One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A Spanish conservative political movement originating in support of Don Carlos, brother of Fernando VII (died 1833), who claimed the throne in place of Fernando's daughter Isabella. The movement supported the Catholic Church and opposed centralized government; it was revived in support of the Nationalist side during the Spanish Civil War.
- ‘Carlism was a movement that arose in the 19th century in support of a pretender to the Spanish throne.’
- ‘After it Carlism remained a political force, but the accession of King Juan Carlos in 1975 and the modernization of Spain rendered its traditionalist raison d’être an anachronistic survival with declining vitality.’
- ‘Two civil wars followed and over time Carlism became to be identified with a strong monarchy, centralised power and primacy of the Catholic church.’
- ‘It was in this way that Isabella not only sparked the royal dispute known as Carlism, which would last more than a century, but also planted the early seeds of civil war in Spain and built the foundations of the liberal regime.’
- ‘In the 1870s their opposition to Castilian centralization was expressed as Carlism in the Basque country and as federalism in Catalonia.’
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