Definition of cavitation in English:



  • 1The formation of an empty space within a solid object or body.

    • ‘As a result of cavitation and embolism formation, stem hydraulic conductivity is reduced, which may be critical for a plant under drought stress.’
    • ‘The incidence of cavitation in pulmonary lung metastasis is approximately 4%.’
    • ‘The most common findings are isolated hilar or mediastinal adenopathy, segmental hyperinflation or atelectasis, alveolar consolidation, interstitial densities, pleural effusion or cavitation.’
    • ‘One would expect elevated tritium levels only when deuterons are present and when sound waves produce cavitation, and that's what the Oak Ridge-RPI-RAS group found.’
    • ‘The role of branch junctions as a feature which enhances segmentation could also depend on the vulnerability to cavitation within the junction, but the present authors are unaware of any studies that have investigated this directly.’
    1. 1.1The formation of bubbles in a liquid, typically by the movement of a propeller through it.
      • ‘In liquid, these high-frequency waves cause the formation of microscopic bubbles, or cavitation.’
      • ‘Cavitation manifests itself in at least two modes; stable cavitation (slow, periodic oscillations of gas bubbles) and transient cavitation.’
      • ‘The formation of such a bubble is called cavitation.’
      • ‘It may sound like a dental malady, but cavitation is a powerful natural force, a bombardment of microscopic bubbles that breaks down some of the hardest materials on earth.’
      • ‘Sonoluminescence arises from acoustic cavitation - the formation, growth and implosion of small gas bubbles in a liquid blasted with sound waves above 18,000 cycles per second.’