Definition of capture in English:

capture

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Take into one's possession or control by force.

    ‘the Russians captured 13,000 men’
    • ‘A couple of weeks later another small force were captured off Lough Swilly when their ships were surrounded by a British squadron before they even got to land.’
    • ‘More disturbing was the reportage from places captured by the coalition forces.’
    • ‘So the information referred to above presumably came from documents or other materials that were in his possession when he was captured.’
    • ‘At sunset, tribal forces claimed to have captured a ridge on the Milawa valley adjacent to the Tora Bora valley.’
    • ‘Greek special forces have captured a freighter carrying 680 tons of explosives, along with detonators and fuses, bound for North Africa.’
    • ‘At the end of the war in Europe, they were among the mass of German papers captured by advancing Soviet forces when they took Berlin.’
    • ‘Sir Thomas Fairfax's wife is said to have been captured by Royalist forces in 1643 on the spot where it now stands.’
    • ‘The Jerusalem Post is reporting that American forces have captured an installation used to manufacture chemical weapons.’
    • ‘Palau was occupied by Japan during World War I and remained under Japanese control until 1944, when it was captured by Allied forces.’
    • ‘Soldiers are accused of using unprovoked deadly force in capturing civilians, some of whom were then allegedly subjected to cruel and inhumane treatment leading to deaths in custody.’
    • ‘Only a few years later, the idea of a yeast that was out of control would capture the public imagination.’
    • ‘In the past two days, U.S. forces say they've captured some 200 suspected insurgents.’
    • ‘The paper said security forces were unable to capture the assailants but managed to recover abandoned weapons and military uniforms.’
    • ‘They captured teenage girls and forced them into temporary marriages with ‘the holy warriors.’’
    • ‘The French controlled the island until British forces captured it in 1762.’
    • ‘Yet, the rebels say this is wishful thinking and that their weapons are captured from government forces.’
    • ‘In 1917, during World War I, Jerusalem was captured by British forces under Gen. Edmund Allenby.’
    • ‘Ethiopian forces claim to have captured the town for strategic reasons and insist they intend to withdraw later.’
    • ‘In other words, by the end of the 11 th century the forces of Islam had captured two-thirds of the Christian world.’
    • ‘In 1782, Spain captured Minorca from British forces.’
    occupy, invade, conquer, seize, take, take over, take possession of, annex, subjugate
    catch, apprehend, seize, arrest
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Record or express accurately in words or pictures.
      ‘she did a series of sketches, trying to capture all his moods’
      • ‘The Sub-Standard uses words and pictures to capture the essence of London's worst August storms ever.’
      • ‘The pictures captured the mood or essence of the songs.’
      • ‘The portrayal of a 13-year old girl is remarkable for the textures captured in her silk dress and her hair while, despite the formal pose, the picture captures a childish awkwardness.’
      • ‘Like Tryon's French scene, DeCora's picture is designed to capture a mood rather than illustrate an event.’
      • ‘If they have a favourite place or have a picture that they think captures the area we would like to see it and they could win a prize.’
      • ‘The different meaning of these two words captures something of America's view of itself.’
      • ‘The exhibition through these pictures captures the pain and joy of the unification of North and South Vietnam that took place formally on July 2, 1976.’
      • ‘Don's picture captures the listless, boarded-up feel of the place better than mine does, but I fell too much in love with the lifts and wanted to make them look beautiful.’
      • ‘National Geographic has found the girl who posed for this haunting picture that so perfectly captures the horror of war.’
      • ‘Perhaps, the mad careening way of life might become more reflective as its mood and mode is captured in image and word.’
      • ‘Even Jerly's pictures captured the beauty of the river, in its varied expressions.’
      • ‘So have you got any pictures capturing life in Bury in the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries?’
      • ‘Right away what appeals to you about director Rakeysh Mehra's new film is the fact that it so accurately captures the spirit and mood of the current generation.’
      • ‘If you think words can't capture your emotions then you can record your voice and e-mail it.’
      • ‘Like most of my sister's stories, it provoked a startling mental picture, capturing a moment in time when one's actions seem both unimaginably cruel and completely natural.’
      • ‘The film's dialogue is minimal and often earthy but it accurately captures the rebellious mood of the youth.’
      • ‘The acting in Candida is realistic and accurately captures the trials and tribulations of courtship.’
      • ‘Simon's winning portfolio of ten pictures included striking images capturing some of the major events of the last year and the diversity of life in Yorkshire.’
      • ‘Russell Crowe may have turned in a virtuoso performance, accurately capturing the confusion and paranoia of being in mental turmoil, but let's face it, so what.’
      • ‘Indeed, his pictures capture a horror that goes beyond verbal expression.’
      express, reproduce, represent, show, encapsulate, record
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2Physics Absorb (an atomic or subatomic particle)
      • ‘Sensitive detectors can track the alpha particles produced and capture the two photons that are produced when the pion subsequently decays.’
      • ‘Not until the ambient temperature in the expanding universe had cooled from trillions down to about 3,000 degrees Kelvin did the nuclei capture electrons.’
      • ‘As the universe expanded the nuclei captured electrons to form a cool gas of neutral atoms.’
      • ‘Plant chloroplasts normally capture photons to excite electrons to drive photosynthesis.’
      • ‘This is the process in which a proton is converted into a neutron by the nucleus capturing a negative electron from one of the inner orbits of its atom.’
    3. 1.3 (in chess and other board games) make a move that secures the removal of (an opposing piece) from the board.
      • ‘Jerome rubbed his chin, and after a few minutes of thought, moved his knight, capturing Adam's last bishop.’
      • ‘After some deliberation, he moved his queen diagonally across the board, capturing Adam's remaining knight.’
      • ‘Finally, a single piece is automatically captured if two opposing pieces of another color move into its triangle.’
      • ‘Just as no player can capture the other side's king without sacrificing some important pieces, she is willing to give things up for chess glory.’
      • ‘Kevin looked down at the chess game, and made a move capturing a piece.’
      • ‘In times gone by, when an opponent sacrificed a piece to launch an attack, it was considered dishonorable not to capture the sacrificed piece.’
      • ‘A player could capture an enemy piece by either moving onto the piece or any one of these chits, which captured the piece as of that location.’
      • ‘Although the check has been blocked, the rook is completely undefended and the White queen can immediately capture this valuable piece.’
      • ‘Balls that are jumped or isolated due to the removal of disks are captured but capturing the right colored balls is the key to winning.’
      • ‘Arduus weighed his options - he could easily capture the piece with his, but the game would end in a tie, and he hated loose ends.’
      • ‘And the white King cannot capture this new piece, because it's a piece of his own color!’
    4. 1.4Astronomy (of a star, planet, or other celestial body) bring (a less massive body) permanently within its gravitational influence.
      • ‘Stuff moving more slowly relative to Earth can be captured by the planet's gravity and survive the plunge.’
      • ‘Instead of orbiting the Sun, like most comets, however, this one had been captured by Jupiter's gravity and the rocky fragments now orbited the King of Planets itself.’
      • ‘After 398 million km, the spacecraft fired its engines and slowed down enough to be captured by the Martian gravity.’
      • ‘Some small moons orbiting Jupiter, as well as Phobos and Deimos, may have originally been asteroids captured into orbit by the gravity of Mars and Jupiter.’
      • ‘Their findings suggest the purported moons arose from collisions or were captured by the planet shortly after the solar system formed.’
    5. 1.5 (of a stream) divert the upper course of (another stream) by encroaching on its catchment area.
      • ‘Whenever one stream captures a portion of the drainage of a neighbouring stream, certain results are produced.’
      • ‘Over time, the Barron River 'captured' some of the headwaters of the Mitchell River.’
      • ‘Long ago, another stream captured the headwaters of the Wind Gap stream, leaving the gap high and dry.’
    6. 1.6 Cause (data) to be stored in a computer or in a digital format.
      • ‘These programs are both Windows programs that allow users to capture the USB data that is sent to and received from any USB device on a Windows system.’
      • ‘By electronically capturing the details of each purchase, they capture not just sales totals, but information on what has been removed from goods on hand.’
      • ‘Version 2.0 allows users to capture customer e-mail stored in corporate mailboxes in addition to submissions from the Web.’
      • ‘The reason I bought the USB instant video is that it is the only alternative for notebook computer users to capture analog video.’
      • ‘But then, what if the spyware captures your keystrokes and stores them for later retrieval?’

noun

  • 1The action of capturing or of being captured.

    ‘the capture of the city marks the high point of his career’
    ‘he was killed while resisting capture’
    • ‘The opposition is closed down by capture, arrest, and prison.’
    • ‘For all she knew, they could have been enslaved or killed after their capture, and here she was in chains, unable to make a move to help.’
    • ‘The military code of conduct does require that military personnel resist capture.’
    • ‘That's why this arrest and this capture is so doggone important.’
    • ‘The capture of Mexico City did not immediately end the war.’
    • ‘Units of the Polish underground Home Army, which had assisted in the city's capture, were arrested and in part deported.’
    • ‘The city inched rather than slid towards capture and after a while the shelling all but paralysed our movement.’
    • ‘The number of animals accidentally killed during capture remains unknown.’
    • ‘This would spread fear through the region, making capture of further cities easier.’
    • ‘Methods of capture are often violent and many animals are accidentally killed in the process or die in transport.’
    • ‘The FBI has a $25 million reward for information leading to his capture or arrest.’
    • ‘Many were shot down or simply disappeared, bringing capture, imprisonment, and death to the crews.’
    • ‘Apparently, the two men killed had attempted to resist capture.’
    • ‘Stalingrad was a large industrial city at the apex of this line and its speedy capture was essential for the success of the whole German campaign.’
    • ‘Booth, killed as he fled capture, had imagined history would hail him.’
    • ‘I sat down on the hedge and thought: could I hope to run, could I hope to evade capture and imprisonment or worse - what options lay open?’
    • ‘For a power so concerned with the stylish symbolism of that city's capture, this was no mere practical measure.’
    • ‘For several years I wondered whether the ring hit some unfortunate Parisian out for a late afternoon stroll, but finally decided I was safe from capture and arrest.’
    • ‘During the intense gunbattle that followed, three insurgents detonated explosives and killed themselves to avoid capture.’
    • ‘In exemplary fashion, he resisted every effort by the enemy to make his capture and imprisonment work to their advantage.’
    arrest, apprehension, seizure, being trapped, being taken prisoner, being taken captive, being taken into custody, imprisonment, being imprisoned
    being nabbed, being collared, being pinched, being lifted
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A person or thing that has been captured.
      • ‘We're up to 699 captures because we don't trace calls and tap calls and a lot of people are afraid to call the police.’
      • ‘The IDF later announced that there had been no captures, though its soldiers remained in and around Nablus and the adjacent refugee camps.’
      • ‘This assumption often is true, but for locations such as the Gulf Coast in spring, where birds may continue to arrive all day, the method of analyzing first captures is not suitable.’
      • ‘The capture of these key members has led to additional captures throughout the Mosul-based AQ-AMZ network.’
      • ‘The result, a 13 percent decline in illegal alien captures in Arizona.’
      • ‘For captures of 100 or more flies, numbers were estimated by weight.’
      • ‘Just one exhibition of more than 20 that make up this year's Mois de la Photo, World Press Photo contains no shortage of similarly dismal captures.’
      • ‘Also, although I know nothing about the linked pet store, it's very important to be aware of the source of pet-store birds - you don't want captures.’
      • ‘The decrease in the number of fall captures could reflect natural mortality of overwintering adults and losses due to two prior removal-trapping sessions.’
      • ‘In general, a clear pattern of low captures of local individuals early in the season followed by a brief drop in capture totals then an increasing pulse of migrants was evident in these plots.’
      • ‘He had twenty registered captures in those three years while teamed with a partner.’
      • ‘His captures were mostly alive when he brought them into the house and we would have to rescue them, lock him in a room for an hour or so and take them back outside.’
      • ‘But he declined to make any new predictions of captures.’
      • ‘The Liberal Democrats' success, disguised by strong votes in very safe Labour seats, but exemplified by some astonishing captures from the labour heartland, should be encouraging in one way.’
      • ‘We also included data from some additional captures in areas immediately adjacent to the YSG plot.’
      • ‘With no real pattern to captures dropping on a shoal may require some luck but an evening stroll along the river, when the fish may give away their presence by rolling, might pay dividends.’
      • ‘He discounted arguments that the secrecy would withhold news of the captures from other terrorists.’
      • ‘The biggest was 6lb 4oz but they were both accidental captures when pike fishing - these were the first zander that I had caught by design so I was very pleased.’
      • ‘Similar captures have been reported from other waters such as Damph and Shiel over the last few years.’
      • ‘The captures were effected in March and early April - some 4 months before Abu Ghraib prison was re-opened by the US.’

Phrases

  • capture someone's imagination (or attention)

    • Fascinate someone.

      ‘the project has captured the imagination of the local public’
      • ‘In India, too, a comprehensive approach to rainwater harvesting has captured the nation's imagination.’
      • ‘Traditional poetry simply captures our imagination more easily than formless "free" verse.’
      • ‘Open with something interesting to capture the audiences' attention right from the start.’
      • ‘A shout in the midst of a normal voice or even a whisper will capture people's attention.’
      • ‘We need to try harder to capture people's imaginations, whilst meeting their needs.’
      • ‘For the past six weeks, the conflict in the Middle East has captured the world's attention.’
      • ‘Wilkins captures our attention by provoking combinations of topics or case examples throughout the book.’
      • ‘Now, the ancient Egyptians have long captured our imagination.’
      • ‘The aim of advertising boards is to capture one's attention.’
      • ‘It took a second query from Jack to capture his attention.’

Origin

Mid 16th century (as a noun): from French, from Latin captura, from capt- seized, taken from the verb capere.

Pronunciation

capture

/ˈkapCHər/