Definition of caraway in US English:



  • 1The seeds of a plant of the parsley family, used for flavoring and as a source of oil.

    • ‘The list of foods I dislike includes, but is not limited to, the following: olives, liver, kidney, most fish including salmon, crab, and squid, courgette, caraway, aniseed, liquorice, aubergine and peppers.’
    • ‘Place the cabbage, mint, parsley and caraway in a large mixing bowl.’
    • ‘He serves it on a toothsome, melt-in-the-mouth compote of beetroot, red onion and red cabbage, delicately flavoured with a hint of caraway and possibly cumin seed.’
    • ‘The Macao people have combined Western cheeses, Chinese soybean oil and caraway, coconut milk popular in Thai cooking, and Indian curries into Portuguese cuisine, which is spicy and enticing.’
    • ‘Because kitchens of yore had limited ingredients, bakers often flavored cookies with dates, rose water, or caraway seed.’
    • ‘Dishes should be prepared with digestive spices such as cumin, caraway, ginger, mustard seed, clove, basil, turmeric, fenugreek, cinnamon, and garlic (roasted only).’
    • ‘Spoon some mustard sauce around the dish and garnish with caraway seeds and mustard seeds.’
    • ‘The rye and pumpernickel have caraway, cardamom, and a touch of onion in the sourdough.’
    • ‘Add the leeks, onions, celeriac, garlic, tomatoes, coriander seeds, peppercorns, and caraway seeds and sauté until the vegetables are tender, about five minutes.’
    • ‘Add in the carrots, sprinkle with salt and caraway seeds, and cook for about ten minutes.’
    • ‘I love their piney, resinous, spicy smell, but you could add a teaspoonful of caraway seed - an old friend of the cabbage - instead.’
    • ‘She said her mother's Scandinavian background inspired her first to add a bit of caraway seed.’
    • ‘Sweet and sour flavours - apples, dried fruits, vinegar - go very well with red cabbage, as do spices, such as caraway.’
    • ‘Lunch I'll make myself - usually some cold rice and salad with a dressing of olive oil, mustard, caraway seeds and garlic, or tabbouleh.’
    • ‘A well-chosen rack of lamb lacked the promised rosemary or any herb in its jus, and two thick pan-seared medallions of pork similarly reneged on the caraway and cider.’
    • ‘Well there is the fiery chilli based Harissa made from olive oil, chillies, caraway, mint, cumin, coriander, garlic and salt.’
    • ‘Add the wine, Benedictine, blueberries, cranberries, chocolate, ginger, juniper berries, and caraway seeds.’
    • ‘Fry the onions until softened, then add the green pepper, tomatoes, stock, caraway seeds, sugar, paprika and cayenne and bring to the boil, stirring.’
    • ‘Ground toasted coriander and caraway seeds are also traditional ingredients which can be added to harissa.’
    • ‘Half were given Lomatol, a German herbal preparation containing peppermint, fennel seed, caraway seed and wormwood.’
  • 2The white-flowered Mediterranean plant which bears caraway seeds.

    Carum carvi, family Umbelliferae

    • ‘Biennial caraway forms a rosette of leaves the first year and develops a flowering stalk the second, after which the plant dies.’
    • ‘Don't plant near caraway, fennel or angelica.’
    • ‘One warning: do not plant near beans, caraway, tomatoes, coriander or wormwood-they do not work well together.’
    • ‘Caraway can be grown on a variety of soils, although it thrives on fertile, water-retentive soils, it also benefits from deep cultivation.’
    • ‘Caraway, coriander, dill and fennel are grown as much for their seed as for their fresh leaves - in fact, caraway is seldom used fresh.’
    • ‘Rare species such as wavy St. John's-wort, meadow thistle, and whorled caraway can also be seen.’
    • ‘Angelica belongs to the Umbellifer family and is of similar habit to dill, fennel, caraway and lovage.’
    • ‘Harvest herbs grown for seeds - dill, caraway, coriander, and cumin, for example - as the fruits change color from green to brown or gray but before they scatter to the ground.’
    • ‘Other researchers have had promising results using extracts from caraway plants incorporated into a molluscicidal mulch.’
    • ‘The most popular ones have umbrella shaped flowers such as fennel, dill, cilantro, caraway, angelica, tansy, wild carrot & yarrow.’


Middle English: from medieval Latin carui, from Arabic al-karāwiyā, probably from Greek karon ‘cumin’.