Definition of causation in US English:



  • 1The action of causing something.

    ‘investigating the role of nitrate in the causation of cancer’
    • ‘Since this was a correlational study, no causations can be assumed regarding self-esteem.’
    • ‘The mere presence of viral particles does not establish causation of autism: it may be an incidental finding.’
    • ‘We searched Medline using strategies for studies of causation and aetiology described by McKibbon.’
    • ‘As the molecular mechanisms of diseases and their causations are increasingly understood, so classifications are increasingly becoming blurred and overlapping, and many diseases are now recognized as being multi-causal.’
    • ‘Take a standard case of mental causation: your headache causes you to go to the cupboard to get an aspirin.’
    • ‘It inhibits a phosphorylating enzyme that's crucial in the causation of that particular cancer.’
    • ‘A breach of duty was conceded but causation of the injury was not accepted.’
    • ‘A jury could reasonably decide that causation had been established, given the evidence.’
    • ‘But if you put it on that basis, your causation has not necessarily been determined.’
    • ‘Where we say the trial judge eventually failed is that he did not make a determination as to causation in this case.’
    • ‘Yet, by the end of the semester, this was the book that most illuminated their understandings of the complex causations behind forest change.’
    • ‘But counter-stories and challenges to the causations of such oblivion find little or no public space.’
    • ‘Moreover, in simple causation the second event does not occur unless the first event has occurred.’
    • ‘The present study confirmed the harmfulness of bidis in the causation of lung cancer.’
    • ‘The criteria for determining causation of serious events were not stated.’
    • ‘Rather, liability for injuries has been extended beyond any reasonable definition of causation.’
    • ‘In conclusion, this study has shown smoking as the principle risk factor in the causation of lung cancer among men.’
    • ‘It does not depend on proof of causation of actionable loss.’
    • ‘The general principle is that causation is established if the result would not have occurred but for D's conduct.’
    • ‘To my mind, the first issue which the judge had to determine was an issue of causation - did the breach of duty cause the damage alleged.’
    creation, causing, making, engendering, spawning, production, initiation, origination, inception, occasioning, prompting, kindling, triggering, inspiration
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The relationship between cause and effect; causality.
      • ‘Some authorities reverse the ordinary burden or proof with respect to causation.’
      • ‘Such conspiracy thinking is actually a misdirected partial understanding of social causation.’
      • ‘Probabilistic theories of causation can be used to answer both types of question.’
      • ‘That involves proof of causation, which is discussed further below.’
      • ‘As my psychology students realize, correlation does not equal causation.’
      • ‘It seems that people on the right and left are quick to confuse correlation with causation.’
      • ‘There is one other matter which I must mention in relation to causation.’
      • ‘Another version of the first kind of strategy is to clarify the notion of causation involved in the argument.’
      • ‘If you apply the statistics, you will find correlation, even if there is no causation.’
      • ‘The courts do not appear to have grappled with the principles of causation specifically in relation to omissions.’
      • ‘Time travel, entailing as it does backward causation, does not involve changing the past.’
      • ‘As often is the case, a problem covering omission will also involve a consideration of causation.’
      • ‘We are a social order built on the notion of underlying causation and necessary explanations.’
      • ‘The question of connection occupies the bulk of the vast literature on causation.’
      • ‘As was implicit in our opening reflections on causation, that conception includes causal circumstances.’
      • ‘Of course, one alternative possibility might be to deny that causation is an extensional relation.’
      • ‘The intuition that causation is an intrinsic relation does not apply in this case.’
      • ‘The notion of causation, as a legal matter, involves two types of inquiry.’
      • ‘He demanded that an adequate explanation of a correlation or process should specify all four aspects of causation.’
      • ‘The link between correlation and causation seems to be the bone of contention.’


Late 15th century: from Latin causatio(n-) ‘pretext’ (in medieval Latin ‘the action of causing’), from causare ‘to cause’.