The use of a word or phrase that refers to or stands for a later word or phrase (e.g., the pronoun he in he may be 37, but Jeff behaves like a teenager)Compare with anaphora
- ‘Cataphora is permitted in certain constructions involving subordinate clauses, although it is not in compound or paratactic ones’
- ‘This kind of usage, common in journalism, is perfectly acceptable, despite the fact that inter-sentential cataphora is often ignored by grammarians.’
- ‘The notion of cataphora that I have adopted is a broad one, which encompasses cataphores au sens large.’
1970s: from cata- on the pattern of anaphora.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.