Definition of cavity in US English:

cavity

noun

  • 1An empty space within a solid object, in particular the human body.

    ‘the abdominal cavity’
    ‘a body cavity’
    • ‘A larger nozzle will periodically fill the wall cavity as the structure begins to rise.’
    • ‘It consisted of filling the empty space of cavities with hydrogen atoms and drawing the surface contour of the H atoms.’
    • ‘This cavity may then be filled with coal, calcite, siderite, or any other form of sediment.’
    • ‘These animals are thought to survive only if ice is confined to their body cavity and other extracellular spaces.’
    • ‘An arrowhead was discovered in the body cavity of another female skeleton, suggesting she died in battle.’
    • ‘Fill the cavities of the peaches with the mixture.’
    • ‘The effects of this fracture depend on its size and location within the orbital cavity.’
    • ‘Endoscopes - a camera device with a light attached - are usually used to look inside a body cavity or organ.’
    • ‘Mold flow analysis was used to ensure that the cavity would fill without problem.’
    • ‘Sinuses are air-filled, hollow spaces or cavities within the facial bones surrounding your nose.’
    • ‘The size of the pump is restricted by available space in the abdominal cavity.’
    • ‘Many species of wildlife require openings or cavities in standing trees for nesting or shelter.’
    • ‘Nests are built in natural cavities, usually within six feet of the ground.’
    • ‘Spawning takes place between December and March, with eggs being laid in rock cavities or empty bivalve shells in shallow water or even on the shore.’
    • ‘The walls are a feat of engineering, with short flights of stairs within the hollow cavity reaching higher galleries.’
    • ‘Put each apple on a large piece of foil and fill the core cavities with the mincemeat mixture.’
    • ‘Retention of water and fluid in the abdominal cavity gives rise to local distension.’
    • ‘The infection can also spread into the abdominal cavity causing pain and inflammation around the liver.’
    • ‘This type is often used for empty wall cavities in existing buildings.’
    • ‘Some of the pages had been hollowed out, and hidden within the cavity lay a single gold ring, as plain and simple a piece of jewellery as the first.’
    space, chamber, hollow, hole, pocket, pouch
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A decayed part of a tooth.
      • ‘She shook her head and told him that two of her lower teeth had cavities.’
      • ‘He described techniques for scraping out caries and filling the cavities with soft metals such as tin, lead, or gold.’
      • ‘It's to detect cavities within your teeth and problems with your gums, tongue and mouth.’
      • ‘He said dentists do far more than fill cavities and polish teeth.’
      • ‘Most parents ignore cavities in children's teeth, which is one major reason for many children being poor eaters.’
      • ‘Dental cavities have been filled with gold since ancient times.’
      • ‘If you have not been to a dentist recently or are concerned your teeth may have cavities please advise your nurse or doctor.’
      • ‘Teeth develop cavities when they lose minerals such as calcium and phosphorus.’
      • ‘If the teeth are not cleaned properly they may be vulnerable to tooth decay causing cavities, or to gum disease.’
      • ‘I know two mothers with toddlers who nurse several times a night and have extensive tooth decay and cavities.’
      • ‘I can't say that the pop quiz was total murder, but I would rather get a cavity filled.’
      • ‘Dentists, of course, are concerned about soft drinks and cavities, or caries.’
      • ‘Fluoride ions in low concentrations have been shown to prevent cavities in teeth.’
      • ‘Many common pathologies were observed including tooth cavities and osteoarthritis.’
      • ‘Severe cases result in cavities and the need to pull all the front teeth until the permanent ones grow in.’
      • ‘It is for this reason that you should visit your dentist regularly as small cavities are much easier to treat than advanced decay.’
      • ‘The dentist may put fluoride on your child's teeth to prevent cavities.’
      • ‘Oral diseases such as gum inflammation, cavities, tooth decay and other infections should be treated early.’
      • ‘It was an intense experience to be sure, like getting your cavities filled at the dentist office.’
      • ‘This mixture, initially the texture of wet sand, is placed into the tooth cavity.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: from French cavité or late Latin cavitas, from Latin cavus ‘hollow’.

Pronunciation

cavity

/ˈkavədē//ˈkævədi/