Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A small case or container, especially a round or cylindrical one.
cassette, magazine, cylinder, canister, container, case, pack, packet, packageView synonyms
- ‘Survivors and rescuers, who helped save 12 people from the crash, buried the capsule, containing victims' personal effects, under a memorial, in Hopes Carr.’
- ‘The second key was to the door of a narrow room containing 16 capsules, eight either side arranged in rows of four, one on top of the other.’
- ‘The capsule, containing Victorian coins and a copy of the Manchester Guardian, dated July 9, 1885, was found hidden in a foundation stone.’
- ‘The capsule also contained numerous documents and letters.’
- ‘These guns fired anti-magic energy, that were kept in bullet like containment capsules.’
- ‘These tiny cylindrical capsules contain microchips with copper coils.’
- ‘He grabbed a small needle gun and a cylindrical capsule, a stim, and loaded it into the device.’
- ‘The capsule contains microfilms of the results of a questionnaire that Denes had conducted around the world in the course of her university appearances.’
- ‘The capsule containing surgeons' masks and gowns, syringes, gloves, hospital brochures and official reports was buried beneath a courtyard at the weekend.’
- ‘His voice sing-songed as dripping wax flowed over capsules containing various types of dangerous apparatuses.’
- ‘He loaded six capsules into the chamber, then clicked it into place, and spun the chamber, readying it for battle.’
- ‘In front of them was an awfully huge machine containing two capsules.’
- ‘He is also surprised by his sudden ability to speak numerous languages and the discovery of a capsule containing a Swiss account number on his person.’
- ‘The capsule contains the details of a safety deposit box in a Swiss bank.’
- ‘Frozen tissue was ground to a fine powder using a dental amalgam mixer, employing a liquid N 2 chilled copper/plastic capsule containing three steel ball bearings.’
- ‘Also popular confectionery, comprising a cheap chocolate egg lined with even cheaper white chocolate inside, and inside that a plastic capsule containing a Surprise.’
- ‘Male and female starlings were wild-caught, housed in the laboratory, and implanted with either empty silastic capsules or capsules containing testosterone.’
- ‘The popular capsules may be round or square and are designed to dissolve in the wash, releasing the detergent.’
- ‘To bring immediate protection to its owner the capsule also contains a fragment of red string from Rachels Tomb in Jerusalem.’
- ‘The capsule is a strong container containing references and artefacts of today's living.’
- 1.1A small, soluble case of gelatin containing a dose of medicine, swallowed whole.
- ‘An inquest in 2000 was told the GP had apparently mixed up near-identical capsules containing vastly different amounts of the drug.’
- ‘If you are taking the sustained-release capsule: swallow the capsule whole.’
- ‘The other advantage is that, since the capsule is swallowed whole, the garlic isn't digested until it reaches the stomach.’
- ‘The capsule can be opened and the beads sprinkled on food for youth who have problems swallowing tablets or capsules.’
- ‘Fish oil capsules or supplements containing large amounts of para-aminobenzoic acid can elevate blood sugar.’
- ‘Many people have an easier time swallowing capsules than they do swallowing ordinary tablets.’
- ‘He was a very bright, socially sensitive, and insightful young man whose complaint was that he could not swallow pills or capsules.’
- ‘In China, six million boxes each containing 30 capsules of the drug were sold last year under the brand name ‘Shoubishan’.’
- ‘High and low dose tablets or capsules were indistinguishable in all aspects of their outward appearance.’
- ‘If capsules or beads from the capsules are not swallowed whole, you could overdose on this medicine.’
- ‘We haven't seen research comparing fish oil capsules to meals containing fish, so we don't know if they are equivalent.’
- ‘For those patients who have trouble swallowing capsules they recommend a compounding pharmacist prepare a syrup suspension.’
- ‘Based on these assumptions, she and other witnesses testified that they believed Tegan had been poisoned with time-released capsules containing caffeine.’
- ‘One solution is to teach children to swallow tablets or capsules whole as early as possible.’
- ‘Simply squeeze the oil from six vitamin E capsules into a small cup, add about 5 teaspoons of black cohosh cream, and stir.’
- ‘He said he was taking the medicine but the capsules looked different.’
- ‘She was accidentally given an overdose of the painkiller diamorphine by a GP, apparently in a mix-up over near-identical capsules containing vastly different amounts of the drug.’
- ‘The number of capsules that you take depends on the strength of the medicine in the capsule and the dose prescribed by your doctor.’
- ‘We went to our local health food store and bought a bottle containing 30 capsules for $17.99.’
- ‘Most tablets and some capsules contain fillers, binders, or excipients (substances that help keep the herb dry during manufacturing).’
- 1.2short for space capsule
A tough sheath or membrane that encloses something in the body, such as a kidney, a lens, or a synovial joint.
- ‘These calcifications could also be seen in the joint capsules, in ligaments and tendons.’
- ‘Primary retroperitoneal tumors may attach to the renal capsule or invade the kidney and, therefore, appear clinically as a primary renal tumor.’
- ‘Cysts may feel firm as the fluid may be tightly contained within the cyst capsule.’
- ‘The otic capsule contains, in addition to the otic region of the brain itself, the labyrinth and inner ear.’
- ‘The prostate gland is enclosed in a prostatic capsule and surrounded by extraperitoneal connective tissue.’
A gelatinous layer forming the outer surface of some bacterial cells.
- ‘When stressed, certain bacteria form protective capsules that are heat stable.’
- ‘In certain parasitic bacteria, N-acetylneuraminate lyase also plays a role in the synthesis of a sialic acid polymer component of capsules that help these bacteria evade host defenses.’
- ‘In its vegetative form, the bacillus has a protective capsule that keeps a human's immune system from killing it.’
- ‘These derivitized proteins do many of the same jobs which are performed by the cell wall and capsule in bacteria.’
- ‘After his summer at Woods Hole, Rollin joined Avery and Goebel in their work on the immunochemistry of the polysaccharide capsules of pneumonia bacteria.’
3The foil or plastic covering the cork of a wine bottle.
cover, seal, cap, topView synonyms
- ‘You can buy foil capsules for the top of the bottle and make or buy your own labels, attaching them with a glue stick.’
- ‘Snip off the kitsch plastic bull attached to the capsule and concentrate instead on the tasty, plum and cherry-packed red, made from the garnacha and cariñena grapes, within.’
- ‘it is an alternative name for the capsule which covers the cork and neck of a wine bottle.’
- ‘The change for Tyrconnell creates a refined look achieved through the use of a rich gold foil paper label, and a cork and foil capsule closure.’
- ‘Tesco's Finest wines - denoted only by a neck label and tiny letters on the capsule - are hard to pick out, but this gamey, earthy Gigondas is worth the search provided you drink it with big food.’
A dry fruit that releases its seeds by bursting open when ripe, such as a pea pod.
seed case, pod, shell, husk, hull, case, sheathView synonyms
- ‘In actuality they are waterproof capsules containing a long radical of germinated seed ready for growth when proper conditions are encountered.’
- ‘The fruits are rounded, leathery 1-to 2-inch capsules containing one to three large poisonous seeds.’
- ‘A developmental process termed dehiscence, in which the fruit ruptures in a predetermined fashion, effects the release of seeds from a dry capsule or other fruit form.’
- ‘The leaves of the great poplar he climbed in gleamed as though polished; bead-like fruit dangled, inviting young hands to burst the green capsules open and release the fluffy seed.’
- ‘The akee is to be eaten at the peak of ripeness, just after the capsule splits, an occurrence which is often followed by a race between man and bird to reach the succulent fruit first.’
The spore-producing structure of mosses and liverworts, typically borne on a stalk.
- ‘At this stage the capsules contained either dividing sporocytes or just formed tetrads in both species.’
- ‘That is, these mosses have peristome teeth which are formed by walls growing between the rows of cells making up the mouth of the spore capsule.’
- ‘For example, in mosses the sporophyte is a capsule atop a slender stalk that grows out of the top of the gametophyte.’
- ‘Small distinguished M. brittonii from the southeastern United States by its larger leaves, flowers, and capsules.’
6[as modifier] (of a piece of writing) shortened but retaining the essence of the original; condensed.‘a capsule review of the movie’
- ‘Here I'll write some capsule reviews of these books.’
- ‘With the camp now over, look for a recap and capsule summary of the players who were here.’
- ‘They remember when, commuting to work, they read the ‘Portraits of Grief’ in the New York Times' capsule lives of the dead.’
- ‘Gress's book has many capsule discussions of major thinkers which are very well done, and I learned a lot from these passages.’
- ‘For good measure, he also includes capsule reviews of novels derived from comics and some intelligent books about comic art.’
- ‘To help make your decision-making a little easier, here are 25 capsule reviews that separate the essential cinema from the pretenders to the throne.’
- ‘Most popular are restaurants offering capsule descriptions to help you make an informed choice.’
- ‘In the New York Times I read religiously each capsule biography of a World Trade Center victim.’
- ‘The Israeli newspaper Haaretz has posted the names of the victims of the latest mass murder in Israel, together with capsule biographies and photographs.’
- ‘This text is a capsule review of The Passion Recut, a version of The Passion of The Christ.’
- ‘Nor does she disappoint with her capsule review of La Broche, the Michelin two-star in Madrid.’
- ‘Actually, I didn't dislike it, and would give it this capsule review.’
- ‘In fact, Walker's capsule summary of the movie captures exactly what I dislike about it!’
- ‘You can find showtimes and capsule reviews in your friendly local City Paper.’
- ‘Yeah, that's about it, nothing too earth shattering in the mix, so I've decided to just sum up my thoughts in a bunch of capsule reviews.’
- ‘I thought the City Paper capsule review was odd, though, in that it slammed the movie for its ‘liberal’ cliches.’
- ‘Someone asked for a capsule summary of Coraline.’
- ‘The book then goes on to present capsule narratives of specific aspects of agricultural production and particular sectors.’
- ‘Between 1885 and 1900, capsule biographies of late, great Britons were published quarterly in alphabetical order.’
- ‘The remainder of the introduction provides capsule summaries of the essays, somewhat under-cutting the need to read the book.’
- 6.1(of a collection of clothing) consisting of a relatively small set of key items.
- ‘White vinyl sleep coats, goggles and plastic oversized trousers all feature strongly in this capsule menswear collection.’
- ‘PVC, hot air balloon fabrics and nylon were all featured in this neat capsule collection of black and white womenswear.’
- ‘Inspiration draws from urban warriors re-invented into the subversive capsule collection.’
- ‘He was signed to design a capsule collection that he says will be "fresh and young".’
Late Middle English (in the general sense small container): via French from Latin capsula, diminutive of capsa (see case).
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