One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
In industrial processes: the reaction of lime and carbon dioxide to form calcium carbonate; specifically (in beet sugar manufacture) the addition of calcium hydroxide followed by carbon dioxide to the raw sugar solution in order to remove impurities in a precipitate of calcium carbonate.
Mid 19th century; earliest use found in Scientific American. From either carbonate or carbonate + -ation, perhaps after French carbonatation.
In this article we explore how to impress employers with a spot-on CV.