Definition of carrageenan in US English:

carrageenan

noun

  • A substance extracted from red and purple seaweeds, consisting of a mixture of polysaccharides. It is used as a thickening or emulsifying agent in food products.

    • ‘It also reduced the paw edema induced by carrageenan in rats.’
    • ‘Some alternatives which produce results similar to gelatin are agar-agar, carrageenan, tapioca, sago, guar gum, pectin, and rennet.’
    • ‘Also, ingredients such as carrageenan provide added stability.’
    • ‘Neutral-type applications such as these require specific types of carrageenan to attain stability.’
    • ‘The use of carrageenan as a stabilizing agent has become widespread and is very effective in keeping the cocoa ingredient bound to the milk protein.’
    • ‘A stabilizer such as carrageenan can help keep the calcium in suspension.’
    • ‘Similar vegetable gums, with the same possible adverse effects, are carrageenan, gum tragacanth, and carob or locust bean gum.’
    • ‘The organisation is similarly developing carrageenan and is sponsoring a large safety study in women attending a family planning clinic in South Africa.’
    • ‘In addition, stabilizers such as kappa carrageenan help prevent the cocoa particles from settling out in chocolate milk.’
    • ‘Most commercial ice cream is made with carrageenan, a seaweed extract.’
    • ‘Keep in mind, too, that most commercial soy milks, especially the fortified ones, contain added salt and sweeteners (cane juice, usually) and are thickened with carrageenan (extracted from seaweed).’

Origin

1960s: from carrageen + -an.

Pronunciation

carrageenan

/ˌkerəˈɡēnən/