Definition of catarrhine in English:

catarrhine

adjective

Zoology
  • Relating to primates of a group that comprises the Old World monkeys, gibbons, great apes, and humans. They are distinguished by having nostrils that are close together and directed downward.

    Compare with platyrrhine
    • ‘Distal radii of catarrhine primates exhibiting different forms of locomotion and hand postures were examined.’
    • ‘To control for fundamental differences in the primate radiations, we restricted our analyses to catarrhine primates.’
    • ‘It has been independently lost or reduced in several amniote lineages, however, including crocodilians, birds, tuataras, iguanian lizards, cetaceans, and catarrhine primates.’
    • ‘However, it may represent a peroneus digiti V superior or longus, such as seen in catarrhine monkeys.’
    • ‘With the exception of a few anomalous primate genomes, such as the hylobatids, most of the catarrhine primates appear to possess very large, conserved ancient linkage groups.’

noun

Zoology
  • A catarrhine primate.

Origin

Mid 19th century: from cata- down + Greek rhis, rhin- nose.

Pronunciation:

catarrhine

/ˈkadəˌrīn/