Definition of catalyze in English:

catalyze

(British catalyse)

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Cause or accelerate (a reaction) by acting as a catalyst.

    • ‘In both cases the nitric oxide is produced by a reaction from a chemical called L-arginine. The chemical reaction is catalysed by an enzyme called nitric oxide synthase.’
    • ‘Enzymes tend to be more active, i.e., they catalyze reactions faster, than synthetic catalysts at ambient temperatures.’
    • ‘The enzyme catalyzing this reaction is phosphohexose isomerase (also known as phosphoglucose isomerase).’
    • ‘The enzyme catalyzing this reaction is known as ferrochelatase.’
    • ‘Copper is usually utilized in organisms as a cofactor in enzymes or electron transfer proteins that catalyze redox reactions or oxygen chemistry.’
    • ‘This reaction is catalyzed by the enzyme citrate synthase.’
    • ‘DNA contains all the information needed to manufacture proteins, and some of these proteins catalyse the reactions that the cell needs to live and replicate.’
    • ‘It can store genetic information, as DNA does, but it can also adopt complex three-dimensional shapes and catalyze chemical reactions on itself, as proteins do.’
    • ‘The enzyme dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase, with FAD + as a cofactor, catalyzes that oxidation reaction.’
    • ‘However, studies have shown that lead, like other heavy metals, inactivates enzymes (proteins that catalyze biochemical reactions).’
    • ‘Enzymes catalyze reactions by interacting with and stabilizing the transition state so that the chemical reaction requires a much gentler push to clear the activation barrier.’
    • ‘The ability of enzymes, at low concentrations, to catalyze specific reactions is enough to make any chemist envious.’
    • ‘This view has been strengthened by the discovery that some forms of RNA, called ribozymes, can act like non-protein enzymes to catalyze biological reactions.’
    • ‘The function of enzymes is to catalyse the chemical reactions upon which the functioning of the organism depends.’
    • ‘This reaction is catalyzed by the enzyme hexokinase.’
    • ‘This reaction is catalysed by the enzyme DNA methyltransferase.’
    • ‘A major category of applications is the use of enzymes to catalyze complex reactions for which there are no conventional catalysts.’
    • ‘Finally, the singlestrand religation reaction catalyzed by the enzyme is decreased, resulting in a stabilized covalent protein-DNA complex.’
    • ‘The enzymes that catalyze the chemical reactions that keep the cells alive function most efficiently over a limited range of body temperatures.’
    • ‘Allozymes are catalytic RNA- or DNA-based molecules whose ability to catalyze a reaction is modulated by their interaction with an effector molecule.’
    1. 1.1Cause (an action or process) to begin.
      ‘the tragic event helped to catalyze the already growing popular anger’
      • ‘Calling in the IMF will do nothing more than catalyse this process, given the Fund's past form in this area.’
      • ‘The development of new techniques and procedures have catalysed the growth of this field by expanding the abilities of researchers to study life at the molecular level.’
      • ‘The centerpiece of this presentation is a particular instance of the interaction of tradition and innovation catalyzed by culture, drawn from my life and research among Anglicans and other Christians in Zimbabwe.’
      • ‘The incident, which occurred about nine years ago, catalyzed me to begin teaching a series in 1997.’
      • ‘The transition to sustainable living or development can be catalysed by a change in thinking and shift in values.’
      • ‘In this brand of discipleship, serious study is not separated from practical experience-both are seen as catalyzing growth through continual dialogue with one another.’
      • ‘Water is a major issue that can catalyze the peace process or inhibit it.’
      • ‘Once each clump grew to about 500 metal atoms, the platinum catalyzed its own growth and formed large, branching sheets that spread over the surface of the liposomes.’
      • ‘This catalyzed the retrieval of these women as theologians-not simply as saints honored for their piety or mystics gazed upon with curiosity.’
      • ‘Differences in competitive abilities between nestlings at hatching catalyze the development of dominance hierarchies within broods, which concentrate resource deprivation onto the lowest-ranking member.’
      • ‘These siRNAs are incorporated into a ribonucleoprotein complex known as the RNA-induced silencing complex, which targets homologous transcripts, catalyzing their degradation.’
      • ‘The introduction of the Leeds and Leeds Canal in 1816 and the railway in 1848 catalysed the city's industrial growth.’
      • ‘‘As we have learned from our city's great parks,’ he said, ‘public spaces create value and catalyze growth.’’
      • ‘In doing so, she catalyses a process of reconnection and healing where there had previously been tight-lipped repression.’
      • ‘Asteroid-sourced raw materials will enable and catalyze the development of an Earth-Moon space economy and humankind's expansion into the solar system.’
      • ‘For reasons already noted, irrigation infrastructure such as dams and channels has been built, and maintained largely by governments to catalyse growth in agriculture and rural communities.’
      • ‘But, given the constraints on budget resources, public funds must be used strategically to catalyze private investments in infrastructure and support projects that are important but cannot attract private finance.’
      • ‘In this section he illustrates the complex ways in which these very different kinds of riots combined to catalyze the growth of anti-slavery sentiment in the North.’
      • ‘Another objective of the Consortium is to catalyze the translation of new discoveries in cell migration to the development of novel therapeutic drugs and treatments.’
      • ‘As a key marginal producer of both oil and natural gas, Russia is now in an enviable position to catalyse this development.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from catalysis, on the pattern of analyze.

Pronunciation:

catalyze

/ˈkadlˌīz/