Definition of Carolingian in US English:


(also Carlovingian)


  • 1Relating to the Frankish dynasty, founded by Charlemagne's father (Pepin III), that ruled in western Europe from 750 to 987.

    • ‘Much of the work which transformed the old Frankish Church into the expanding Church of the Carolingian revival was done by English men and women.’
    • ‘Godfrey and his relatives were very proud of their close descent from the last male heir of the old Carolingian dynasty.’
    • ‘Perhaps the attempt would never have succeeded, but the tremendous blows struck by the Magyars and especially the Vikings guaranteed that the Carolingian experiment would not last.’
    • ‘It was the Wandering Scholars or Goliards who used the vernacular instead of classical or even medieval or Carolingian Latin.’
    • ‘From western Europe comes a very fine gilded Carolingian buckle, along with brooch fragments and a decorative mount - testimony no doubt to the well-attested Viking raids on France.’
    • ‘Under the Franks the role of constable developed from being in charge of the royal stables to a principal officer of the Merovingian and Carolingian kings.’
    • ‘Northmen (adapting quickly both to Christianity and land power) and Arabs were both aspects of the forces which capsized the Carolingian empire after Charlemagne's death in 814.’
    • ‘Yet it is important to note that the Frankish frontiers were inherited from those the Carolingian rulers subjected to Frankish rule rather than being the outcome of deliberate strategic choice.’
    • ‘During the Carolingian reign, nobles were granted booty as reward and incentive to support the current king.’
    • ‘One of the greatest accomplishments of the monasteries of the Carolingian era was the preservation of manuscripts.’
    • ‘Louis's coinage may not have influenced the architects of the Euro whose notes and coins began to circulate in January 2002, but this was still a remarkable achievement by this unappreciated Carolingian emperor.’
    • ‘But how was Carolingian rule perceived in Italy?’
    • ‘The Carolingian dynasty ended when Hugh Capet ascended the throne of France in 987.’
    • ‘Shortly after the death of Charlemagne, the Carolingian empire split into a western, a middle, and an eastern kingdom.’
    • ‘Irish ideas had fed Carolingian notions of kingship, but the fully-fledged Carolingian royal ideology which played such a role in England was not retransmitted to Ireland.’
    • ‘They were weak states and often very small, especially those that formed on the periphery of the Carolingian Empire and, later, in Western Europe following the collapse of that empire.’
    • ‘Additionally, Barbero brings together and updates previous Carolingian scholarship and historiography.’
    • ‘As Carolingian rule faltered in the course of the 9th century, so too did the court scholars.’
    • ‘Like their Greek and Roman predecessors, royalty and nobles with Carolingian blood coursing through their veins tended to marry their close or distant relatives in an effort to keep the bloodline relatively pure.’
    • ‘After the disintegration of the Carolingian empire, Athelstan, who involved himself with foreign dynasties and politics, was perhaps the most powerful monarch in the West.’
    1. 1.1 Denoting or relating to a style of minuscule script developed in France during the time of Charlemagne, on which modern lower-case letters are largely based.
      • ‘With the diffusion of standardized Latin and Carolingian script in the centuries preceding the high Middle Ages, he suggested, the cost of storing information in multiple copies fell.’
      • ‘The Carolingian style was developed under the rule of Charlemagne, when, in 789 there was a decree which called for the revision of Church books.’
      • ‘The most long-lasting result was the invention of Carolingian miniscule, developed at abbey of Corbie.’
      • ‘They present some of the sources for the origin of Carolingian scripts, especially Caroline Minuscule.’
      • ‘In 796 Alcuin retired from Charlemagne's Palace School at Aachen and became abbot of the Abbey of St Martin at Tours, where he had his monks continue to work with the Carolingian minuscule script.’
      • ‘The letters of the new script, called the Carolingian minuscule, were written in upper and lower case, with punctuation and words were separated.’


  • A member of the Carolingian dynasty.

    • ‘Against these pressures the Carolingians could not stand.’
    • ‘It was the landowner who provided the costly armies for the Carolingians.’
    • ‘He traces the inception, and to some extent the dissemination, of the bipartite rural estate to the designs of the Carolingians.’
    • ‘As for St Hubert, he too was closely linked with the Carolingians, and the emperor depicted in The Exhumation is Louis the Pious, Charlemagne's son.’
    • ‘The Carolingians, Christian kings, first brought together the peoples west and the east of the Rhine to form a political alliance, with the blessing of the bishop of Rome.’
    • ‘There is a continuity from the Carolingians to the later Middle Ages that not even the disruptions of the tenth century could erase.’
    • ‘The region was much fought over, being under the influence in successive eras of the Saracens, Carolingians, the Holy Roman Empire, the counts of Toulouse, the Catalans, René of Anjou, and the House of Savoy.’
    • ‘Nevertheless, Carolingians reigned in Germany till 911 and in France till 987 and they left behind a prestige which later kings of the Middle Ages sought to emulate.’
    • ‘Membership of the Frankish royal families, both the Merovingians and the Carolingians, was by contrast restricted to the male line, but the wives and mothers of kings were often from the aristocracy.’
    • ‘The Carolingians inherited land that retained some of the attributes of Roman administration, specifically laws and systems of taxation.’
    • ‘It was the Carolingians, however, who really gave structure to royal justice.’
    • ‘His family - the Carolingians - had formally replaced the Merovingian dynasty in 751 with the coronation of Charlemagne's father, Pippin.’
    • ‘The Carolingians attempted to put together a sort of western revival of the Empire.’


Alteration of earlier Carlovingian, by association with medieval Latin Carolus ‘Charles’.