Definition of carob in English:

carob

noun

  • 1A brown floury powder extracted from the carob bean, used as a substitute for chocolate.

    • ‘This herbal coffee is made from a blend of herbs, grains, fruits and nuts like chicory root, roasted carob and figs.’
    • ‘One brand of homemade ice-cream has chunks of salt and carob instead of proper chocolate.’
    • ‘Fortunately the redoubtable Ms. Hillary is not diabetic, as chocolates are high on the prohibited list, as are the so-called ‘diabetic’ chocolates or the chocolate substitute carob.’
    • ‘Add extras such as carob or malted milk powder to impart a gourmet flavor to your concoctions.’
    • ‘And, save for hard, stale cookies and bars in health food stores, carob was scarce outside my own kitchen.’
    • ‘Or give out individually wrapped cookies and candies made with carob instead of chocolate and sweetened with fruit juice rather than refined sugar.’
    • ‘All over the two islands, locals sell honey and carob and jam jars full of capers.’
    • ‘I have heard that carob is a healthy substitute for chocolate.’
    • ‘Hand-made from natural ingredients, treat flavours include peanut butter, liver, honey and vanilla and carob.’
    • ‘Honey and fresh fruit are ok in small amounts and carob not chocolate, also soy yoghurt not ice cream.’
  • 2A small evergreen Arabian tree which bears long brownish-purple edible pods.

    Also called "locust tree" (see locust (sense 3))
    • ‘After lunch beneath the pines and a rest in the shade of an old carob, I headed on to Loutro, keen to make this gem of the south coast well before sundown.’
    • ‘George and Sue Matchett have been growing carob trees on their property at Woorree, on the outskirts of Geraldton, for the past 14 years.’
    • ‘The word ‘carat’ comes from the carob tree whose seed was used for centuries as the standard for weighing precious stones.’
    • ‘In the carob tree, Ceratonia siliqua, for example, stomata are found not only in normal location in leaves but also in the seedling root.’
    • ‘Water less-thirsty trees (Arbutus ‘Marina’, carob, Chinese pistache) about once a month or so.’
    • ‘The cork oaks, olive and carob trees in the foothills and serras are evergreens.’
    • ‘There are these trees surrounding the parking lot - big carob trees, Ceratonia siliqua - and in the Fall their fruit drops and starts to rot.’
    • ‘And when you taste the final product in the form of a carob cake, you'll have no doubt the humble carob tree has a great future!’
    • ‘This area belongs to the carob tree forest.’
    • ‘There's 30,000 carob trees, seedlings and root stock at Limestone Station near Silverton.’
    • ‘Danny wasn't much noticed standing against a large carob tree in his long black coat.’
    • ‘His glaze was equally complex and equally secret, and he took both recipes to his grave when he hung himself from a carob tree in 1786.’
    • ‘Ceratonia siliqua (the carob or locust tree) is native to the eastern Mediterranean basin.’
    • ‘The island appears barren and yellow in the long summertime and greener in the winter, with carob and olive trees along with pine forests on the mountains.’
    • ‘The locust trees are also broadly similar to the carob.’
    • ‘To save his life, the rabbi withdrew with his son to a cave in Galilee where, miraculously, a carob tree grew and a water well appeared, so that he never lacked for food or water.’
    1. 2.1 The edible pod of the carob tree.
      Also called locust (sense 2 (see carob sense 2))
      • ‘By 1500, Latin alchemists, still using carob beans as a basic unit of weight, measured things by the carratus.’
      • ‘The carob beans used here come from a row of trees planted in the 1960s by a farmer in the Hawkes Bay.’
      • ‘It is also commonly referred to as St. John's bread, carob beans or bokser.’
      • ‘Gem dealers used to balance their scales with carob beans because these beans all have the same weight.’
      • ‘Well, I once spent several hours in a boring conference collecting carob bean seeds from the courtyard, brought them back to the US, weighed each one carefully and discovered what every merchant knew.’
      • ‘The carob tree has fruit called carob beans which are mostly identical in size.’
      • ‘It also produces cereals, carob beans, almonds and apricots, which are very good buys in the local market.’
      • ‘Ancient Greeks noticed that all carob beans were usually the same size and weight, and started using them as a unit of measure for weighing gems and gold.’
      • ‘Our friend stands underneath the tree looking eagerly up at the carob beans.’
      • ‘Firstly, the information on carob bean and its uses and potential is valuable as it is a crop with very real potential for Australia.’
      • ‘At one time, carob beans were a major export for Cyprus, sold all over the world as a substitute for chocolate.’
      • ‘Most people will associate carob with a popular alternative to chocolate, yet it would seem to be more of a ‘wonderbean'.’
      • ‘This is achieved through a process of drying, grinding and roasting the carob beans.’
      • ‘The company is a grower and processor of carob beans into carob flavour products.’
      • ‘Other Cretan agricultural products are carob beans, fava, mountain tea, broad beans, oregano and flax.’
      • ‘All carob beans, the fruit of the Locust tree, were extremely similar in weight.’
      • ‘In the early sixteenth century, Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca compared them to carob beans and described how Texas Natives ate them ground into a meal.’
      • ‘The pulp of the carob bean is selected and calibrated for later processing.’
      • ‘A quick check of sour creams at the local supermarket shows that some brands contain the additive carob bean gum, a gum used as a stabilizer made from tannin - rich carob beans.’
      • ‘Carob beans are the origin of the term ‘carat’, unit of weight for gemstones (due to an odd quirk of all carob beans being the same size).’

Origin

Late Middle English (denoting the carob bean): from Old French carobe, from medieval Latin carrubia, from Arabic ḵarrūba.

Pronunciation

carob

/ˈkerəb//ˈkɛrəb/