Main definitions of capsid in English

: capsid1capsid2

capsid1

noun

  • another term for mirid
    • ‘Vegetables generally tolerate capsid damage and do not need spraying for this pest.’
    • ‘A misconception as to what species of cocoa pests constitute 'capsids' was settled between farmers and scientists using a cage experiment on capsid damage.’
    • ‘Capsids suck the sap from the shoot tips of leaves and buds.’
    • ‘A potful of Nicotiana langsdorfii has been attacked by some kind of leaf-sucking thrip or capsid bug.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from modern Latin Capsidae (plural), from Capsus (genus name).

Pronunciation

capsid

/ˈkapsəd/

Main definitions of capsid in English

: capsid1capsid2

capsid2

noun

  • The protein coat or shell of a virus particle, surrounding the nucleic acid or nucleoprotein core.

    • ‘For instance, the detection of the slow ejection kinetics may be impeded by the photobleaching effect and the possible diffusion of the probe through the permeable capsids.’
    • ‘When considered in the context of other studies using chemical or heat treatment of capsids, our study indicates that penton release may be a common trend among double-stranded DNA containing viruses.’
    • ‘Further, intact viruses can be added directly to in situ water samples because the capsid offers resistance to endogenous exozymes.’
    • ‘Both types of capsids have the same diameter; consequently the change in migration must be due to an increase in overall charge to more basic.’
    • ‘Since the ejected DNA doesn't contribute to the detected signal, the decreasing signal once FhuA is added reflects directly the progressive loss of DNA mass confined in the capsids.’

Origin

1960s: coined in French from Latin capsa (see case).

Pronunciation

capsid

/ˈkapsəd/