Definition of caryatid in English:

caryatid

noun

Architecture
  • A stone carving of a draped female figure, used as a pillar to support the entablature of a Greek or Greek-style building.

    • ‘Modigliani's early, remarkable images of caryatids (female figures that serve as columns) are sometimes as strong as his later portraits.’
    • ‘She entered the familiar vestibule, with its scarred stone caryatids and crumbling pillars, and walked down the short flight of iron-railed steps to the main chamber of Father's rooms.’
    • ‘We have much of the frieze of the treasury of the Siphnians of c. 525, as well as one of the caryatid figures supporting the porch; other buildings so decorated are extremely scrappily preserved.’
    • ‘The porch over the main entrance is supported by caryatids, set in front of the asymmetrical facade as a direct historicist quotation.’
    • ‘Several of the miniatures feature caryatids holding up the mountains and temples.’
    column, post, pole, support, upright, vertical, baluster, pier, pile, piling, pilaster, stanchion, standard, prop, buttress
    View synonyms

Origin

Mid 16th century: via French and Italian from Latin caryatides, from Greek karuatides, plural of karuatis priestess of Artemis at Caryae from Karuai (Caryae) in Laconia.

Pronunciation:

caryatid

/ˈkerēəˌtid//ˌkerēˈadəd/