Definition of cavalry in English:

cavalry

noun

  • 1usually treated as plural (in the past) soldiers who fought on horseback.

    • ‘After an attack by crossbowmen and infantry, the van of the French cavalry charged impetuously through their own infantry across the stream and up the slope on the other side.’
    • ‘In addition, there were Macedonian light horse and heavy cavalry from other cities.’
    • ‘The day was won when the massed crusader cavalry charged and forced Saladin to withdraw.’
    • ‘This cavalry was quickly dispersed at the Battle of Sedgemoor, contemporaries claimed on account of Grey's own cowardice and ineptitude.’
    • ‘William's plan was to use the archers first to send their arrows into the English ranks, followed by the infantry in hand-to-hand combat and to finally advance with the cavalry who had the height and power of being on horseback.’
    • ‘Here was a lesson that, if the Saxons had learned from it, could have changed the outcome of the Battle of Hastings; cavalry are helpless against well ordered archers.’
    • ‘The emperor sent not only foot soldiers but cavalry as well.’
    • ‘It was a classic example of a successful Highland charge, but Bonnie Dundee was killed as he led his cavalry into the firing line, and the rebellion petered to a halt within months.’
    • ‘Despite these troubles, Union cavalry operating in advance of Steele's infantry had success.’
    • ‘Boats were built for the Roman foot soldiers while the Roman cavalry swam across with their horses.’
    • ‘Quickly following Miller in the charge came the infantrymen and Winters's dismounted cavalry moving as skirmishers.’
    • ‘His army's main power was based on his cavalry - horse borne soldiers.’
    • ‘Twelve of Poland's divisions were cavalry, armed with lance and sabre, and they were no match for tanks.’
    • ‘The situation was saved by a mass counter-attack of French cavalry, checking the allied advance, though failing to break through the allied lines.’
    • ‘In previous wars, horsed cavalry had performed such a role, but cavalry were generally of little use in the trenches of the Western Front.’
    • ‘He had infantry, cavalry, arquebusiers, Cossacks and many Tartars, with heavy artillery, which was shipped down the Volga.’
    • ‘William would not have been able to move his cavalry through this area as the horses would have been bogged down.’
    • ‘He was then able to manoeuvre some of his cavalry on to the hilltop and fight the Saxons on level ground.’
    • ‘General confusion broke out and the cavalry charged the crowd.’
    • ‘In 55 BC, Celtic warriors used cavalry and horse-drawn chariots to oppose Caesar's invasion.’
    mounted troops, cavalrymen, horse soldiers, troopers, horse
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Modern soldiers who fight in armored vehicles.
      • ‘In many cases, these operations were carried out with infantry, aircraft, cavalry, and armored cars.’
      • ‘The Army's transition places a medium cavalry unit, the 2d Armored Cavalry Regiment, at Fort Polk.’
      • ‘How much force structure (in armored cavalry squadrons and regiments) do we have dedicated to reconnaissance and surveillance?’
      • ‘Furthermore, he believed that in modern warfare there was no place for armored cavalry.’
      • ‘With the addition of an engineer battalion and air cavalry squadron, it was obvious the brigade required additional MBITR assets.’
      • ‘The infant service had to count on its own people - mostly young infantry and cavalry officers and enlisted men - for direction.’
      • ‘Several armored cavalry regiments (brigade equivalents) could be kept as independent units.’
      • ‘It is understood the restructuring will see the creation of nine infantry battalions, one artillery battalion and one cavalry squadron.’
      • ‘At least three battalions of troops, a cavalry corps and 12 armed vehicles were deployed to secure the site soon after the announcement of the temporary closure on March 9.’
      • ‘A regimental cavalry troop has two tank platoons, two scout platoons, and a heavy mortar section.’
      • ‘As well as being a cavalry unit, it has been providing APC lift to infantry battalions in East Timor, returning from operations with 6RAR earlier this year.’
      • ‘Priority for use goes to armor, mechanized infantry, and cavalry units.’
      • ‘Each combat command typically employed liaison aircraft and mechanized cavalry troops for route reconnaissance and early warning of enemy positions.’
      • ‘Infantry battalion and artillery and cavalry commanders required extensive coaching as well.’
      • ‘The typical team consisted of three cavalry fighting vehicles and two tanks.’
      • ‘The Red Army used infantry and cavalry units to move more resolutely and to a deeper depth.’
      • ‘The 3rd Squadron, 7th Cavalry, the divisional cavalry squadron of the 3ID, was equipped with two troops of these aircraft.’
      • ‘The heavy cavalry troop can reconnoiter up to a 10-kilometer-wide zone or up to two routes simultaneously.’
      • ‘We should be fighting this battle with three U.S. armored divisions and an armored cavalry regiment to provide rear area security.’
      • ‘When committed to combat, a field force would be assigned an armored cavalry regiment to serve as its eyes and ears.’
    2. 1.2 Used to refer to a source of help or rescue in an emergency, especially as a last resort.
      ‘she said she wouldn't be sending in the cavalry to sort out the country's problems’
      rescuer, saviour, liberator, knight in shining armour, knight on a white chargerr
      View synonyms

Origin

Mid 16th century: from French cavallerie, from Italian cavalleria, from cavallo ‘horse’, from Latin caballus.

Pronunciation

cavalry

/ˈkavəlrē//ˈkævəlri/