose monomers.

    • ‘As a green leafy vegetable, lettuce is rich in vitamin C and E, as well as fibre cellulose.’
    • ‘Natural in origin, Tencel was designed as an environmentally friendly cellulose fibre to be used in fabrics to maximize comfort and functionality.’
    • ‘They produce different enzymes that break down lignin and release cellulose and hemicellulose from plants.’
    • ‘Plants are living things with cellulose cell walls, lacking nervous or sensory organs.’
    • ‘A study by Dr Angus Davison has helped to uncover new facts about the most common organic compound found on earth - a substance called cellulose.’
    • ‘The tomato fruit cell wall is composed of protein and three major polysaccharide components, pectin, hemicelluloses and cellulose.’
    • ‘Nasaleze is a natural hay-fever remedy based on plant cellulose.’
    • ‘The experiments showed, inter alia, that pyritization can occur within cellulose cell walls.’
    • ‘Major constituents of the cell wall are cellulose, hemicelluloses and pectins.’
    • ‘They are used on a large scale in industry because of their bright colors and firm chemical fixation to cellulose, protein, and polyamide fibers.’
    • ‘Dietary fibre consists of plant material such as cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin, polysaccharides, gums, mucilage and lignin.’
    • ‘Presence of cellulose definitively identifies vegetable matter and excludes helminths.’
    • ‘Several recent publications have described the properties of composites of bacterial cellulose with plant cell wall polysaccharides.’
    • ‘One example of a carbohydrate that doesn't count is cellulose, an insoluble fiber that imparts zero calories per gram.’
    • ‘Many xanthophytes produce a cell wall, though it is not composed of cellulose (as in plants) or of chitin (as in fungi).’
    • ‘Wool, which is sheep hair, is made of animal proteins, while cotton is made of plant cellulose - the main part of a plant's cell wall.’
    • ‘Most plant-eaters have developed adaptations to handle difficult-to-digest plant cellulose.’
    • ‘It is found on a variety of substrates containing cellulose including paper and plant compost.’
    • ‘Termites eat cellulose, a main ingredient in woody plants/materials, and we find them in decaying trees and logs as well as in our homes.’
    • ‘It is composed primarily of cellulose, a complex carbohydrate made from glucose.’
  • 2Paint or lacquer consisting principally of cellulose acetate or nitrate in solution.

    • ‘The float is then given two coats of cellulose paint to seal it.’
    • ‘The balsa wood was giving two coats of cellulose paint to seal it.’
    • ‘Drawn by the smell of petrol and cellulose paint, Angus wandered into a car enthusiast's glory hole.’
    • ‘Peer at the piece very closely and you may just make out the traces of what look like scars on the surface of the cellulose paint which coats these two huge bronze casts.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from French, from cellule ‘small cell’ + -ose.

Pronunciation